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    A P I I T

    2011

    Managing People &

    Performance.

    TAZMIR

    APIIT

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    Managing People & Performance Individual Assignment Page 1 of 11

    Level 3 Asia Pacific University College of Information & Innovation

    Table of Contents

    INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................ 2

    Using practical examples, critically evaluate how the increase of women in the

    workplace has influenced the provision of rewards and benefits in contemporary

    organizations. ............................................................................................................... 3

    THE PREMISE OF CONTEMPOARY MANAGEMENT THEORIES ........... 3

    WEICK AND THE PROCESS OF ORGANISING ............................................. 3

    THE TREND ............................................................................................................ 4

    The Career Strategy ................................................................................................ 5

    AN ISSUE THAT AROSE IN RECENT TIME-Women Earn Less than Men,Especially at the Top. ................................................................................................... 6

    ARE WOMEN TRANSFORMING ORGANISATIONS ? ................................. 7

    Need for gender diversity in contemporary organisation .................................... 8

    Sense-making and organizing ................................................................................. 9

    CONCLUSION .......................................................................................................... 10

    REFERENCES ........................................................................................................... 11

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    Managing People & Performance Individual Assignment Page 2 of 11

    Level 3 Asia Pacific University College of Information & Innovation

    INTRODUCTION

    Today organizations have to adjust too many dramatic changes, ranging from

    fundamental restructuring to revolutionary shifts in traditional values. These

    required changes are largely attributed to drastic changes in the way in which

    organizations respond to the environment in which they operate. Globalization

    and the resultant advancements in information technology are the two main

    contributors of modern organizational structuring, both of which pertain to highly

    complex communication activities and considerations that have become part of

    the organizations enactment with micro (i.e. inter-organizational activities) as well

    as the macro systems (i.e. transnational synergies, strategic geographic

    positioning, etc.). This reflects a paradigm shift from traditionally closed

    operating procedures (characterized by one-way hierarchical inter-organizational

    communication) to highly flexible and innovative contemporary organizations

    which. The paradox here is that organizations need existing paradigms in order to

    make sense of the current situations and this can trap organizations in current

    paradigms (Verwey & Du Plooy-Cillers, 2003:2). However, it is important to

    consider the premise on which contemporary management theories are based.

    Contemporary theories, such as that of Karl Weick, reflect a deep restructuring ofcore competencies that values an organizations sense-making processes when

    they are dealing with environmental equivocality.

    Contemporary management theories place emphasis on the interaction process

    between all components concerned with the organization, as well as adopting a

    more holistic orientation towards that way in which organizations function and are

    structured. Cycan is an example of such an approach in that the manner in which

    they conduct business is reflective of contemporary managerial concerns. This

    assignment will critically discuss contemporary views of management and

    organization theories to Cycans current company structuring and operating,

    focusing on the role of the CEO (Bryan Hatting); the state of their internal

    communication structures; and the holistic manner in which the organization

    approaches the decision-making process. Furthermore, the role of technology and

    communication within Cycan will also be analyzed in terms of how it contributes

    too and affects the three areas to be discussed.

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    Managing People & Performance Individual Assignment Page 3 of 11

    Level 3 Asia Pacific University College of Information & Innovation

    Using practical examples, critically evaluate how the increase of

    women in the workplace has influenced the provision of rewards and

    benefits in contemporary organizations.

    THE PREMISE OF CONTEMPOARY MANAGEMENT THEORIES

    Contemporary management theories recognize the importance of communication

    in creating and maintaining a successful organization. Through aligning

    communication and organizational goals we are now able to better interact with

    all levels of a company and the context in which they exist. This section will

    cover three main areas of contemporary management including Weicks theory of

    organizing; the role of technology in contemporary organizations and knowledge

    management.

    WEICK AND THE PROCESS OF ORGANISING

    Communication has been defined in a number of specific schools of thought and

    its conceptualization as a term has proven to be contextual as opposed to an all-

    encompassing explanation, in this vein communication will be defined as a

    mode of exchange and a mode of knowledge production (Taylor & Van Every

    in McPhee, 2000: 328-329). The notions of exchange and production are

    evolutionary terms used to describe the transference and creation of information

    in order to assess environmental interaction and the process of sense making in

    organizations. Therefore, organizations are a process of communication activity in

    which they are formed and reformed by communication discourse between the

    context in which they operate (i.e. the global economy) and the resultant

    organizational texts and culture. This dialogic process represents the double

    interact that lead Karl Weick to reformulate the notion of the organization to that

    of organizing.

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    Level 3 Asia Pacific University College of Information & Innovation

    Weicks organizing highlights the paradigmatic nature of organizations, as they

    are something that people accomplish through a continual process of

    communication and not defined by the positions and roles the members occupy

    (Littlejohn & Foss, 2005:245). The question of dualism between communication

    and organizations represents latter as a symbolically realized construction

    produced by interactional process of the organizations members and the macro

    system they occupy (Taylor & Robichaud, 2004). These symbolically realized

    constructions emphasis the importance of interlocked behaviors as they create,

    maintain, and are adjusted in accordance with the normative competencies

    necessary to reduce uncertainty or equivocality (Weick in Littlejohn & Foss,

    2005: 246).

    THE TREND

    Women stand at the fore front of disruptive change in the political, social, economic,

    and technological sectors of most counties. Dr. James CantonsThe Extreme Future

    notes Women will comprise a high percentage of new workers and leaders, forever

    changing the politics of boardrooms and markets. According to a US Census report,

    nearly one-third of all married women in the US make more than their husbands.

    More than 25% of working wives earned more their husbands in 2007 (up from 20%

    in 1983). Furthermore, women are earning college degrees at a faster pace than men.

    Between 2000 and 2001, women earned 57% of all undergraduate degrees.

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    Managing People & Performance Individual Assignment Page 5 of 11

    Level 3 Asia Pacific University College of Information & Innovation

    The Career Strategy

    Progressive women need to develop critical career strategies in a holistic fashion.

    Balancing work and family is difficult. In general, some men are already taking this

    transition personally. Some men are opting for the domestic life while their wives

    become the principal breadwinners. Therefore, society watches gender role reversals

    and wonder how it will endrelational success or failure?

    For working women, any results are often problematic anyway. Yenissei Alonso and

    Vickie Brent, authors of the article Women in the Workplace, argue that women still

    deal with institutional barriers that keep them from being successful. For example,

    women in general are making less than their counterparts doing the same job with thesame experience.

    Alonso and Brint note, Since nearly half of the workforce is comprised of women, it

    stands to reason that woman should be enjoying the same success as their male

    counterparts in terms of advancement opportunities and earning capacity. Princeton

    researchers in a 2003 study concluded that college-educated women who hold higher

    expectations for their potential mate may lower their chances for getting married. In

    fact, some