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Transcript of Takashi Murakami, , 1996 - University of Takashi Murakami, 727, 1996. It is generally defined as the

  • Takashi Murakami, 727, 1996

  • It is generally defined as the work of artists who are living/working in the twenty-first century!

    WHAT IS CONTEMPORARY ART?

  • It is generally defined as the work of artists who are living/working in the twenty-first century!

    WHAT IS CONTEMPORARY ART?

    “Postmodernism”

  • MODERN

    “Postmodernism”

    WHAT IS IT?

  • 18 th CENTURY: AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT

    Rheingold – Richard Wagner

    - Reason as the primary source of authority and legitimacy - Democracy and individual liberty - Freedom of expression and religious tolerance - Reforming traditional systems of power and faith - Increasing empiricism and scientific rigor

    MODERN? Modern History of the Western Culture

  • Innovative and related to the present or recent times as opposed to the remote past.

    MODERN?

  • MODERN? Innovative and related to the present or recent

    times as opposed to the remote past.

  • Innovative and related to the present or recent times as opposed to the remote past.

    MODERN?

    http://www.cnn.com/2015/08/13/arts/stelarc-ear-arm-art/

  • Innovative and related to the present or recent times as opposed to the remote past.

    Modernism (1870 – 1960)

    MODERN?

    http://www.cnn.com/2015/08/13/arts/stelarc-ear-arm-art/

  • Innovative and related to the present or recent times as opposed to the remote past.

    MODERN?

  • • Disappointment • Loss of faith • Radical rejection of traditions • Fragmentation • Embracing New rather than Value

  • BEAUTY IN THE EYE OF BEHOLDER

    Starry Night - Vincent van Gogh

    IMPRESSIONISM and POST-IMPRESSIONISM (1870-1905)

  • THE WILD BEASTS

    The Dance - Henri Matisse

    FAUVISM (1905-1910)

  • EMOTIONALISTS

    The Scream - Edvard Munch

    EXPRESSIONISM (1890-1934)

  • FRAGMENTATION

    Women of Algiers – Pablo Picasso CUBISM (1907-1915)

  • UNCONSCIOUS REALITY

    The Banquet - Rene Magritte SURREALISM (1924-1939)

  • MODERN? particular attitude or style of art making.

    My opinion is that new art needs new techniques. And the modern artists have found new means of making their statements. It seems to me that the modern painter cannot express this age of the aeroplane, the atom bomb, the radio, in the old forms of the Renaissance or of any other past culture. Each age finds its own technique.

  • MODERN? The art that is about “Art” !

    FORMALISM artistic medium should be stripped of all associations with other non-visual arts!

  • MODERN?

    (i) the specific time and place where it was made (ii) the medium that it is made of (iii) how it was made

  • It is generally defined as the work of artists who are living/working in the twenty-first century!

    WHAT IS CONTEMPORARY ART?

  • DIFFICULTY OF RECEPTION AND ELITISM

    "To appreciate a work of art, we need bring with us nothing from life, no knowledge of its ideas and affairs, no familiarity with its emotions."

    - Clive Bell

  • DIFFICULTY OF RECEPTION AND ELITISM

    - Semir Zeki and Ludovica Marini, "Three Cortical Stages of Colour Processing in the Human Brain," Brain: A Journal of Neurology, vol. 121 (1998)

    …our brain scans have shown that abstract forms (in contrast with images of people, places, and recognizable things) fail to activate the "regions of the brain traditionally associated with higher cognitive functions"--in particular, the areas that manage both emotion and long- term memory.

  • DIFFICULTY OF RECEPTION AND ELITISM

  • MODERN Difficulties

    • Abstract forms and the difficulty of reception

    • The implicit Elitism espoused by art critics and Abstract Expressionists

    • Proliferation of critical theories accumulated over several decades

  • POSTMODERN the era of profusion & pluralism

  • POSTMODERN the era of profusion & pluralism

  • * The Dismemberment of Orpheus: Toward a Postmodern Literature (1971)

    POSTMODERNISM an Anti- movement

  • Andy Warhol, Details of Renaissance Paintings (1984)

    Sandro Botticelli, Birth of Venus (1482)

    POSTMODERN Reproducibility vs. Originality

  • Judy Chicago, Rainbow

    POSTMODERN Plurality vs. Singularity

  • Richard Long

    POSTMODERN Product vs. Process

  • CONTEMPORARY ‘with the times’

  • channelcode

    context

    Language

    Material

    Tool

    History

    Culture

    Medium

    Roman Jakobson’s Communication Chart

  • channelcode

    context

    Language

    Material

    Tool

    History

    Culture

    Medium

  • - Gender - Identity - Communication - Time and Space - Technology - Culture - Environment - Spirituality - Politics

    Employing postmodern values and theories, not necessarily for holding an opposition against Modernism, but most importantly for giving voice to the varied and changing cultural landscape of values and beliefs in the 21st century:

    CONTEMPORARY ‘with the times’

  • “…contemporary art as the work of artists who are living in the twenty-first century… [these works are] dynamic combination of materials, methods, concepts, and subjects that challenge traditional boundaries and defy easy definition. Diverse and eclectic, contemporary art is distinguished by the very lack of a uniform organizing principle, ideology, or -ism.”

    -art21

    CONTEMPORARY THE ART OF 21 st CENTURY

  • Damien Hirst, Mother and Child (Divided), 2007

  • Damien Hirst, Mother and Child (Divided), 2007

  • Damien Hirst, The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, 1991

  • Orlan

  • The Reincarnation of Saint-Orlan

  • Maurizio Cattelan, La Nona Ora, 1999

  • Rirkrit Tiravanija, Communal Meals, 1990-2012

  • Eduardo Kac, Natural History of the Enigma, 2008

    https://youtu.be/3LSJVD0m1Mg?t=47m33s

  • Krzysztof Wodiczko, Homeless Vehicle, 1990-2000

  • Krzysztof Wodiczko, Homeless Vehicle, 1990-2000

  • Zhang Huan, 12 Square Meters, 1994

  • Wafaa Bilal, 3rdi, 2010-2011

    http://www.3rdi.me/

  • Wafaa Bilal, 3rdi, 2010-2011

    http://www.3rdi.me/

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