Syrian uprising

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Transcript of Syrian uprising

  • 1.Syrian Uprising March 15, 2011 to Present

2. 3. 4. 5. Arab Spring

  • The Arab Spring is a revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests in the Arab world put on by people who want change
  • The Arab Spring began on December 18, 2010.
  • To date, there have been revolutions in the following countries:
    • Tunisia
    • Egypt
    • a civil war in Libya resulting in the fall of the country's government
    • civil uprisings in Bahrain, Syria, and Yemen
    • major protests in Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, and Oman
    • minor protests in Lebanon, Mauritania, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Western Sahara

6. The Arab World 7. Current Leader of Syria

  • Bashar al-Assad

8. 9. Causes of Uprising

  • Authoritarian government
  • Lack of an effective constitution
  • Government corruption
  • Unemployment
  • Inspiration from other uprisings-Egypt, Libya, etc

10. Goals of Uprising

  • Resignation of Bashar al-Assad
  • Democratic reforms
  • Regime change(50 years of rule)
  • Expand civil rights
  • Recognition of Kurdish rights
  • Abolition of the Supreme State Security Court
  • Lifting of the emergency law(48 years)

11. The Protests

  • Syrian protesters have employed the use of tactics such as marches, hunger strikes, rioting, and vandalism
  • Since the summer(2011), armed militia groups have started fighting back against the government

12. Syrian Govt Responds to Protests

  • Deployed tanks and snipers as a means to stop protesters
  • Water and electricity have been shut off in certain areas
  • Security forces have resorted to confiscating flour and food
  • The Syrian Army has surrounded numerous cities
  • According to witness accounts, soldiers who have refused to open fire against civilians were executed by the Syrian Army

13. Syrian Govt Responds to Protests

  • There have been cases of rape, torture and killing of women and children

14. UN and US Reaction

  • Nations/People/Organizations condemning Syrian violence against protesters:
    • The Arab League
    • the European Union
    • UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
    • the Organization of Islamic Cooperation
    • the Gulf Cooperation Council
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Turkey
    • the United States
    • many others have condemned the use of violence against the protesters

15. UN Peacekeepers?

  • UN Peacekeepers
  • Russia and China vetoed a UN Security Council resolutionthat proposed a plan for Syrian president Bashar Assad to step down.
  • This greatly upset the US and UN