SWAMI VIVEKANANDA - Brilliant College of E Teachers - Vivekananda ebook...SWAMI VIVEKANANDA I have...

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  • SWAMI VIVEKANANDA

    I have gone through his works very thoroughly, and after having gone through them, the love that I had for my country became a thousandfold.

    Mahatma Gandhi If you want to know India, study Vivekananda. In him everything is positive and nothing negative. Vivekanandas gospel marked the awakening of man in his fullness and that is why it inspired our youth to the diverse courses of liberation through work and sacrifice.

    Rabindranath Tagore The going forth of Vivekananda, marked out by the Master as the heroic soul destined to take the world between his two hands and change it, was the first visible sign to the world that India was awake not only to survive but to conquer... Once the soul for the nation was awake in religion, it was only a matter of time and opportunity for it to throw itself on all spiritual and intellectual activities in the national existence and take possession of them. We perceive his influence still working gigantically, we know not well how, we know not well where, in something that is yet formed, something leonine, grand, intuitive upheaving that has entered the soul of India and we say, Behold, Vivekananda still lives in the soul of his Mother and in the souls of her Children.

    Sri Aurobindo

    With him religion was the inspirer of nationalism. He tried to infuse into the new generation a sense of pride in Indias past, of faith in Indias future and a spirit of self-confidence and self-respect. Reckless in his sacrifice, unceasing in his activity, boundless in his love, profound and versatile in his wisdom, exuberant in his emotions, merciless in his attacks but yet simple as a child-he was a rare personality in this world of ours... Swamiji was a full-blooded masculine personality - and a fighter to the core of his being. He was consequently a worshipper of Shakti and gave a practical interpretation to the Vedanta for the uplift of his countrymen.

    Subhas Chandra Bose

  • Swami Vivekananda

    and Education

    Empowering Teacher Educators

    (Modules I-VI)

    NATIONAL COUNCIL FOR TEACHER EDUCATION

    Hans Bhawan (Wing-II), 1, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg,

    New Delhi-110 002 www.ncte-india.org

  • Swami Vivekananda and Education Empowering Teacher Educators Compiled and Edited by: Professor K.P. Pandey Professor B.P. Khandelwal Dr. Shardindu Committee on National Lecture Series Convenor: Dr. Anil Shukla National Council for Teacher Education, 2015 Cover design by Typesetting and formatting by Published by Member Secretary, NCTE, Hans Bhawan, Wing-II, 1 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi 110002.

  • CONTENTS Page

    Preface iv About the Module v Module 1: Vision of Teacher Education in India 1 1.1 Relevance of Swami Vivekanandas Philosophy 3 1.2 Vision of Teacher and Teacher Education 4 1.3 Quality and Regulatory Perspective in Teacher Education 6 1.4 NCTEs Role in Empowering Teacher Education 7 1.5 Paradigmic Shifts Needed for Teacher Education 9 1.6 Why Swami Vivekananda as the First in the Series 10 of Thinkers Module 2: Swami Vivekanandas Concept of Education: Message for Teacher Educators 15 2.1 Man-Making Education 17 2.2 Education as Development of Personality 20 2.3 Education for Character-Building 22 2.4 Education for Peace and Harmony 24 (International Day of Peace, and International Day of Non-violence) 2.5 Education for Equality and Excellence 30 Module 3: Curriculum and Teaching Methods: Swami Vivekanandas Perspective 35 3.1 Approach to Curriculum Design 37 3.2 Content and Process 39 3.3 Delivery and Transactional Modes 40 3.4 Teaching Methods: Direct and Indirect 41 3.5 Role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) 45 Module 4: Ends and Means 53 4.1 Educational Goals and Global Context 55 4.2 Role of Teacher Educators in Attaining Congruence 56 4.3 Relation between Teacher Educators and Student Teachers 56 4.4 Pre-service and In-service Perspectives for Effective Teacher Education 59 4.5 Ends and Means 62

  • Module 5: Teacher Educators and Moral Ethics 69 5.1 Issues and Perspectives for Moral Education 71 5.2 Views of Indian Thinkers with Special Reference to Swami Vivekananda 73 5.3 Value Education for Teacher Educators Making it Effective 77 Module 6: Swami Vivekanandas Thoughts Contributions for Out-of-the-Box-Thinking 91 6.1 In-the-box-thinking and Out-of-the-box-thinking: Some Differentia 93 6.2 Quality and Excellence 97 6.3 Equality and Equity 100 6.4 Women Empowerment 104 6.5 Education of the Masses 109 6.6 Environmental Education and Management 114 6.7 National Integration 117 6.8 International Understanding 121 6.9 Towards Wellness Lifestyle through Health, Hygiene and Yoga (Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, and International Day of Yoga) 126 6.10 Leadership for Teacher Educators: Transformationalist Vs Transactionalist 136

  • PREFACE

    Swami Vivekananda was a patriot saint and seer of highest realization which our country has ever known. His prime concern had been the welfare and the uplift of man. He was a great luminary who could not only explain grand spiritual truths in a lucid manner, but could also expound on several subjects-be it science, music, arts or society and education. His thoughts and words remain a perennial source of inspiration for policy makers, teachers, administrators and practitioners.

    The NCTE as a regulatory body for coordination and promotion of quality concern in teacher education is fully conscious of its role and obligation to draw heavily from the ideas of our epoch making thinkers who have contributed towards the emergence of a vision for educating our children and youth. In this connection, it will be pertinent to mention that, earlier, a series on Sri Aurobindo and Sri Ma was brought out by the NCTE which attracted the attention of our young teacher educators.

    In our endeavour to introduce such great thinkers with an eye on empowerment of teacher educators, our first choice is that of Swami Vivekananda to whom our country looks for guidance and support. Swami Vivekananda is an embodiment of human excellence and is a multifaceted personality. The present venture on the teachings of Swami Ji has been piloted to design and develop useful learning materials for the advantage of teacher educators and teachers alike. This will be followed by interactive workshops based on the utterances and writings of such thinkers forming the series.

    Towards this end, a committee has been constituted by NCTE with Prof. B.P. Khandelwal, Ex-Director, NIEPA, Dr. Shardindu, Ex-Chairperson, NCTE, and Prof. K.P. Pandey, Ex-Vice Chancellor, M.G. Kashi Vidyapith, Varanasi as its chairperson and Dr. Anil Shukla, Deputy Secretary (Academic), NCTE as its convenor. It is gratifying to learn that the committee has been able to compile and edit a set of six modules in this form with the academic help and support available from the Vivekananda Centre at Kanyakumari and by tapping various other rich resources for culling out the material.

    We are grateful to Sri A. Balakrishnan, Vice-President and other staff of Vivekananda Rock Memorial and Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari for extending support in this regard. I place on record my sincere appreciation to the committee members who have contributed to the formulation of this document within a stipulated timeframe. I am also looking forward for meaningful deliberations ahead. It will be appreciated if our fellow teacher educators offer suggestions, if any, to further updating and refining this presentation before it is released for wider circulation.

    Santosh Panda New Delhi Chairperson January 7, 2015 NCTE

  • ABOUT THE MODULE

    Swami Vivekanandas comprehensive vision of life and education may be summed up in two words: equilibrium and synthesis. In fact as Romain Rolland (Nobel Laureate in Literature) put it, He was personification of the harmony of all human energy. His inspiring words are a pillar of strength to all and for all times past, present and future.

    According to Swamiji, we must have life-building, human-making, character-forming education. Needless to mention that now it is high time to assimilate and imbibe the true spirit of this averment. It calls for a radical shift in the prevailing paradigm of our system of education. The present set of six modules has been developed within an overarching perspective of Swami Vivekanandas reflections on education.

    It may be remembered that Swamijis writings and utterances encompass a long range of subjects like philosophy, religion, sociology and even art, architecture and music; and, they belong to both secular as well as spiritual realms. But, in view of the limited purpose of the present venture which is purportedly addressed to teachers in general and teacher educators in particular, only those segments have been chosen which relate to content and process of education, relationship between the teacher and the taught, the harmony of means and ends, the education for the masses, women empowerment, and sundry other free and frank articulations of Swamijis views on the subject of education. The modules are designed with an intent to offer a much needed exposure to the ideas of Swamiji and to provide a stimulus to move and inspire our young teacher educators.

    It is our hope that a meaningful interaction with these modules will enhance the academic avidness of those who are drawn to them. We are sanguine that these modules will provide a positive leeway for self-empowerment of teacher educators as emphatically stressed and commended by Swamiji