surgical instruments and common surgical

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    INSTRUMENT USAGE

    Scissors and Scalpels

    Hemostats, Forceps,and Clamps

    Specula, Scopes,Probes, Retractors, andDilators

    Cutting

    Grasping andClamping

    Dilating and Probing

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    Disposable Scalpel

    Used to cut the skin, sometimes

    called asurgical knife

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    Surgical Blades

    Most common sizes are#11, #10, and #15

    #24#22

    #11#12

    #15#10

    #23

    #21 #13

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    Sharp/Sharp Blunt/Blunt Sharp/Blunt

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    STRAIGHT CURVED

    Heavy-duty with narrowed but blunt pointed blades

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    STRAIGHT CURVED

    Small scissors designed for fine detail

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    STRAIGHT ANGLED

    Hook-shaped point on one blade used to hook

    under the stitch before cutting

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    LISTER SCISSORS KNOWLES SCISSORS

    Designed for cutting bandages on patients

    without cutting the patient

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    MOSQUITO KELLYSerrations along

    the entire tipsSerrations only along

    part of the tip

    Some may have teeth

    All may be straightor curved

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    Thumb ForcepsSometimes called pick-ups

    Some with teeth are called tissue forceps

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    HARTMAN FORCEPS ALLIGATOR FORCEPS

    Bent for ease in ear and nose procedures

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    Sponge ForcepsUsed to hold surgical gauze sponges

    May be straight or curved

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    Towel ClampUsed for fixing drapes to the skin of

    anesthetized patients

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    Needle HolderOften called needle drivers

    Holds needles firmly without crushing

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    Are used to expose body orifices by widening for better viewing

    Vaginal Speculum Nasal Speculum Anoscope/Proctoscope

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    WEITLANER RETRACTOR VOLKMAN RETRACTOR

    Used to hook and retract the edges of a wound for better view

    Self -retaining Manual

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    HEGAR DILATORS PRATT DILATORS

    Double-ended metal rods ranging in size

    used for gradually dilating an opening

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