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  • Waqf Ikhlas Publications No: 7

    THE SUNNI PATH FIFTEENTH EDITION

    HAKIKAT KITABEVI

    Darussefaka Cad. No: 57/A P.K. 35 34262 Tel: 90.212.523 4556 532 5843 Fax: 90.212.525 5979

    http://www.hakikatkitabevi.com e-mail: bilgi@hakikatkitabevi.com

    Fatih-ISTANBUL/TURKEY 2001

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    CONTENTS The Sunni Path.................................................................1 Contents ...........................................................................2 The Sunni Path.................................................................3 Preface .............................................................................3 1 Malmt-i Nfia (Useful Information).......................6 2 The Faith Of The Ahl As-Sunna..............................40 3 Al-Imm Al-Azam Ab Hanfa (Rahmatullhi Tal Aleyh)...49 4 Wahhbism And Its Refutation By The Ahl As-Sunna ...... 62 5 Final Remarks.........................................................96 6 Masjd An-Nab .......................................................98 What Is A True Muslim Like?..........................................98 Glossary .......................................................................105

    Publishers Note:

    Permission is granted to those who wish to print this book in its original form or to translate it into another language. We pray that Allhu tal will bless them for this beneficent deed of theirs, and we thank them very much. However, permission is granted with the proviso that the paper used in printing will be of a good quality and that the design of the text and setting will be properly and neatly done without mistakes.

    TYPESET AND PRINTED IN TURKEY BY: Ihlas Gazetecilik A.. Istanbul Tel: 90.212.454 3000

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    Bismillhi r-rahmni r-rahm

    THE SUNNI PATH PREFACE

    Let us begin the book in the name of Allah! The best protection is the name of Allah! His blessings are beyond all means of measure; All Merey He is, forgiving His pleasure! Allhu tal, having mercy upon all people on the earth,

    creates useful things and sends them to us. In the Hereafter, He will forgive those guilty Believers who are to go to Hell, and will bring them to Paradise. He alone creates every living creature, keeps every being in existence every moment, and protects all against fear and horror. Trusting ourselves to the honourable name of Allhu tal we begin to write this book.

    Hamd[1] be to Allhu tal. Peace and blessings be on Raslullah, the Prophet Muhammad (sall-Allhu alaihi wa sallam). Benedictions be over his pure Ahl al-Bait and over all his just and devoted companions (radiy-Allhu tal anhum ajman).

    Islamic scholars, who are called Ahl as-Sunna, wrote thousands of valuable books that state the beliefs, commands and prohibitions of Islam correctly. Many of them have been translated into foreign languages and circulated throughout the world. On the other hand, malevolent, short-sighted people have attacked Islams beneficial, bountiful and luminous way; tried to blemish the scholars of the Ahl as-Sunna (radiy-Allhu tal anhum ajman), and attempted to change Islam and thereby deceive Muslims. This struggle between Muslims and the irreligious has taken place in every century, and it will continue till the end of the world. Allhu tal willed in eternity that this be so.

    Muslims consist of scholars (haws) and laymen (awm). The Turkish book Drr-i Yekt writes, Laymen are those who do not know the rules of Arabic grammar and literature. They are unable to grasp the books of fatw. It is fard for them to look

    [1] Praise and gratitude.

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    for and learn the knowledge relating to Islamic belief and ibdt. On the other hand, it is fard for scholars to teach, by preaching and writing, first the belief and then the five tenets of ibdt, which make up the foundation of Islam. It is stated in the books Zahra and Ttrhniyya that teaching the fundamentals of mn and the belief of Ahl as-sunna is of primary importance. That is why the great scholar Abd-ul-hakm-i-Arws rahmatullahi aleyh, an expert in the religious and experimental sciences, said towards the termination of his blessed life, For thirty years, I have endeavoured to explain the Islamic belief, the itiqd (credo, tenets) of Ahl as-sunna, and Islams beautiful ethical teachings in Istanbuls mosques. Therefore, in all our books, we too, have tried to explain the itiqd of the Ahl as-Sunna and the good morals of Islam, stressing the importance of being kind to everybody and obeying and helping the State. We do not approve of the writings of some l-madhhab people, who are unaware of the religion and who provoke people against the State and set brothers at loggerheads. Stating, The religion is under the shadow of swords, Raslullah (sall-Allhu alaihi wa sallam) explained that Muslims could live in comfort under the protection of the State and its laws. As the State becomes stronger, the people enjoy more happiness and peace. Muslims living happily and carrying out their religious duties with freedom in non-Muslim countries, such as those in Europe and America, should not revolt against the State and the laws which give them freedom; they should not be tools for instigation (fitna) and anarchy. This has been a commandment of scholars of Ahl as-Sunna.

    It has been observed with gratitude that, men of religious authority in almost all Muslim countries strive to promulgate and defend this right way of Ahl as-Sunna. However, some ignorant people, who either have not read or have not understood the books written by scholars of Ahl as-sunna, make some ignorant oral and written statements, though without having any effect except betraying their own ignorance and wretchedness against Muslims firm mn and the brotherly love they have for one another.

    Harmful separatist movements among Muslims attack books of ilm-i-hl and try to vilify the ulam of Ahl as-Sunna and great men of tasawwuf (rahmatullhi tal alaihim ajman).

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    Ulam of Ahl as-Sunna wrote necessary answers against them and protected the true meanings which Raslullah (sall-Allhu alaihi wa sallam) derived from Qurn al-kerm against their attempts to change it. We entreat Allhu tal that, by studying this book carefully with their common sense and pure conscience, our valuable readers will judge it fairly and stick together in the right and true way of the Ahl as-Sunna and avoid lying, slanderous and heretical people. By doing this, they will escape eternal damnation.

    Explanations added afterwards to some parts of our book are written in brackets [...]. All these explanations also have been borrowed from authentic books.

    _______________ A Warning: Missionaries are striving to advertise

    Christianity, Jews are working to spread out the concocted words of Jewish rabbis, Hakkat Kitbevi (Bookstore), in Istanbul, is struggling to publicize Islam, and freemasons are trying to annihilate religions. A person with wisdom, knowledge and conscience will understand and admit the right one among these and will help to spread out that for salvation of all humanity. There is no better way and more valuable thing to serve humanity than doing so. Mld Hijr Shams Hijr Qamar 2001 1380 1422

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    1 MALMT-I NFIA (USEFUL INFORMATION)

    This booklet was written by Ahmed Cevdet Paa (rahmatullhi tal aleyh), who rendered a great service to Islam by putting the rules of Qurn al-kerm into a code of law in his valuable book Majalla. In addition, he wrote The Ottoman History in twelve volumes, the most dependable book in its field, and the famous Qiss-i Anbiy (The History of Prophets). He was born in Lofja in 1238 (1823 A.D.); he passed away in 1312 (1894 A.D.) and was buried in the graveyard of the Ftih Mosque in Istanbul.

    This alm, that is, everything, was nonexistent. Allhu tal created existence out of nothing. He wished to enrich this world with human beings until the end of the world. Creating dam (alaihi s-salm) out of soil, He ornamented the world with his children. To show people the things necessary for them in this world and the next, He honoured some of them by making them prophets (alaihimu s-salm). He distinguished them from other people by giving them high ranks. He conveyed His commands to prophets through an angel named Jabrl (Jibrl, Gabriel). And they conveyed these commands to their ummas exactly as Jabrl (alaihi s-salm) brought them to them. The first prophet was dam (alaihi s-salm) and the last one was our master Muhammed Mustaf (alaihi s-saltu wa s-salm). Many prophets came between these two. Only Allhu tal knows their number. The following are the ones whose names are known:

    dam, Shs (or Sht), Idrs, Nuh (Noah), Hd, Slih, Ibrhm, Isml, Ishq (Isaac), Yaqb (Jacob), Ysuf (Joseph), Eyyb, Lt, Shuaib, Ms (Moses), Hrn (Aaron), Dwd (David), Sulaimn, Ynus (Jonah), Ilys (Elijah), Alyasa, Dhul-kifl, Zakariyy (Zechariah), Yahy (John), s (Jesus), Muhammad Mustaf (alaihimu s-saltu wa s-salm). Twenty-five of these Prophets, with the exception of Shs (alaihis-salm), are named in Qurn al-kerm. The names of Uzair, Luqmn and Dhu l-qarnain are also mentioned in Qurn al-kerm. Some ulm of the Ahl as-Sunna said that these three, and Tubba and Hidir, were prophets, while some said they were Awliy.

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    Muhammad (alaihi s-salm) is Habb-Allah (Allahs Most Beloved). Ibrhm (alaihi s-salm) is Khall-Allah (the Beloved of Allah). Ms (alaihi s-salm) is Kalm-Allah (one with whom Allah spoke). s (alaihi s-salm) is Rh-Allah (one whom Allah created without a father). dam (alaihi s-salm) is Saf-Allah (one whose fault was forgiven by Allah). Nh (alaihi s-salm) is Naj-Allah (one whom Allah saved from danger). These six prophets are superior to other prophets. They are called Ulu l-azm. The most super