Sun Tzu On The Art Of War

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Sun Tzu On The Art Of War

Transcript of Sun Tzu On The Art Of War

  • 1. Sompong Yusoontorn

2. Sun TzusBiography 3. Period 544 496BC Occupation Military commander Ehthnicity Chinese Subjects Military strategy Notablework(s) The Art of War Statue of Sun Tzu in Yurihama, Tottori, Japan 4. According to traditional sources, such as the2 nd century BC biography written bySima Qian ,Sun Tzu was born inQiduring theSpring and Autumn Periodof China722-481 BC and became a heroic general for the king ofWu ,King Helu .His victories then inspired him to writeThe Art of War . The period was a time of constant war among seven nations ( Zhao , Qi,Qin ,Chu ,Han ,WeiandYan ) seeking to control all of China. 5. During Spring and Autumn Period ( 722 to 476 BC) , King Hui reigned Eastern Shou Dynasty for 5 years (since 677 BC).Chen Wan, who fled from the Chen State to Qi in 672 BC because of civil unrest in Chen . Chen Wan changed his clan name from Chen to Tian and named Tian Wan when in Qi, and the Tian became a prominent family in the politics of the state .King Hui Tian Wan 6. 125 years Later, during the reign of Duke Jing of Qi( 547-490 BC ) , Tian Wans Descendants,Tian Shu was a minister in the Qi court , whileTian Rangju was animpoverished member of a lesser branch of the Tian clan .Tian Rangju Duke Jing of Qi Tian Shu 7. Later Tian Shu was granted a fief and a new sub - surname of Sun, whileTian Rangju was made Grand Marshal( Da Sima )of the Qi and thus becameknown asSima Rangju .Sima Rangju was the tactician who served the QiState and wrote the military manualSima Fa orMethods of Simawhich wasincluded in 7 military classic books.Sima Rangju 8. Tian Shu or Sun Shu was Sun Wus grandfather. At the time of the adoption of the Sun Sub-surname, Sun Wu was about 12 years old.It is not known if Sun Wu had any contact with Tian / Sima Rangju, but he might be inspired by Sima Rangju in writingThe Art of War. Later Sun Family escaped from Qi to Wu state due to Qis political conflicts. Sun Wu Sun Shu Sun Feng 9. Lao Zi Kong Qiu or Confucius During Sun Wu period, the Eastern Zhou period is also designated as theperiod of the Hundred Schools of Thought. This includedLao ZiandKongQiu ,a Chinese thinker and social philosopher, whose teachings andphilosophy have deeply influenced Chinese thought and life . 10. Sun Wu Wu Zixu Later General Wu Zixu recommended Sun Wu to King Helu of Wu. The kingof Wu tested Sun Tzu's skills by commanding him to train a harem of 180concubines into soldiers .King Helu of Wu 11. Sun Tzu divided them into two companies, appointing the two concubines most favoredby the king as the company commanders .When Sun Tzu first ordered the concubines toface right, they giggled .In response, Sun Tzu said that the general, in this case himself,was responsible for ensuring that soldiers understood the commands given to them .Then, he reiterated the command, and again the concubines giggled . 12. Sun Tzu then ordered the execution of the king's two favored concubines, to the king's protests .He explained that if the general's soldiers understood their Commands but did not obey, it was the fault of the officers . 13. Sun Tzu also said that once a general was appointed, it was their duty to carry out their mission, even if the king protested .After both concubines were killed, new officers were chosen to replace them .Afterwards, both companies performed their maneuvers flawlessly . 14. TheBattle of Bojuwas fought in 506 BC between Wu and Chu forces .The Wu forces were led by Sun Zi, and they were ultimately victorious .Ch'u and Wu states were at war for about 50 years .Tensions culminated with this battle, and the related times of insecurity known as the warring states period ended in 220 BC. Sun Tzus 30,000 soldiers defeated Chus army of 300,000 soldiers. Wu Chu 15. The battle was planned by He Lu of Wu and was acted out byWu ZixuandSun Zi . King Jing of Zhou alongside Yue, the butcher, were temporarily driven from thecapital city of Chu, Ying, by the Wu attackers . This battle led to the invasion of the Ying town and its destruction . After retreat of the Wu state in 505 BC, bothThe King of Ch'u and the butcher came back to the town .Sun Wu Wu Zixu 16. Fugai, a younger brother of Hel, led a rebellion .After beating Fugai, Hel was forced to leave Chu .Fugai later surrendered to Chu and settled there .In 495 BC, his son, King Fuchai of Wu, succeeded him . However, during the later part of his reign, his extravagance and obsession with ,Xi Shi, a Yue beauty sent by Goujian of Yue , lead to the weakening of his state .Xi shi King Fuchai of Wu 17. In 484 BC after the death of Wu Zixu, Sun Wu became the advisor of Wu State.Later Sun Wu resigned, since he noticed the fall of Wu State and he could not convince King Fuchai to concentrate on managing the state. 18. All the time, whilst ruling the kingdom of Yue,Goujian never relished in riches as a king, but instead ate food suited for peasants, as well as forcing himself to taste bile . This way, he could remember his humiliations while serving under the State of Wu .In 473 BC. King Goujian of Yue invaded Wu and was successful.Wu was destroyed and King Fuchai was forced to commit suicide .The Spring and Autumn Period was ended. 19. After resigning from Wu State, Sun Tzu later proved on the battlefield that his theories were effective, that he had a successful military career, and that he wroteThe Art of War based on his tested expertise . 20. Sun Tzus The Art of Warwas written in approximately500BC. It has established itself as the leading authority onconfronting and defeating opponents through superior strategy. The philosophy works in any competitive environment wherepeople findthemselves contesting each other for a specific goal.It is a work of subtlety and paradox that shows how tosucceed effortlesslyin rising to lifes challenges.Sun Tzu believed thatvictory is won long before the confrontationand insisted thata skilled warrior can observe, calculate and outwit the adversary without ever engaging in battle. Sun Tzu Ping Fa 21. The Art of War 13 Chapters 22. 13Chapter s 1)Calculations : The first chapter focuses on the first phase of strategic thinking, where the importance is in carefully considering your approach and plans .2)Waging War : The next stage discusses what it takes to develop and deploy a plan.3)Offensive Strategy : How to compete without competing at all .4)Dispositions : How to control the situation before the conflict even begins.5)Energy : How to use momentum and timing to defeat the competition .6)Weaknesses and Strengths : How to identify the best match-up by matching one's strengths to the weaknesses of the competition.7)Maneuver : How to tactically deploy and shift your forces before and during the combat .8)The Nine Variables : How to adapt to the realities of battle, which means one must adapt to the advantages and disadvantages of the moment that often determine victory or defeat.9) Marches : What it takes to lead oneself and the team through the challenge of the mission .10)Terrains : The different types of obstacles that one can face and how to deal with them.11)The Nine Varieties of Ground : Reacting to different situations and how to take advantage of these .12)Attacking by Fire : Identifying the different types of influences and how to use them13)Employment of Secret Agents : The importance of gathering competitive intelligence on the competition and how to employ tactics against the competition . 23. #1CALCULATION Explores the fundamental factors or five key elements ( political intelligence, climate, terrain, leadership and organization characteristics) that define a successful outcome and to evaluate your competitive strengths against your competitors. By thinking, assessing and comparing these points you can calculate a victory, deviation from them will ensure failure. Remember that war is a very grave matter of state. 24. #2WAGING WAR Explains how to understand the economy of war and how success requires making the winning play, which in turn, requires limiting the cost of competition and conflict. 25. #3OFFENSIVE STRATEGY D efines the source of strength as unity, not size, and the five ingredients that you need to succeed in any competitive situation. He, who knows his enemy and himself well, will not be defeated easily.He, who knows himself but not his enemy, will have an even chance of victory, He, who does not know himself and his enemy, is bound to suffer defeat in all battles. 26. #4DISPOSITIONS E xplains the importance of defending existing positions until you can advance them and how you must recognize opportunities, not try to create them. Therefore, the person adept at warfare, will put himself in a position where odds of defeat is the smallest and grabs every opportunity to defeat the enemy. 27. #5ENERGY E xp lainthe use of creativity and timing to build your competitive momentum. In battle, use the direct forces to match the enemy, and use the indirect forces to win the enemy. 28. #6 WEAKNESSES AND STRENGTHS E xplains how your opportunities come from the openings in the environment caused by the relative weakness of your competitors in a given area.Thus the person adept in warfare seeks to control and manipulate his enemy instead of being manipulated and controlled. 29. #7MANUEVER E xplains the dangers of direct conflict and how to win those confrontations when they are forced upon you. Those who do not use local guides will not be able to gain the advantages of the terrain. It follows that an army without heavy equipment and supplies will perish. An army without sufficient food and grain will die. An army without sufficient stockpiles and reserves will not survive. 30. #8 VARIATION AND ADABTABILITY F ocuses on the need for flexibility in your responses. It explains how to respond to shifting circumstances successfully. Thus the wise strategist will always weigh and consider the favor