Suicide: Prevention and Education Suicide Prevention Awareness Month: September 2014

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Suicide: Prevention and Education Suicide Prevention Awareness Month: September 2014. Purdue University North Central Student Counseling Center LSF 103B (219) 785-5373 Counseling Center Website. Table of Contents. 1. Facts about suicide 2 . Myths About Suicide - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Suicide: Prevention and Education Suicide Prevention Awareness Month: September 2014

Suicide Prevention

Facts about Suicide2nd leading cause of death for college students.

3rd leading cause of death for 15-24 year olds.

#1 risk factor for suicide is untreated depression.

On average, one person dies by suicide every 16.2 minutes.

Information obtained from:http://www.suicide.org/index.html

Information obtained from:http://www.suicide.org/index.html 3Myths about Suicide"People who talk about suicide won't really do it."Almost all people who commit suicide exhibit warning signs beforehand. Do not ignore suicide threats even if told jokingly.

"Anyone who tries to kill him/herself must be crazy."Most suicidal people are not crazy. They may be suffering from depression, feelings of grief, and hopelessness. Suffering from extreme distress and emotional pain are not indications of being mentally ill.

Information obtained from the crisisline.orgcontactcrisisline.orgInformation obtained from the crisisline.orghttp://contactcrisisline.org/resources/suicide/

5Suicide Warning SignsThreatening or talking about hurting or killing oneself

Looking for ways to kill oneself by seeking access to firearms, available pills, or other means

Talking or writing about death, dying, or suicide when these actions are out of the ordinary for the personFeeling hopeless

Feeling rage or uncontrollable anger or seeking revenge

Acting reckless or engaging in risky activities-seemingly without thinking

Feeling trapped-like theres no way out

Information obtained from: suicide prevention lifeline.org

Information obtained from: www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org

7Facts about Suicide continued: Between 20%- 50% of people who complete suicide had previously attempted suicide.

Those who have made suicide attempts are at higher risk for actually taking their own lives.

About 75% of people who complete suicide give some clue as to their intentions before they make an attempt.

60%-70% of completed suicides are completed on their first attempt and had no know history of prior attempts.

Information obtained from the contact crisisline.org

Kleespies, P. M., & Dettmer, E. L. (2000). An evidence-based approach to evaluating and managing suicidal emergencies. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56(9), 1109-1130.

http://contactcrisisline.org/resources/suicide/

Kleespies, P. M., & Dettmer, E. L. (2000). An evidence-based approach to evaluating and managing suicidal emergencies. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56(9), 1109-1130.

4Myths about Suicide continued:"If a person is determined to kill him/herself, nothing is going to stop him/her."Most individuals waiver until the very last moment between wanting to die and wanting to live. Suicide is usually driven by a desire for the pain to stop, not to die. The impulse to commit suicide does not last forever.

"Talking about suicide may give someone the idea.False. In fact, broaching the topic of suicide and discussing it openly is one of the most helpful things one can do. Information obtained from the following source:http://contactcrisisline.org/resources/suicide/6Suicide Warning Signs continued:Increasing alcohol or drug use

Withdrawing from friends, family, and society

Losing interest in activities

Feeling anxious, agitated, or unable to sleep or sleeping all the time

Experiencing dramatic mood changes

Seeing no reason for living or having no sense of purpose in life

Giving away prized personal possessions

Sudden sense of calm

-A sudden sense of calm and happiness after being extremely depressed can mean that the person has made a decision to commit suicide.

Information obtained from: www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org and http://www.suicide.org/suicide-warning-signs.html

8What to DoSuicide Prevention #1: Speak up!

Ways to start a conversation about suicide:

-I have been feeling concerned about you lately. -Recently, I have noticed some differences in you and wondered how you are doing. -I wanted to check in with you because you havent seemed yourself lately.

What To Do Continued..Questions you can ask:-What you can say that helps: -You are not alone in this. Im here for you. -You may not believe it now, but the way youre feeling will change. -I may not be able to understand exactly how you feel, but I care about you and want to help. -When you want to give up, tell yourself you will hold off for just one more day, hour, minute whatever you can manage.

What to do continuedWhat you can say that helps:

-You are not alone in this. Im here for you. -You may not believe it now, but the way youre feeling will change. -I may not be able to understand exactly how you feel, but I care about you and want to help. -When you want to give up, tell yourself you will hold off for just one more day, hour, minutewhatever you can manage.

Remember; always take thoughts of suicide or plans for suicide seriously.

Talking to a person w/suicidal thoughtsDo:Be yourself. Let the person know you care, that he/she is not alone. The right words are often unimportant. If you are concerned, your voice and manner will show it.

Listen. Let the suicidal person unload despair, ventilate anger. No matter how negative the conversation seems, the fact that it exists is a positive sign.

Be sympathetic, non-judgmental, patient, calm, accepting. Your friend or family member is doing the right thing by talking about his/her feelings.

Talking to a person w/suicidal thoughtsOffer hope. Reassure the person that help is available and that the suicidal feelings are temporary. Let the person know that his or her life is important to you.

If the person says things like, Im so depressed, I cant go on, ask the question: Are you having thoughts of suicide? You are not putting ideas in their head, you are showing that you are concerned, that you take them seriously, and that its OK for them to share their pain with you.

Talking to a person w/suicidal thoughtsBut DO NOT:Argue with the suicidal person. Avoid saying things like: "You have so much to live for," "Your suicide will hurt your family," or Look on the bright side.

Act shocked, lecture on the value of life, or say that suicide is wrong.

Promise confidentiality. Refuse to be sworn to secrecy. A life is at stake and you may need to speak to a mental health professional in order to keep the suicidal person safe. If you promise to keep your discussions secret, you may have to break your word.

Talking to a person w/suicidal thoughts ContinuedOffer ways to fix their problems, or give advice, or make them feel like they have to justify their suicidal feelings. It is not about how bad the problem is, but how badly its hurting your friend or loved one.

Blame yourself. You cant fix someones depression. Your loved ones happiness, or lack thereof, is not your responsibility.

How to Get HelpIf you, a friend, or loved one is a registered PNC student:Visit the PNC Student Counseling Center, located in LSF 103B. Call 219-785-5373 or stop in to make an appointment.

Fall & Spring HoursMonday Friday: 8 a.m. 4:30 p.m.

ResourcesSelf-Evaluator:-You can use the anonymous Self Evaluator to learn if a treatable mental health problem could be affecting you or a friend. U life line evaluator

Half of Us: -A website dedicated to educating the public on different mental health issues through video sharing, etc. Half of us.com

http://www.ulifeline.org/puc/self_evaluator

http://www.halfofus.com/

17ResourcesJed Foundation-Jed Foundation.org-Provides resources, information, and promotesemotional health for college students. It also providescampus professionals, parents, and supporters with information and resources on how to get involved on campus to help fight suicide and promote emotional health.

Jed Foundation-http://www.jedfoundation.org/

18Purdue University North Central Student Counseling CenterWebsite

19How to Get Help continued:If you, a friend, or loved one is not a PNC student or if the Counseling Center is closed:

Visit the nearest hospital emergency room

Call 911

Call the Suicide Prevention Hotline 1-800-273-TALK 1-877-SUICIDA (spanish)Suicide prevention .org

If you are in Northwest Indiana call the Crisis Center1-800-519-04691-219-938-0900

http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/

20How to Get Help continued:If you, a friend, or loved one is not a PNC student or if the Counseling Center is closed you may contact the following local mental health facilities,Edgewater Systems (Gary)219-885-4264

Porter Starke (Porter/Starke Counties)219-531-3500

Regional Mental Health Center (Lake County)South Lake County: 219-736-7200North Lake County: 219-392-6001

Swanson Center (LaPorte County)219-879-06761-800-982-7123

Wabash Valley (Newton/Jasper Counties)765-463-25551-800-859-5553

Internet Resources on Suicide Preventionhttp://www.ulifeline.org/schools/puc

http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/suicide/DS01062

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/suicide/MH00054

http://www.save.org/http://www.who.int/mediacentre/events/annual/world_suicide_prevention_day/en/

http://www.who.int/mental_health/prevention/suicide/suicideprevent/en/index.html

http://www.iasp.info/

http://www.suicide.org/index.html

http://contactcrisisline.org/resources/suicide/