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Transcript of Study on Market and Value Chain Mapping - Mekong · PDF file Value Chain Mapping Study of SME...

  • STUDY ON MARKET &

    VALUE CHAIN MAPPING

  • Study on Market and

    Value Chain Mapping

    Study of SME Cluster Value Chain of 19 Provinces along

    the Southern Economic Corridor and Southern Coastal Corridor of

    the Greater Mekong Subregion

    November 2016

    Trade & Investment Facilitation Department

    Mekong Institute

  • ii

    The Study Team

    Trade & Investment Facilitation Department

    Mekong Institute

    Madhurjya Kumar Dutta, Program Director

    Quan Anh Nguyen, Program Specialist

    Reza Iftekhar Patwary, Program Specialist

    Sanga Sattanun, Program Manager

    Toru Hisada, Sr. Project Coordinator

    Seang Sopheak, Program Coordinator

    Ronnarit Chaiyo-seang, Program Officer

    Study of SME Cluster Value Chain of 19 Provinces along

    the Southern Economic Corridor and Southern Coastal Corridor of

    the Greater Mekong Subregion Study conducted in: Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand & Vietnam

    Period of Study: June 2016-July 2016

    Project: Enhancing Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SME) along the Southern Economic Corridor (SEC) of ASEAN Mekong Sub region (AMS)

  • iii

    Abbreviations and Acronyms

    ADB Asian Development Bank

    AOBO Analysis of Business Operations

    ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations

    B2B Business to Business

    BDS Business Development Service(s)

    BDSPs Business Development Service Provider(s)

    BMO Business Membership Organisation

    CCI Chamber of Commerce and Industry

    CDE Community Development Enterprise

    CFC Common Facility Centre

    CIFR Cambodian International Financial Reporting Standards

    CMTV Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

    DOI Department of Industries

    ERIA Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia

    FGD Focus Group Discussion

    FOB Freight On Board

    FTI Federation of Thai Industries

    GSO General Statistics Office (Vietnam)

    GVC Global Value Chain

    HACCP Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points

    HH Households

    HP Horse Power

    KHR Cambodian Riel

    LC Letter of Credit

    LVC Local Value Chain

    OSMEP Office of SMEs Promotion (Thailand)

    OTOP One Tambon One Product

    ROCL Ratchaburi Organic Company Ltd.

    SEC Southern Economic Corridor

    SCC Southern Coastal Corridor

    SEZ Special Economic Zone

    SME Small and Medium Enterprises

    SWOT Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats

    THB Thai Baht (currency)

    ToR Terms of Reference

    ToT Training of Trainers

    UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

    UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization

    VA Value Addition

    VC Value Chain

    VASEP Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Processors

    VCCI Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry

    VD (or VND) Vietnamese Dong (currency)

  • iv

    Contents

    ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS .................................................................................................................................................. III

    LIST OF TABLES ................................................................................................................................................................................. VIII

    LIST OF FIGURES ................................................................................................................................................................................. IX

    LIST OF MAPS ...................................................................................................................................................................................... X

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ....................................................................................................................................................................... 1

    CHAPTER A ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

    INTRODUCTION, BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY & METHODOLOGY .......................................................................................... 4

    1.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................................................ 5

    1.2 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY ................................................................................................................................................... 5

    1.3 DEFINITION AND IMPORTANCE OF CLUSTERS: RECENT LITERATURE ...................................................................................... 6

    1.3.1 About SME Clusters and Selection of SME clusters ............................................................................................................. 6

    1.4 DEFINITION OF SMES IN CMTV ................................................................................................................................................... 7

    1.4.1 Product Value Chain of SME clusters ................................................................................................................................... 8

    1.5 TRADE FACILITATION ASSESSMENT ............................................................................................................................................ 8

    1.5.1 Identification of investment needs ....................................................................................................................................... 8

    1.5.2 Role of Trade Facilitators ........................................................................................................................................................ 8

    1.6 METHODOLOGY .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

    1.6.1 Population Size (Total Number of SMEs in each country).................................................................................................. 9

    1.6.2 Sampling ................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

    1.6.3 Sources of Data ....................................................................................................................................................................... 9

    1.6.3.1 Secondary Sources .......................................................................................................................................................... 9

    1.6.3.2 Primary Sources ................................................................................................................................................................. 9

    Details on Types and Numbers of Representatives ..................................................................................................................... 9

    CHAPTER B ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 10

    CLUSTERS & GENERAL ANALYSIS ................................................................................................................................................... 10

    2.0 STAKEHOLDERS PERCEPTION ON TRADE POTENTIAL ............................................................................................................ 11

    2.1 GENERAL ANALYSIS ................................................................................................................................................................... 11

    ROADMAP MATRIX FOR THE CLUSTERS IN 19 PROVINCES OF VIETNAM, CAMBODIA, THAILAND, MYANMAR .................. 12

    CHAPTER C ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 13

    VALUE CHAINS OF SME CLUSTERS IN 19 PROVINCES .................................................................................................................. 13

    3.1 CAMBODIA ................................................................................................................................................................................ 14

    3.1.1 Banteay Meanchey Silk Weaving Cluster .......................................................................................................................... 15

    3.1.1.1 Provincial Overview ....................................................................................................................................................... 15

    3.1.1.2 Cluster Introduction and SWOT Analysis ..................................................................................................................... 15

    3.1.1.3 Value Chain Map of Banteay Meanchey Silk Weaving Cluster .................................................