Structuring Phase

Click here to load reader

  • date post

  • Category


  • view

  • download


Embed Size (px)


This is a slide show that discusses the PACT analysis and User Research leading to the generation of requirements.

Transcript of Structuring Phase

  • 1. Structuring Phase ysdn3006

2. PACT analysis used to scope a problem in a particular domain (sphere of activity)Requirements activities inPeopletechnologies contexts Opportunities 3. PACT analysis People have differing characteristics physical differences (eg. weight and height, senses, disabilities) psychological (spatial ability, language, attention and memory) = support mental models usage differences (novice, advanced, homogenous vs. heterogeneous 4. PACT analysis Activities need to be considered by the design team purpose of the activity = important frequency (eg. everyday or once a year) cooperation (alone or with others) complexity (simple, complicated) safety critical (dangerous, errors) nature of content (amount of data) 5. PACT analysis Contexts are where activities occur physical context (eg. environment) social context (eg. privacy ) organizational context (eg. within companies, organizations) 6. PACT analysis Technologies are used to perform functions input - people enter data, commands (eg. wiki postings) output - receive data (eg. video on YouTube) communication - between people and devices (cellphone) content - form and accuracy of data (eg.YSDN website) 7. Scoping a problemwith PACT Important to harmonize the PACT elements in a particular domain Useful to understanding current situation and look for opportunities This can be done by scoping out the variety of Ps As Cs and Ts observing and talking to people - user study to generate requirements 8. Requirements goal is to bring about something new in what people do or might want to do are generated by conducting user research interviews observations by analyzing this data, designers get a better sense of what the system will need to do 9. Start a PACT Analysis think about the communities in our public spaces how are the communities dened ? contexts activities technologies What are some communities we have identied in our public space research?