STRENGTHENING IMPLEMENTATION OF ASEAN MUTUAL RECOGNITION AND ELIGIBILITY OF FOREIGN TOURISM...

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Transcript of STRENGTHENING IMPLEMENTATION OF ASEAN MUTUAL RECOGNITION AND ELIGIBILITY OF FOREIGN TOURISM...

  • STRENGTHENING IMPLEMENTATION OF ASEAN

    MUTUAL RECOGNITION ARRANGEMENT ON TOURISM

    PROFESSIONAL (MRA-TP) SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TOURISM GASTRONOMY AND

    TOURIST DESTINATION

    8-9 MARCH 2018

  • ASEAN TRAVEL & TOURISM SECTOR

    1. GDP contribution: USD 300 billion

    2. 11.8% share of total GDP

    3. 30 million jobs

    4. 1/10 employment ratio

    5. 6% pa growth over the next ten years

    Source: WTTC, 2016

  • ASEAN TRAVEL & TOURISM SECTOR 2016 PERFORMANCE

    Source: WTTC, 2016

    COUNTRY GDP (%) TOTAL EMPLOYMENT (%)

    Brunei Darussalam 7.2 8.6

    Cambodia 28.3 25.9

    Indonesia 6.2 5.6

    Lao PDR 14.2 12.4

    Malaysia 13.7 12

    Myanmar 6.6 5.7

    Philippines 19.7 18.1

    Singapore 9.9 8.6

    Thailand 20.6 15.1

    Viet Nam 9.1 7.3

    ASEAN 11.8 9.7

  • ASEAN TRAVEL & TOURISM FORECAST 2017-2027

    1. 5.7% average GDP growth per annum

    2. 3.0% employment growth per annum

    Source: WTTC, 2016

  • KEY ISSUES IN IMPLEMENTATION OF MRA-TP

    • Supporting regulatory framework

    • Quality assurance

    • Awareness

    • Robust regional infrastructure

  • LINKING ASEAN INITIATIVES

    MRA -TP

    ASEAN ECONOMIC

    COMMUNITY (AEC)

    ASEAN QUALIFICATION

    REFERENCE FRAMEWORK

    (AQRF)

    ASEAN TOURISM AGREEMENT

    (ATA)

    MRA-TP

  • MRA- TP

    AEC

  • ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY

    Transform ASEAN into a region with free movement of:

    1. Goods

    2. Services

    3. Investment

    4. Skilled labour

    5. Freer flow of capital

  • AEC (SERVICES LIBERALISATION)

    AEC

    ASEAN FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT ON SERVICES

    MOVEMENT OF NATURAL

    PERSON MRA-TP

  • ASEAN FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT ON SERVICES (ARTICLE 5)

    • Each Member State may recognise the education or experience obtained, requirements met, or licenses or certifications granted in another Member State, for the purpose of licensing or certification of service suppliers. Such recognition may be based upon an agreement or arrangement with the Member State concerned or may be accorded autonomously

  • MOVEMENT OF NATURAL PERSON AGREEMENT

    • Apply to measures affecting the temporary entry or temporary stay of natural persons

    • business visitors

    • intra-corporate transferees

    • contractual service suppliers

    • other categories as may be specified in the Schedules of Commitments

    • Recognition should be based on multilaterally agreed criteria

  • SCHEDULE OF COMMITMENTS OF INDONESIA (SAMPLE) - MNP

    • For 3, 4 and 5 star hotel services, international hotel operators and meal-serving services with full restaurant services, temporary stay is limited to

    1. Natural persons who are at the top management level- specifically general managers, *food and beverage managers, resident managers, comptrollers and marketing directors in a hotel and

    2. Highly skilled professionals who will supply *executive chef, *sous chef, and speciality cooks

    *job-title under MRA-TP

  • MRA- TP

    ATA

  • ASEAN TOURISM AGREEMENT (ARTICLE 8)

    Formulating non-restrictive arrangements

    Intensifying the sharing of

    resources

    Mutual recognition of

    skills and qualifications

    MRA-TP

  • FORMULATING NON-RESTRICTIVE ARRANGEMENTS

    • Formulating non-restrictive arrangements to enable ASEAN Member States to make use of professional tourism experts and skilled workers available within the region on the basis of bilateral arrangements

  • INTENSIFYING SHARING OF RESOURCES

    • Intensifying the sharing of resources and facilities for tourism education and training programmes

  • MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS

    • Upgrading tourism education curricula and skills and formulating competency standards and certification procedures, thus eventually leading to mutual recognition of skills and qualifications in the ASEAN region

  • MRA -TP

    AQRF

  • ASEAN QUALIFICATION REFERENCE FRAMEWORK

    • A common reference framework that enables comparisons of education qualifications

    • Aims to have a neutral influence on national qualifications frameworks (NQF) of participating Member States

    • Referencing to AQRF: a process that establishes the relationship between the eight-level AQRF and NQF (National)

    AQRF (ASEAN) 8 level

    NQF (Member States) 8-9 Level

  • CATC & RQFSRS – DESIGN PRINCIPLES

    • Structured but flexible

    • With clearly defined levels of qualifications: 5 levels across 6 labour divisions

    • Curriculum and Qualifications are mapped with job functions and levels.

    2 0

    Line Staff

    Supervisors

    Advanced Diploma

    Diploma

    Certificate II

    Certificate IV

    Certificate III

    Managers & Senior Managers

    Advanced Diploma

    Diploma

    Other higher

    Education

    Qualifications

    Certificate II Certificate II

    Certificate IV

    Certificate III

    Certificate IV

    Certificate III

    Certificate II

  • AQRF (ASEAN) 8 level

    MRA-TP Regional Qualification Framework and Skills Recognition System

    MRA-TP AND AQRF ???

  • NEW CHALLENGES

    • 4th Industrial Revolution:

    • Booking

    • Virtual Reality

    • Millennials

    • Food tourism

    • Responsible tourism

    • Adventure tourism, e.g. trekking, diving

  • OBJECTIVES OF MRA-TP

    • To facilitate mobility of Tourism Professionals; and

    • To exchange information on best practices in competency-based education and training for Tourism Professionals and to provide opportunities for cooperation and capacity building across ASEAN Member States

  • RECOGNITION AND ELIGIBILITY OF FOREIGN TOURISM PROFESSIONALS

    • The qualification of a Foreign Tourism Professional may be recognised by other ASEAN Member States, and if such qualification is recognised, he/she may be eligible to work in a host country provided that he/she possesses a valid tourism competency certificate in a specific tourism job title as specified in the ACCSTP, issued by the TPCB in an ASEAN Member State. The eligibility to work in a host country will be subjected to prevailing domestic laws and regulations of the host country.

  • MECHANISM OF MRA -TP

    Country A

    Assessment Certification

    TPCB/NTPB

    ATPMC

    NTPB A NTPB B

    Regional Secretariat

    ATPRS

    Job Seeker Registration

    Job Opportunities

    Verification through the ASEAN Tourism Qualifications Equivalence

    Matrix (ATQEM)

    Country B

    TPCB/NTPB

    Job Interview

    Work Permit

  • Regional References

    Member States

    Member States

    Member States

    Member States

    Member States

  • REGIONAL REFERENCES

    • ASEAN Common Competency Standards for Tourism Professional (ACCSTP)

    • Common ASEAN Tourism Curriculum

    • Regional Qualification Framework and Recognition System

    • Toolboxes

    • ASEAN Tourism Qualification Equivalent Matrix*

  • HOTEL SERVICES (ACCSTP)

    • Front Office

    1. Front Office Manager

    2. Front Office Supervisor

    3. Receptionist

    4. Telephone Operator

    5. Bell Boy

    • House Keeping

    1. Executive Housekeeper

    2. Laundry Manager

    3. Floor Supervisor

    4. Laundry Attendant

    5. Room Attendant

    6. Public Area Cleaner

    • Food Production

    1. Executive Chef

    2. Demi Chef

    3. Commis Chef

    4. Chef de Partie

    5. Commis Pastry

    6. Baker

    7. Butcher

    • Food and Beverage Service

    1. F&B Director

    2. F&B Outlet Manager

    3. Head Waiter

    4. Bartender

    5. Waiter

  • TRAVEL SERVICES (ACCSTP)

    – Travel Agencies

    1. General Manger

    2. Assistant General Manager

    3. Senior Travel Consultant

    4. Travel Consultant

    – Tour Operation

    1. Product Manager

    2. Sales and Marketing Manager

    3. Credit Manager

    4. Ticketing Manager

    5. Tour Manager

  • INTERNAL COMPONENTS (MRA-TP): STRENGTHEN AND UPGRADE

    ACCSTP

    CATC

    RQFSRS

    Toolbox ATPRS

    ATPMC

    Regional Secretariat

    ASEAN Secretariat

    TPCB

    NTPB

    Trainers and Assessor

    Tourism Stakeholders

    Industry

    Training Institutions

  • EXTERNAL COMPONENTS (MRA-TP) ESTABLISH LINKAGES AND ALIGNMENT FOR BETTER

    RECOGNITION AT REGIONAL LEVEL

    Trade/Commerce

    Education

    Labor Non-ASEAN

    Member States

    ADB

    World Bank ILO

    SEAMEO

    Job Platforms

  • STRENGTHENING LINKAGES AMONG RELATED INSTITUTIONS WITHIN EACH