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  • MARC CHAGALL AGES 10 ADULT | ONLINE EDITION

    Step 1 - Introducing the Marc Chagall Slideshow Guide BEGIN READING HERE

    MOTIVATION Have you ever wanted to do something very much but were afraid to ask your mother, because you knew she wouldnt agree? Maybe you put the question off, trying to find just the right moment when she was in a good mood. Thats what Marc Chagall was facing at the age of nineteen. He had discovered he loved art and had a talent. He desperately wanted to become an artist, but it was an unheard of profession in his small village. Pictures werent even allowed on the walls of his home, and there was no word in his language for pictures. There was no doubt in Chagalls mind that it would be very difficult to explain to his mother why he wanted to be an artist. He felt she wouldnt understand his need to show things the way HE saw them and why he wanted so badly to create beauty out of colors and shapes. One day he found his mother alone in the kitchen happily baking bread. The moment had arrived! He watched her nervously then suddenly blurted out, Mother, I want to be a painter! His mother was so startled that she almost dropped the bread pan! What would the family say? How would he ever make a living? These and other doubts raced through her mind. Do you think Marcs pleading and begging convinced her he should become an artist? (YES) She ended up taking Marcs side, and she convinced the rest of the family it was the right thing for Marc to do. So it was decided that Marc should enter art school. That young man who nervously approached his mother would someday become one of the most important artists of the twentieth century.

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    DEVELOPMENT

    Today we will enter the world of Marc Chagall and travel the path that he took to become a famous artist. In all of his artwork he takes us to another world, a world of fantasy and imagination. In his world anything is possible! Many times Chagalls world even seems dreamlike. Do you dream while you are sleeping? Do your dreams sometimes seem mixed up? Is it sometimes fun to remember these mixed-up dreams and try to make sense of them? Pretend you have just awakened, and you know you have been dreaming. You lay there

    1 MARC CHAGALL Ages 10 Adult | MeetTheMasters Online Edition

  • MARC CHAGALL AGES 10 ADULT | ONLINE EDITION

    trying to remember bits and pieces of that dream to fit it together like a puzzle. The specifics you remember seeing are a cows head, a man with a green face, and people and houses upside down. How would that all fit together? It seems all mixed up and crazy! As you let your mind wander further, you remember bright, mixed-up colors, too. It seems as though the colors are strange but fascinating and a big part of that dream. Why would a man have a green face? As you continue to let your memory and imagination run wild, you put the puzzle together to form a picture in your mind. Lets see if you imaginary dream-picture looks anything like a picture Im going to show you that was painted by Marc Chagall. 1. I AND THE VILLAGE Was your imaginary dream picture anything like this painting? (NO) Does it look like a puzzle that doesnt quite make sense? (YES) Marc Chagall was always surprising his friends with his ideas. These ideas, and what he did with them in art, were different from what other artists were doing. Did you visualize the colors like this? Which word best describes the colors you see -- quiet or exciting? (EXCITING) Chagall was a master at using color, and these brilliant, bold, special colors add to his imaginary world. Can you think of a title for this painting? Let your eyes wander around to find all the wonderful things Chagall painted with his exciting colors. Then see if you can think of a title. (ANSWERS WILL VARY) I and the Village is the title given to this picture by Marc Chagall, and in it he painted a large profile of his own head. The village is really a small town in Russia with two rivers, bridges, churches, palaces and many wooden houses. Marc Chagall was born there on the 7th of July, 1887. He came from a very large family. He had seven sisters and two brothers - a family of twelve! Besides painting from his imagination, Chagall painted from memories. The garden in front of Marcs house was full of flowers, vegetables and herbs. In the little farmyards there lived cows, pigs, horses, donkeys and chickens. The artist spent his childhood in a large family amongst all these animals, which are to be found again and again in his pictures. What do you see in the painting that would belong in a small, farming village? (COW, MILKING, FARM TOOL, HOUSES) Have you ever thought or dreamed about what you would like to do when you grow up? As a young boy in a small village, Marc dreamed of becoming first a singer, then a dancer, then a poet. Finally he dreamed about becoming an artist, and thats when he approached his mother. He was always good in drawing class at school. In fact, that was all that interested him. He spent the rest of his time in school staring out of the window, dreaming and seeing things in his own special way.

    2 MARC CHAGALL Ages 10 Adult | MeetTheMasters Online Edition

  • MARC CHAGALL AGES 10 ADULT | ONLINE EDITION

    When he was twenty-three years old, he left Russia to live in Paris, France. Artists from all over the world lived together in a section of the city. It was a difficult decision to leave his homeland and relocate so far from friends and family. But he found the artistic opportunities in Russia very limited. The political leaders dictated and controlled the artists. He was not free to paint what or how he chose, even when he ran his own art school. Chagall knew he had to leave. It was in Paris that he painted I and the Village. He was lonesome for his home in Russia and of life in the country. Paris was a huge city very different from his village. What do you see in I and the Village that is imaginary? (ANSWERS WILL VARY) How does this painting make you feel? Do you think that painting this was a pleasant experience for Chagall? (YES) Let your eyes wander over the picture discovering all the details. Does the picture make sense? (NO) Chagall didnt like to explain what his pictures meant. He painted them out of feelings of happiness, and not to tell a story. Listen to Chagalls own words: My pictures are part of me, but I dont know what theyre about. People always asked him to explain why he painted the way he did. For instance, in this painting, look inside the cows head. What do you see? (WOMAN MILKING COW) Do you wonder why he painted that? Listen to Chagalls answer. In my painting, I and the Village, I painted a small cow and a milkmaid in the head of a large cow, because I needed that kind of SHAPE in that place for my COMPOSITION. Where else do you think he added a SHAPE, because it was needed there? (ANSWERS WILL VARY) Raise your hand if you see CONTRASTING colors. (YES) What colors contrast? (RED & GREEN, WHITE & RED, BLACK & WHITE, ETC.) Lets take another look at Chagalls village.

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    2. OVER VITEBSK What first caught your attention? (HUGE FLOATING MAN) Does he look like a traveler? Can you point to any patterns? (YES) Look at the shapes of the rooftops and notice any similarities to this next photograph.

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    3. PHOTO OF ST. BASILS CATHEDRAL Do you see any Russian buildings in this photo that Chagall included in his last painting? (YES) Chagall visited and was inspired by the shapes and architecture of Russian cities. This building in Moscow reflects the countrys love of patterns and bright colors.

    3 MARC CHAGALL Ages 10 Adult | MeetTheMasters Online Edition

  • MARC CHAGALL AGES 10 ADULT | ONLINE EDITION

    Have you ever been so happy that you felt you could float up in the air? Think of a very happy time in your life. Remember the feelings you experienced. Imagine that you are feeling so happy and light that you can feel yourself floating up, up, up in the air like a colorful balloon! Wouldnt that be wonderful to experience? Can you imagine being that happy? Lets see if you visualized your happy floating self like this. 4. THE BIRTHDAY Does this look anything like what you pictured in your imagination? This is how a young man felt one day when his fiance brought him flowers for his birthday. He was so very happy that he felt he could float! Can you remember a really great birthday of yours when you were extremely happy? The young man you see floating in this painting was Marc Chagall. When he felt this overpowering happiness, he picked up his paintbrush and made this painting, titled The Birthday. He painted this picture with bright colors on a piece of cardboard. On Chagalls birthday, Bella, his fiance, could hardly wait to celebrate it with him. She walked through fields and climbed over fences to pick a whole armful of flowers. At home she donned her most beautiful dress and packed a freshly- baked cake to take with her. Then she ran through the town to his little house by the river. After observing his artwork, tell me if Chagall was a realistic painter. (NO) Can you point out something that is unrealistic? (ANSWERS WILL VARY) Chagall painted parts that were realistic, but his placement of those parts was imaginary. He changed ordinary things when he painted them. Can you find any patterns in this painting? (TABLECLOTHS, COLLAR-LIKE WINDOW SHADE, CAKE, WALL HANGINGS) Would you like to see another memory Chagall painted from his childhood village in Russia?

    Click Next To Change Slide 5. THE GREEN VIOLINIST Can you give a title to this painting? The title Chagall gave it wa