Spanish Grammar Book #2

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Transcript of Spanish Grammar Book #2

  • 1. Grammar Book
    Second Semester

2. Table of Contents
Conditional
Conditional irregular
Present perfect
Present perfect irregulars
Past perfect
Subjunctive perfect
Tanto vs. tan
Impersonal se
Saber vs. Conocer
Formal commands
Formal irregular commands
Informal commands
Informal irregular commands
DOP and IOP placement
Nosotros commands
Mono verbs
Subjunctive with irregulars
Trigger words for impersonal expressions, emotional expressions, andconjunctions of time
Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns
3. Conditional
Used to describe uncertainty or polite requests
Describe what you would, should, could, or probably do
Infinitive + ending
Example: Yocomeraporquetengohambre.
4. Conditional Irregulars
Change the verb to the root then add the same endings
5. Present Perfect
Used to describe actions that happened recently or still hold true
Also used to tell what you have or havent done
Uses the verb Haber
Example: Ha
nadado en el lago.
6. Present Perfect Irregulars
Used with Haber
7. Past Perfect
Use both a main verb and an auxiliary verb
Use haber plus a past participle
Dont separate the two verbs with pronouns
8. Subjunctive Perfect
Uses the subjunctive form to express the perfect tense
Conjugate haber in
the subjunctive
Then add the endings to the infinitives
Example: Esimportantequehayasbebidoagua.
9. Tanto vs. Tan
10. 11. Saber Vs. Conocer
12. Formal Commands
13. Formal Irregular Commands
14. Informal Commands
15. Informal Irregular Commands
16. DOP and IOP Placement
For affirmative commands it can be attached to the end of the command
Remember appropriate accent rules
For negative commands it is after the no but before the command
They are not attached to the command
17. Nosotros Commands
18. Mono Verbs
19. 20. Subjunctive Irregulars
21. 22. Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns
Adjectives would match the noun
Add an accent on the first e to change it to a pronoun.