South Africa

Click here to load reader

download South Africa

of 17

  • date post

    04-Jan-2016
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    34
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

description

South Africa. Agricultural Situation 2011. Economic Highlights. Five year average real GDP growth of 3.7%, higher then the world average of 3.3% but lower than the Africa average of 5.0%. S.A. accounted for 0.5% of the World GDP and 31% of Sub-Saharan Africa GDP in 2009. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of South Africa

  • South Africa Agricultural Situation 2011

  • Economic HighlightsFive year average real GDP growth of 3.7%, higher then the world average of 3.3% but lower than the Africa average of 5.0%.

    S.A. accounted for 0.5% of the World GDP and 31% of Sub-Saharan Africa GDP in 2009.

    Local household consumption expenditure on food, beverages, and tobacco is exceeding $40 billion per annum.

    20092010Nominal GDP (billions)Unemployment$287.224.3%$350 23%Population (millions)49.349Disposable Income Per Capita of Households $3,503$3,600GDP Per Capita Real GDP growth $10,400 -1.8% $10,7002.8%

  • Agriculture & the EconomySouth Africa has a highly diversified agricultural sector which includes the production of all the major grains (except rice), oilseeds, deciduous and subtropical fruits, sugar, citrus, wine and most vegetables. Livestock production includes cattle, dairy, pigs, sheep, and a well developed broiler and egg industry. Has provided national food security since the start of the 20th century (Pop: ~4,0 million), right through to the 21st century (Pop: ~47 million, ~60% in cities)

    Primary commercial agriculture contributes about 3.0% to South Africas gross domestic product (GDP)

    Decline in commercial producers from 60,938 in 1996 to 39,982 in 2011

  • Land Use and Crop Zones in South Africa80% of the land is used for agriculture, but only 12% is arable, with the remainder being used for grazing, conservation, and wildlife.

  • Sector distribution of SA agricultural production

  • Agro-food trade

    South Africas exports of agricultural products amounted to $5.2 billion in 2009.

    Exports of agricultural products constituted 8.3 percent of South Africas total export basket in 2009.

    Imports of agricultural products amounted to $4.2billion in 2009 a decrease of 10 percent over 2008.

    Imports of agricultural products constituted 6.4 percent of South Africas total import basket in 2009.

  • Major agricultural products exported (US$ millions) 2008 2009 2010

    Citrus $711.4 $667.1 $1,061.6

    Wine $753.9 $727.5 $779.2

    Apples $367.3 $364.7 $462.9

    Table grapes $387.6 $379.7 $444.2

    Corn $510.3 $444.6 $294.1

    Sugar $217.9 $386.7 $254.5

  • Major export destinations (2010)

  • Major agricultural products imported (US$ millions) 2008 2009 2010

    Rice $463.9 $458.8 $388.0

    Soybean cake $311.9 $297.1 $330.9

    Wheat $444.6 $282.0 $295.2

    Palm oil $299.3 $232.1 $274.4

    Whisky $202.9 $201.6 $251.1

    Soybean oil $288.5 $106.9 $247.6

  • Major agricultural import countries (2010)

  • US SA Agricultural trade

    (US$ millions) 2008 2009 2010SA ag exports to US $233.3 $226.4 $271.1

    % of total exports to US 2.9% 4.5% 3.9%

    SA ag imports from US $327.6 $178.3 $277.6% of total imports from US 4.6% 3.6% 4.9%

  • Major agricultural products exported to the US:

    (US$ millions) 2007 2008 2009 2010

    Wine $38.7 $38.2 $37.2 $45.0

    Citrus $27.6 $33.4 $31.0 $50.0

    Sugar $7.9 $0.0 $19.3 $25.1

    Hides and skins $26.0 $18.4 $13.3 $0.78

    Fruit juice $9.5 $13.4 $11.3 $15.8

  • Major agricultural products imported from the US:

    US$ millions) 2007 2008 2009 2010

    Wheat $116.2 $95.2 $10.2 $102

    Prepared food $28.0 $31.2 $28.1 $260

    Whisky $28.8 $23.0 $22.9 $18.9

    Fats and oils $13.3 $15.4 $5.6 $4.7

  • Current broader environmentNegative impacts:Political uncertainty (new government), also internationallyCrime, safety and securityMacro-economic situation, esp. internationallyInfrastructure constraints, esp. in rural areasResource situation, e.g. water qualityPolicy issues, esp. Trade and Tariff PolicyEducational systemCompetitiveness (Technology and innovation!)Land ReformHIV/Aids

  • Current broader environmentPositive impacts:

    Democracy, albeit immature and developingFree pressMarket economy (part of global system)Strong fiscal positionGreater cooperation between Govt and PSMore external and internal investorsNew technology/expertise through multinationalsSoccer World Cup 2010

  • Thank you

  • Contact infoLinston Terry Agricultural AttachUSDA - Foreign Agricultural ServiceEmbassy of the United States of AmericaPretoria, South AfricaTel nr 27 12 431 4238Fax 27 12 342 2264E-mail: linston.terry@fas.usda.gov