Source: BSAA Figure 2.5-26 Layout of PAT Terminal in ... Source: UNCTAD...

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Transcript of Source: BSAA Figure 2.5-26 Layout of PAT Terminal in ... Source: UNCTAD...

  • The Project for the Study on Strengthening Competitiveness and Development of Sihanoukville Port

    in the Kingdom of Cambodia

    Source: BSAA

    Figure 2.5-26 Layout of PAT Terminal in Bangkok Port

    b) Private terminals Besides the port terminals managed and operated by PAT, there are four private terminals along

    Chao Phraya River, i.e. BMTP Terminal, BDS Terminal, Thai Prosperity Terminal (TPT) and Unithai Container Terminal. Major facilities in the private terminals are summarized in Table 2.5-10.

    Table 2.5-10 Major facilities in private terminals in Bangkok Port

    Berth Length (m) Depth (m) Shore Cranes Container YardCapacity

    BMTP 1C 315 8.5 3 mobile cranes(lift max 100 tons) 2,500 TEUs

    BDS No.7 150 8.5 42 tons mobile crane17 tons mobile crane 2,200 TEUs

    TPT 275 8.5 2 x 100 tons mobile crane (To be increased for the extended berth)

    9,600 TEUs

    UTCT 2F 202 8.5 3 x 36 tons gantry crane 3,600 TEUs Source: BSAA, TPT (Reorganized by the Project Team)

    4) Cargo throughput As shown in Figure 2.5-27, the government owned PAT terminal handles around 80% of total

    container throughput in Bangkok Port. However, the share of private terminals has been slightly increasing due to their increased capacity as shown in Table 2.5-11. Since the area of PAT terminal has been fully developed, PAT doesn’t have a plan to increase its terminal’s capacity.

    Thus, even after the development of Laem Chabang Port, Bangkok Port handles a considerable amount of containers, and the handling volume has been increasing, though the increase rate is rather moderate due to the limited handling capacity.

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  • The Project for the Study on Strengthening Competitiveness and Development of Sihanoukville Port

    in the Kingdom of Cambodia

    BOS 1.4%Unithai

    6.5%

    TPT 9.8%

    BMTP 3.0%

    PAT Terminal 79.2%

    Source: BSAA (Reorganized by the Project Team)

    Figure 2.5-27 Container handling share in Bangkok Port

    Table 2.5-11 Time series of container throughput of Bangkok Port (TEU)

    2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 PAT Terminal Inbound 662,800 747,900 783,442 719,751 679,740

    Outbound 697,935 789,707 792,122 655,417 655,063 Total 1,360,735 1,537,607 1,575,564 1,375,168 1,334,803

    Private Terminals BMTP Inbound 24,669 32,377 29,293 45,717 30,927

    Outbound 5,848 6,273 7,365 31,233 19,619 Total 30,517 38,650 36,658 76,950 50,546

    TPT Inbound 83,303 83,534 86,557 118,266 103,138 Outbound 38,302 35,527 40,208 59,217 62,765 Total 121,605 119,061 126,765 177,483 165,903

    Unithai Inbound 31,106 35,087 37,196 62,241 55,177 Outbound 28,658 30,763 30,765 64,365 54,511 Total 59,764 65,850 67,961 126,606 109,688

    BOS Inbound 14,424 15,558 17,786 14,404 11,545 Outbound 11,257 8,025 6,912 6,316 12,142 Total 25,681 23,583 24,698 20,720 23,687

    Total of Private Terminals Inbound 153,502 166,556 170,832 240,628 200,787 Outbound 84,065 80,588 85,250 161,131 149,037 Total 237,567 247,144 256,082 401,759 349,824

    Total of Bangkok Port Inbound 816,302 914,456 954,274 960,379 880,527 Outbound 782,000 870,295 877,372 816,548 804,100 Total 1,598,302 1,784,751 1,831,646 1,776,927 1,684,627

    Source: BSAA (Reorganized by the Project Team)

    5) Development plans PAT is implementing the following project in order to protect their terminals against flood of

    Chao Phraya River:

     To build a concrete flood wall of 15 cm thickness having + 2.65 m above mean sea level along the river side.

     To build the asphalt slope at +2.4 m height from mean sea level as the 2nd embankment. Also to build a double-layer brick wall at +2.65 m. above mean sea level in order to slow down water flow to OB Building and asphalt slope at 15 cm height at front of Fire Dept. in order to change waterways.

    PAT also plans to redevelop their land located around PAT terminal which is mainly used by

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  • The Project for the Study on Strengthening Competitiveness and Development of Sihanoukville Port

    in the Kingdom of Cambodia logistics industry at present, and to construct an international business center. PAT is waiting for the approval of the development plan by the Government.

    (5) Songkhla Port Songkhla Port is located in Songkhla Province in southern Thailand, facing the Gulf of

    Thailand; it lies 950 km from Bangkok and 70 km from the Malaysian border.

    Source: Google, Prepared by Project Team

    Figure 2.5-28 Location of Songkhla Port

    The port consists of a container/conventional terminal (CTIC terminal) operated by Chao Phaya Terminal International Co., Ltd.; a private operator, and oil terminals operated by Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT). The port was constructed in 1986 with ADB loan. CTIC has been the concessionaire of the container/conventional terminal since 1988.

    The port is administrated by the Marine Department as a part of the Ministry of Transport. Figure 2.5-29 and Table 2.5-12 show the facilities of CTIC terminal.

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  • The Project for the Study on Strengthening Competitiveness and Development of Sihanoukville Port

    in the Kingdom of Cambodia

    Source: Chaophaya Terminal International CO.,LTD.

    Figure 2.5-29 Layout of the CTIC terminal

    Table 2.5-12 Facilities of CTIC terminal

    Berths Ship Berths 3 Total Berth Length (m.) 510 Design Depth (m.) 9.0 Maximum Vessel LOA (m.) 173 Area & Capacity Total Area (ha) 10 Container Yard: (sq.m.) 50,000 Transit Shed: (sq.m.) 6,726 Break Bulk Cargo Working (sq.m.) 9,300 Container Capacity (TEU/year) 160,000 Conventional Capacity (Tons/year 600,000 Reefer Points 236 Equipments Quay mobile cranes (16 tons) 2 Forklifts (3 - 3.5 tons) 12 Forklifts (16 tons) 8 Forklifts (40 tons) 6 Tow Tractors (40 tons) 15 Semi-Trailers (40 tons) 12 Weigh Bridge (80 Tons) 2

    Source: Chaophaya Terminal International CO.,LTD.

    The major export cargoes are rubber, frozen sea foods, canned foods and furniture. The major import cargoes are frozen tuna and machineries. Table 2.5-13 shows the handling volume in the recent years.

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  • The Project for the Study on Strengthening Competitiveness and Development of Sihanoukville Port

    in the Kingdom of Cambodia

    7 5 2 4

    5 1 7

    Table 2.5-13 Handling volume of Songkhla Port

    2007 2008 2009 2010 269 227 206 239 422 406 428 50 691 633 634 289 205 216 230 244 934 967 958 874

    1,139 1,183 1,188 1,118 474 443 436 483

    1,357 1,373 1,386 924 1,830 1,816 1,822 1,407

    Laden 16 16 16 1 Empty 53 54 53 4

    Sub Total 70 70 68 6 Laden 66 68 69 6 Empty 3 2 1 2

    Sub Total 69 70 70 6 Laden 82 84 84 8 Empty 56 56 54 4 Total 139 140 138 128

    Import

    Export

    Total

    Container ('000TEUs)

    Import Export

    Sub Total Import Export

    Sub Total Import Export Total

    Conventional ('000 tons)

    Container ('000 tons)

    Total ('000 tons)

    Source: Chao Phraya Terminal International Co.,Ltd.

    An expansion plan seems to have been examined which includes construction of 4th and 5th container berths, although it has not been disclosed by Marine Department nor has it been implemented.

    (6) Kuantan Port 1) General

    Kuantan Port is a commercial port located 25 km from Kuantan town, the capital of Pahang State facing to the South China Sea. Kuantan Port is the main gateway for trading with the Asia Pacific region and the East Coast Economic Region, Peninsular Malaysia.

    2) Port management and operation The management of Kuantan Port was privatized in 1998. Kuantan Port Consortium Sdn Bhd

    (KPC), a wholly owned subsidiary company of Road Builder Holdings Berhad, is the concessionaire holder and port operator for Kuantan Port. The consortium provides cargo handling service as well as maritime service.

    3) Facilities and equipment Major facilities in the port are summarized in Table 2.5-14, and their layout is shown in Figure

    2.5-30. The container terminal is equipped with quay gantry cranes and RTGs.

    Table 2.5-14 Major facilities in Kuantan Port

    Number Length (m) Draft (m) Liquid Bulk Berth Palm Oil Berth 3 630 8 - 11.2 Mineral Oil Berth 1 150 8.0 Liquid Chemical Berth 3 720 11.2 Multipurpose Berth 8 1,073 8 - 11.2 Container Berth 3 600 11.2

    Source: Kuantan Port Consortium (Reorganized by the Project Team)

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  • The Project for the Study on Strengthening Competitiveness and Development of Sihanoukville Port

    in the Kingdom of Cambodia

    Source: Kuantan Port Consortium

    Figure 2.5-30 Layout of facilities in Kuantan Port

    4) Cargo traffic and vessel call The time series of total cargo handling volume, container handling volume and number of

    vessels call are listed in Table 2.5-15. Comparing with the total cargo volume, the container handling volume is rather small.

    Table 2.5-15 Cargo handling volume and vessels call of Kuantan Port

    Year Total Cargo

    Handling Volume (1,000 FT)

    Container Handling Volume (TEUs) Vessels Call

    1998 5,500 50,989 1,410 1999 5,510 56,056 1,516 2000 6,027 62,783 1,677 2001 7,532 76,339 1,855 2002 8,999 91,524 2,067 2003 9,804 108,108 2,280 2004 9,699 122,745 2,382 2005 9,411 119,167 2,195 2006 10,673 124,834 2,324 2007 10,065 127,600 2,375 2008 9,402 127,061 2,315 2009 10,273 132,250 2,447 2010 12,079 142,080 2,405

    Source: K