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Slum Dwe

Running head: SLUM DWELLERS, A BURDEN OR NEGLECT

Problems faced by Slum Dwellers

By Asad Rehman Syed Ali Haris Usman Ashraf Chopra Rana Ali Faizan Nayab Bhangoo

Academic Writing, Section G Miss Saamea April 2, 2009

Slum Dwe Abstract The main idea of this research paper is to analyze the difficulties that slum dwellers face in their daily lives and provide recommendations to resolve their issues subjectively. It is intended towards finding out what problems they face with the help of a personal interview. The effects these slums have on the people living near them are found out by interacting with them. The attitude of the general public towards the slum inhabitants is established through questionnaires. The role of the authorities and government in helping these slum dwellers to improve their life style is obtained by interviewing an authority figure. Lastly, conclusions and recommendations are drawn to address this issue by analyzing the information collected throughout the research project.

Slum Dwe Acknowledgements First and foremost, we would like to thank Almighty Allah for helping us at every stage of this research paper. Without His help, nothing is and never would be possible to happen. A word of acknowledgement for the slum inhabitants of Johar Town for cooperating with us and providing us with the necessary information required to get us started.We would also like to thank each and every one that became a part of this project by filling in the questionnaires with the due attention and enthusiasm. A special thanks to Professor Muhammad Zafar, the respectable father of Saad Zafar, and to Ahmed Zafar, for helping us with the interview of Mr. Liaqat Baloch. Finally, a debt of gratitude to Mr. Liaqat Baloch for providing us the enlightening information that helped us in concluding our project.

Slum Dwe background Pakistan has an agro-based economy. During its earlier years, most of the population lived in rural areas. These people earned their livelihood through agricultural yield that was productive enough to satisfy all of their needs. There were no incentives for these people to move to the cities. With the passage of time, however, the trend changed. The population grew and agricultural yield proved insufficient for them to fulfill their needs. At the same time, cities were making progress even though it was slow. The rural people had no option but to find alternatives to agriculture which they thought they could seek more effectively by moving to urban areas. So, with the promise of a better future in their minds, some of the rural inhabitants started to move towards urban areas to seek better employment and to make use of the facilities that are available in the cities to live a better life. It proved fruitful for many as they found the necessities of life for which they left their homes. This led to many more people migrating to cities, but the poor economic system and lack of policy slowly eroded the returns these people would get. This migration in large numbers led to the formation of slums, a thickly populated, run-down, squalid part of a city, inhabited by poor people. This study proposes to survey the problems of the slum dwellers of Mughalpura during 2008 to 2008 to determine the actual facts about the problems they face and to find subjective solutions to these problems. This research paper would be significant in highlighting the impact these slum dwellers have of our society. It would focus on their problems, the views of the people that live around them, the opinion of the general public about such settlements and the stand point of government regarding these slum areas. The purpose of this research is to determine whether the slum dwellers are neglected by our society or they are a burden on the society. This purpose is served by elaborating on the flowing points: The problems faced by the slum dwellers The causes of problems faced by slum dwellers The effects of slums on society The role of government and the view of general public Recommendations based on the above findings

introduction

Slum Dwe This purpose is served by interviewing the slum dwellers to find out the problems they face. The effects these slum dwellers have on the society are determined through personal observation and analysis of a few questions from the survey that is conducted in the form of questionnaires. The questionnaires also provide the basis of the opinion of the general public regarding these slum areas. The role of government is determined through the interview of Mr. Liaqat Baloch who is a renowned Member of National Assembly (MNA). Finally an analysis of all the information collected through the above mentioned sources allows us to present some recommendations regarding the solution of the issue. Problems of Slum Dwellers A slum area can be defined as that under developed part of a city which lacks the proper sanitation system, health care and proper housing. This definition of a slum in itself highlights a few of the problems of the inhabitants of such areas. The problems faced by the slum dwellers are common in almost all the areas around the globe as well as the areas specific to our study. These problems are discussed below: There are some problems that seem beyond solution. This is because the causes of the problems are either not known, not well understood, or are so paradoxical and contradictory, so hopelessly intertwined with one another that they cannot be effectively identified and addressed. The problem of slums is one of these seemingly insoluble problems. They are a global problem and a growing one, as exponential population expansion in many countries forces a disproportionate number of people into increasingly poor living conditions. Most slums exist in countries struggling to emerge from colonial exploitation, economic isolation, political anarchy, sectarian violence, and a host of other conditions that do not effect more developed countries, or not so drastically. Poverty Poverty is the cause of slumspeople do not have money, and little prospect of getting any. Thus they dont have adequate food, drinking water, medical care, education, or any way to escape their poverty by moving away or up. They are trapped in poverty, more or less without hope.

Slum Dwe But what is the cause of their poverty? The answer is brutally simple: an unequal distribution of wealth and the resources it can buy and control. Why is a our wealth unevenly distributed? Again, painfully simple: because the people who have been able to get the money and resources want to hang on to them, and to get more. Their justification for doing this, even in the face of the visible horrors of poverty and the human suffering it causes, is that those who have the wealth and resources are best able to manage them well. If they were turned over to the poor, they would be squandered and wasted, because the poor have no experience at managing them. The stability of society itself would be threatened. Further justification lies in the presumption that if the owners of the wealth and resources are allowed to do their good job of managing, the poor will benefit, too, because the whole community will prosper. This is sometimes called the Trickle Down Effect. The problem with these justifications is that they are much too optimistic, particularly for the emerging communities and countries like us where the most terrible poverty is rampant. The poor are in desperate condition and cannot wait for bits of wealth to filter down to them from the upper socio-economic strata, even if that were to happen. Tragically, the upper strata in our society most afflicted by poverty and the slums it creates are most likely to be comprised of corrupt managers of the wealth, whether in the form of political leaders or private entrepreneurs. Presiding over a politically disempowered and disenfranchised populace, the managers have no one to hold them accountable. Cycles of coups, civil wars, and revolutions usually replace one set of selfenriching despots with another, and the state of the poor is unaffected or made worse. One would hope for the enlightened despot to come along who would enforce true reforms that would improve the lot of the poor, but this has not happened and no one, especially the poor, can count on it. Meanwhile, their lives, played out among the most abject and dehumanizing conditions, goes on. Somehow, and in spite of everything.

Poor sanitation Proper drainage and sanitation system in the cities of a country is the sign of commitment of its dwellers and its government to improve the living conditions in the country. It adds to the beauty of the city and prevents from erosion of roads by puddles of water as well prevention of diseases specific to such puddles.

Slum Dwe Poor sanitation system is the basic problem of the slum dwellers at large (Appendix B, snap 1). These slums are formed on land that is yet to be built upon by estate developers. Much of such land in Pakistan is either used as garbage disposal spot, lies idle or is occupied by the poor people that move into the city to find work. This occupation leads to the formation of slums. Since the slum lacks any planning in its construction, there is no way for water to go out once it finds its way into the slum. Another fact is responsible for water puddles in the slum areas. According to the interview of the slum dwellers, the land on which they live is below the level of the road beside it. Absence of proper drainage system and the lower level of the slum relative to its surroundings cause water to stay inside the slum and forms dirty puddles of water.

Illiteracy Education is one of the basic tools of success in the modern era. Without education, one cannot realize their goals and make progress in this world. Education is a must for each and every member of a soc