Slavery Dominates Politics

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Slavery Dominates Politics Chapter 15, section 3

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Slavery Dominates Politics. Chapter 15, section 3. Republican Party Forms. *Whig party split over slavery issue! -Northern Whigs joined with slave opponents and formed the Republican Party. -gained support in the N. *1856 Presidental Election : Republicans: John C. Fremont - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Slavery Dominates Politics

  • Slavery Dominates PoliticsChapter 15, section 3

  • Republican Party Forms*Whig party split over slavery issue!-Northern Whigs joined with slave opponents and formed the Republican Party. -gained support in the N. *1856 Presidental Election:Republicans: John C. FremontDemocrats: James Buchanan *wins*Fremont still won 11 Northern states showing how nation was sharply split on slavery.

  • Republican John C. FremontDemocrat James BuchananWon election of 1856

  • Case of Dred Scott*Slave taken into free states by his master-claimed he was now free and sued for freedom*Case: Dred Scott v. Sandford, reached Supreme Court**Ruling: Not a citizen, therefore cannot sue in U.S. courts and were property (voted 7-2)

  • *The decision heightened tensions between the North and the South, causing outrage among abolitionists, slaves and their sympathizers.SOOOO..What happened to Dred Scott?

    *Dred Scott, his wife and daughters were formally freed by his owner on May 26, 1857, less than three months after the Supreme Court decision.

    *Scott worked as a porter (carrier) in St. Louis for about 17 months before he died from tuberculosis in September 1858.

  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates*Rep. believed Dem. wanted to make slavery legal in all states.Main target: Senator Stephen A. Douglas (Democrat from Illinois)*1858, Douglas ran for reelection to senate. *Rep. Abraham Lincoln ran against him.*Had a series of debates about the expansion of slavery.

  • Stephen DouglasAbraham Lincoln

  • *Position??Lincoln: Argued that slavery should NOT be expanded.Douglas: Argued that voters in each territory should decide the slavery issue for themselves. Who won?? Douglas won

    However!! The Lincoln-Douglas debates made Lincoln a national figure!!

  • Harpers Ferry*Abolitionist John Brown hoped to inspire slaves to rebel.*October 16, 1859: Captured the weapons in the U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia*Sent word to arm slaves, slaves did not join the fight*Brown was captured, tried, convicted, and executed.*Brown praised in North, South furious at this

  • Abolitionist John Brown

  • Lincolns Election &Southern Secession!

    Chapter 15, Section4

  • Presidential Election 1860*Republican candidate Abraham LincolnNorthern Democratic candidate Stephen A. DouglasSouthern Democratic candidate John Breckinridge Why two Democrats???*Democrats could not agree on what to say about slavery!Northern Democrats: Support popular sovereignty (let people vote)Southern Democrats: Defend slavery

  • The Election of 1860*Lincoln and Breckinridge had most extreme views on slavery. Lincoln: Against expanding into the territoriesBreckinridge: Wanted federal government to protect slavery in any territory.*Nation tired of compromise!!!-Lincoln won the North. -Breckinridge won the South.

  • RepublicanAbraham LincolnSouthern DemocratJohn Breckinridge

  • *North had more peopleLincoln won the election.*Lincoln said he would do nothing about slavery in the South.*White Southerners did not trust him.-Viewed his victory as a THREAT to slavery and their way of life!*Southerners warned: If Lincoln were elected, the Southern states would secede, or withdraw from the Union!Yikes!!

  • Southern States Secede*Dec. 1860 South Carolina 1st state to secede*By Feb. 1861, six more-formed the Confederate States of America*Jefferson Davis President of Confederacy.Union Response???-Northerners said unconstitutional!Pres. Buchanan said states didnt have the right to leave the Union: federal government, not states, was sovereign.

  • Lincoln and the South*Assured South he would not abolish slavery*Spoke strongly against secession*Did not want to force the South to stay in the Union.

    *Several forts in South under Union control that needed to be resupplied.*Whole nation waited to see what would happen..