Skilled Shortage Sensible - gov.uk Skilled Shortage Sensible Migration Advisory Committee February...

download Skilled Shortage Sensible - gov.uk Skilled Shortage Sensible Migration Advisory Committee February 2013

of 276

  • date post

    22-Mar-2020
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    0
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Skilled Shortage Sensible - gov.uk Skilled Shortage Sensible Migration Advisory Committee February...

  • Skilled Shortage Sensible

    Migration Advisory Committee

    February 2013

    Full review of the recommended shortage occupation lists for the UK and Scotland, a sunset clause and the creative occupations

  • Migration Advisory Committee, 2nd Floor, Fry Building, 2 Marsham Street, London, SW1P 4DF. www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/mac email: MAC@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

  • Skilled Shortage Sensible

    Full review of the recommended shortage occupation lists for the UK and Scotland, a sunset clause and the creative occupations

    Migration Advisory Committee

    February 2013

  • Contents

    Chairman’s Foreword ......................................................................................... 1

    The Migration Advisory Committee and secretariat ........................................ 3

    Summary ............................................................................................................. 5

    Context (Chapters 1 and 2) .......................................................................... 5

    Sunset clause (Chapter 4) ............................................................................ 6

    Creative occupations (Chapter 9) ................................................................. 7

    Shortage occupation list for the UK (Chapter 3, 5 to 7 and 10) .................... 7

    Shortage occupation list for Scotland (Chapter 8). ....................................... 9

    Future updates to the shortage occupation list ............................................. 9

    Chapter 1 Introduction.................................................................................. 11

    1.1 Scope of this report ........................................................................... 11

    1.2 What we did ...................................................................................... 12

    1.3 Structure of the report ....................................................................... 16

    1.4 Thank you ......................................................................................... 16

    Chapter 2 Policy and Data Context ............................................................. 17

    2.1 Introduction ....................................................................................... 17

    2.2 Overview of the Points Based System and Tier 2 ............................. 17

    2.3 Data context ...................................................................................... 20

    Chapter 3 Our approach and methodology ................................................ 29

    3.1 Introduction ....................................................................................... 29

    3.2 Our conceptual approach .................................................................. 29

    3.3 Skilled ............................................................................................... 33

    3.4 Shortage ........................................................................................... 35

    3.5 Sensible ............................................................................................ 39

    3.6 Our sensible test and the sunset option ............................................ 43

    3.7 Presenting the top-down results in this report ................................... 43

    3.8 Conclusions ...................................................................................... 44

    Contents

  • Skilled, Shortage, Sensible

    Chapter 4 Sunset clause ............................................................................... 45

    4.1 Introduction ........................................................................................ 45

    4.2 Sunset clause: rationale .................................................................... 46

    4.3 The shortage occupation list .............................................................. 46

    4.4 Our current approach ........................................................................ 48

    4.5 Sunset clause: partner evidence ....................................................... 58

    4.6 Conclusions ....................................................................................... 79

    Chapter 5 Health occupations ...................................................................... 83

    5.1 Introduction ........................................................................................ 83

    5.2 Evidence from our partners ............................................................... 83

    5.3 Key issues and policies in the health sector ...................................... 84

    5.4 Occupations we considered .............................................................. 85

    5.5 Medical practitioners ......................................................................... 86

    5.6 Biological scientists and biochemists ................................................ 94

    5.7 Physical Scientists ............................................................................. 96

    5.8 Nurses ............................................................................................... 98

    5.9 Medical Radiographers.................................................................... 100

    5.10 Other health sector job titles ........................................................ 101

    Chapter 6 Engineering occupations .......................................................... 103

    6.1 Introduction ...................................................................................... 103

    6.2 Our approach .................................................................................. 103

    6.3 Key issues in the engineering sector ............................................... 103

    6.4 Chemical and process engineering ................................................. 104

    6.5 Engineering in the construction sector ............................................ 106

    6.6 Engineering in the energy sector ..................................................... 109

    6.7 Engineering in the mining sector ..................................................... 120

    6.8 Engineering in the aerospace industry ............................................ 122

    6.9 Engineering in the railway industry .................................................. 125

    6.10 Engineering in the automotive manufacturing and design industry 126

    6.11 Engineering in the electronics systems industry .......................... 128

  • Contents

    Chapter 7 Other Occupations .................................................................... 145

    7.1 Introduction ..................................................................................... 145

    7.2 Natural and social science professionals n.e.c. .............................. 146

    7.3 Secondary education teaching professionals .................................. 150

    7.4 Special needs education teaching professionals ............................ 153

    7.5 Social workers ................................................................................. 155

    7.6 Job titles within the visual effects and 2D/3D computer animation for film, television and video games ............................................................... 157

    7.7 Chefs ............................................................................................... 167

    7.8 High integrity pipe welders .............................................................. 170

    7.9 Dancers and choreographers .......................................................... 172

    7.10 Musicians .................................................................................... 174

    7.11 Actuaries ..................................................................................... 176

    7.12 Chick sexers ................................................................................ 178

    7.13 High integrity pipe fitters .............................................................. 181

    7.14 Citadel miniature designer ........................................................... 181

    Chapter 8 Scotland ..................................................................................... 183

    8.1 Introduction ..................................................................................... 183

    8.2 The Scottish economy and labour market ....................................... 183

    8.3 Corporate partner engagement in Scotland .................................... 188

    8.4 Evidence received in response to our call for evidence. ................. 188

    8.5 Occupations in the health sector ..................................................... 190

    8.6 Our recommended shortage occupation list for Scotland. ............... 194

    Chapter 9 Creative occupations ................................................................ 195

    9.1 Introduction ..................................................................................... 195

    9.2 Creative occupations in the context of the UK economy ................. 197

    9.3 Immigration systems and the creative occupations ......................... 203

    9.4 Options we considered for the creative occupations ....................... 209

    9.5 Conclusions ...............................