Skeletal system introduction

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Unit 1: The Body in Action

Unit 1: Principles of Anatomy and physiology in Sport (Sport DCF)

or

Unit 1: Anatomy for Sport & Exercise (Sport & Exercise Sciences)

Unit Introduction1SupportThe skeleton acts as a framework.Can you imagine what humans would look like if they didnt have bones to support them?

5Activity 1 (Paired task)What do we already know about anatomy and physiology?

A GAME OF SCATTEGORIES

Write the alphabet on a piece of paper. You will have 2 minutes to write as many words as possible that you can think of to do with anatomy or physiology.

Any questions?

On your markssetGO!

You will now compete against the other teams to see who got the most words.

3What does our skeleton do?PSMPS4Movement

MuscleTendonPeriosteumBone6Movement7ProtectionCan you think of two reasons why the rib cage has gaps in it rather than being a solid shell of bone?

cranium8Answers:The rib cage needs to be flexible enough to allow the movements necessary for breathing.A solid bone rib cage would be extremely heavy, making movement more difficult.Could also point out that the organs of the chest are not quite as delicate as the brain, so solid bone protection is less necessary.Blood cell production

Red marrow embedded in spongy boneYellow bone marrow in the shaft9Blood CompositionRed Blood cells

Also referred to as Erythrocyte - these ?

White blood cells

Act in various ways to protect the body they form a?

Platelets

Are cell fragments they help to? 10Storage of mineralsBone is a reservoir for minerals

These stored minerals are released into the bloodstream they are need for ?11Activity 2 (Paired task)Watch the video using the QR code or interactive board.

In pairs, make notes on the following:-

The functions of the skeletal system

Key anatomical terms (e.g. the names of the bones)

Key processes and anything else you think is important!

PICK 3 KEY POINTS AND USE THESE IN THE COMPETITION

YOU GET 1 POINT FOR STATING AN ACCURATE FACT OR TERM, YOU GET 2 POINTS FOR STATING A FACT THAT NO-OTHER TEAM HAS!

http://bit.ly/1y3iGCB YouTube - introduction to the role of the Skeletal System12Clavicle

Commonly called the collarbone, is a slender S-shaped bone that connects the upper arm to the trunk of the body. What is its function?13Ribs

The ribs are thin, flat, curved bones that form a protective cage around the organs in the upper body.

What is its function?14ScapulaThe scapula is a large, triangular, flat bone on the back side of the rib cage commonly called the shoulder blade.

What is its function?

15Pelvic GirdleThe Pelvic Girdle is composed to two coxal (hip) bones.

The coxal bones are also called innominate bones.

What is its function?

16PatellaThe patella or kneecap is a large, triangular sesamoid bone between the femur and the tibia. What is its function?

17Activity 3 (Team task) To help you with this task you will need post-it notes and a diagram of the skeleton (here/use the QR code)

http://bit.ly/5KvJGXGet Body Smart A&P resource

Identify the following roles in your team:Skeleton modelResearcherPost-it assistants

Write the anatomical names of the bones on a post-it note and put on your model! You get 2 practice rounds before the competition. 18On your own

Without using your notes, write a paragraph on at least two of the functions of the skeleton.

Remember to include:

A definition of the functionA description of what that definition means in your own wordsRelate the function to an example of a boneExplain the use of this function in a sport

Activity 4 (Individual task)Terms for locations (Worksheet/additional task)AnteriorSuperiorDistalProximalMedialLateralPosteriorInferior20LocationsTo the front or in frontTo the rear or behindTowards the mid-lineAway from the mid-lineNear to the root of originAway from the root of originAboveBelow

21Additional Reading/Watching These resources will help with your assignment you should use them to reinforce what you have learnt, help develop your knowledge or complete further research. Hopefully these actions will help you work towards the higher Merit/Distinction grades!http://bit.ly/1y3iGCB YouTube - introduction to the role of the Skeletal System

http://bit.ly/5KvJGXGet Body Smart A&P resource

22Further resourcesTextbooksAdams M et al BTEC Level 3 National Sport (Development, Coaching and Fitness) OR Sport & Exercise Sciences Student Book (Pearson, 2010) Howley E T and Franks B D Health Fitness Instructors Handbook (Human Kinetics Europe, 2003)Palastanga N Anatomy and Human Movement (Butterworth-Heinemann, 2006) Sharkey B J and Gaskill S E Fitness and Health (Human Kinetics, 2006) Stafford-Brown J et al BTEC National Sport and Exercise Science (Hodder Arnold, 2007) Tortora G J and Derrickson B H Principles of Anatomy and Physiology (John Wiley and Sons, 2008)

JournalsAmerican College of Sport Medicines Health and Fitness Journal / British Journal of Sports Medicine / Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews / International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching / Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise / Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

WebsitesAmerican College of Sports Medicine www.acsm.orgBritish Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences www.bases.org.ukHuman Kinetics www.humankinetics.comSport Science www.sportsci.orgTop End Sports www.topendsports.com