Sir Charles Chaplin

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Sir Charles Chaplin. His Life and Times. Charlie Chaplin. James Agee wrote of Chaplin, “the finest pantomime, the deepest emotion, and the richest and most poignant poetry were in [his] work. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Sir Charles Chaplin

  • Sir Charles ChaplinHis Life and Times

  • Charlie ChaplinJames Agee wrote of Chaplin, the finest pantomime, the deepest emotion, and the richest and most poignant poetry were in [his] work.Andrew Sarris called Chaplin the single most important artist produced by the cinema, certainly its most extraordinary performer, and probably still its most universal icon.

  • Chaplins MotherCharlie always cited his own mother as a great inspiration.Hannah was a singer and character comedienne in the British music halls. Hannah Chaplin

  • Hannah ChaplinSadly her career was blighted on and off by ill health, and it was when her voice failed during one particular performance that the young Charlie Chaplin got his first taste of performing - he went on as an impromptu replacement.

  • Hannah ChaplinHer health continued to decline and she found herself making a poor living as a seamstress and was eventually put into a mental hospital. Her other children were Sydney Chaplin, and Wheeler Dryden - both by different fathers.

  • Hannah ChaplinCharlie and Syd brought her over to live with them in the U.S for the last seven years of her life. 1865-1928

  • Charlies FatherThe senior Charles Chaplin married Hannah in 1885 and took to the stage professionally a year later. He was well known as a comic singer.

    Charles Chaplin

  • Charles Chaplin, Sr.His marriage to Hannah did not last long, and soon he was living with his mistress. Charlie had little contact with his father, except for a short period when Hannah was in a mental hospital.

  • Charles Chaplin, Sr.Alcoholism was a common problem amongst many music hall stars of the period, and it was this that eventually killed Chaplin's father at such a young age.1863-1901

  • Chaplins ChildhoodCharles Spencer Chaplin was born on April 16th, 1889, in Walworth, LondonHis childhood, included extreme poverty, workhouses, and seeing his mother's mental decline put her into an institution. Chaplin Before Success

  • Chaplins CareerHe joined the Eight Lancashire Lads, and this eventually led to Sherlock Holmes and Casey's Court Circus. Eventually Charlie joined his brother in the Fred Karno Company.Chaplin in Karno Show

  • Chaplins CareerKarno was almost a college of comedy for them, and the period had a huge impact on Charlie especially.In 1910 Charlie toured the U.S with the Karno group and returned for another tour in 1912.Chaplin 1913

  • Chaplins CareerIt was on this tour that he was discovered by Mack Sennett and his Keystone Film Company. His first film, in 1914, was aptly titled Making A Living.Chaplin and Sennett in 1948

  • Chaplins CareerHis success was such that he was able to move from one company to another, each time on to a better deal.

  • Chaplins CareerIn 1915 , after thirty-five films, he moved to Essanay.It was here he really found his feet, not to mention his longest serving leading lady, Edna Purviance.The Champion, The Tramp and The Bank. Edna Purviance

  • Chaplins CareerIn 1916 he moved to Mutual, with even greater control and financial rewards. At Mutual he made the definitive Chaplin short comedies, The Rink, Easy Street, The Cure and The Immigrant.

  • Chaplins CareerFirst National was next, and it was here he constructed his full length masterpiece, The Kid.Shorter comedies of note at this time included Sunnyside and The Idle Class.

  • The Big FourAlong with his great friend, Douglas Fairbanks, as well as Mary Pickford and D.W Griffith, Chaplin formed United Artists in 1919. "So, the lunatics have taken over the asylum!"

  • Chaplins CareerHe made his first film for them in 1923, the Edna Purviance vehicle, A Woman of Paris, perhaps the least known of his films, but it was followed by the Chaplin classics - The Gold Rush, The Circus, City Lights and Modern Times.

  • Chaplins CareerIt wasn't until 1940 that he made his first talkie, The Great Dictator, to be followed by the more refined Monsieur Verdoux and Limelight, a look back to the music hall world of his youth.

  • Chaplins CareerLimelight (1952) was the last film he made in America.McCarthyite political maneuverings effectively ejected him from the country and he wasn't to return until 1972, when he received a special Academy Award.

  • Chaplins CareerIn the meantime, though heartily welcomed back to Britain, he moved to Switzerland with his wife, Oona O' Neill, and their children. He made two more films, A King In New York (1957) and A Countess From Hong Kong (1967).

  • Chaplins Final DaysHe spent his final years writing music for his films and enjoying his family life.He died, at 4 a.m on Christmas Day in 1977.Les Quais de Vevey

  • Chaplins Half-BrotherCharlie and Sydney were very close and looked out for each other from their young days. Though younger, it was Charlie that got onto the stage first, in a play, Sherlock Holmes, but it wasn't long before Syd joined the tour. Sydney Chaplin

  • Syd ChaplinFred Karno signed up Sydney, who then recommended Charlie, giving him his biggest break. After Charlie left Keystone, he suggested Sydney as his replacement, and he made a few comedies there.Fred Karno

  • Syd ChaplinSoon he was handling the majority of Charlie's business affairs, negotiating most of his big contracts and appearing in a few films during the First National era.1885-1965

  • Charlies First WifeMarried in 1918 after Mildred believed she was pregnant - it was a false alarm. She did later give birth to Charlie's first child, who only lived for three days. Mildred Harris

  • Mildred HarrisTheir divorce, in 1920, was acrimonious. Mildred was an actress who appeared in a few films such as The Inferior Sex and For Husbands Only.

  • Charlies Second WifeShe played an angel in The Kid and a maid in The Idle Class. She started out as the leading lady for The Gold Rush before falling for Charlie and then falling pregnant.

    Lita Grey

  • Lita GreyShe had two children by him, Charles Jr. and Sydney Earl. This marriage (1924-1927) also came to a bitter end in court. Lita carried on in Vaudeville successfully, but had problems with alcohol. 1908-1995

  • Charlies Third WifeHis third marriage lasted from 1936 to 1942 She appeared in two of Chaplins films: Modern Times and The Great Dictator

    Paulette Goddard

  • Paulette GoddardThough Charlie and Paulette divorced, it was by all accounts, on amicable terms. 1911-1990

  • Charlies Last WifeWhen Charlie married Oona in June 1943, he at last found true happiness, and it seems they had both found their soul mates, despite the fact that Oona was only 18, and Charlie was 53.

  • Oona ONeillThey met when Charlie considered her for a part in an unmade film, Shadow and Substance (during 1942) and were inseperable from then on. Oona's father was the famous playwright Eugene O'Neill.

  • Chaplins FamilyTogether they had eight children (Geraldine, Michael, Josephine, Victoria, Eugene, Jane, Annette and Christopher).

  • Chaplin and OonaShe supported him totally throughout a particularly harrowing court case in the 40's and when he was exiled from the U.S. in 1952, when she renounced her American citizenship for British, though they made their home in Switzerland. She died on September 27, 1991.Vevey, Switzerland