Short Story Writing
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Transcript of Short Story Writing
- 1. The Soil TillersThe Soil Tillers LITERARY FESTIVALLITERARY FESTIVAL 20152015 BUSAL: Expression of Freedom andBUSAL: Expression of Freedom and TruthTruth
- 2. SHORT STORYSHORT STORY WRITINGWRITING By: Mr. Fernando A. Dionisio, JrBy: Mr. Fernando A. Dionisio, Jr..
- 3. SHORT STORY It is an artistic form of prose fiction which is centered on a single main incident whose aim is to produce a single dominant impression.
- 4. What makes short story different from other prose fiction particularly novel?
- 5. A novel can take a more meandering path but writing short storiesmeans beginning as close to the climax as possible everything else is a distraction.
- 6. A short story conserves characters and scenes, typically by focusing on just one conflict, anddrives towards a sudden, unexpected revelation.
- 7. How to Write a Short Story
- 8. Collect ideas for your story
- 9. Collect ideas for your story Experience usually helps to build good plots.
- 10. Find inspiration from real people
- 11. Find inspiration from real people Keep the amazing, the unusual, the strange, the irrational stories you hear and use them for your own purposes. If you have trouble understanding or finding attributes of a character, turn to your life. You can easily borrow attributes of people you know or even strangers you notice.
- 12. Write a Catchy First Paragraph
- 13. Write a Catchy First Paragraph The first sentence of your narrative should catch your readers attention with the unusual, the unexpected, an action, or a conflict. Begin with tension and immediacy. Remember that short stories need to start close to their end.
- 14. Note the difference. I heard my neighbor through the wall. - Dry and uninteresting The neighbor behind us practiced scream therapy in his shower almost every day. -The second sentence catches the readers attention. Who is this guy who goes in his shower every day and screams? Why does he do that? What, exactly, isscream therapy? Lets keep reading
- 15. Write a Catchy First Paragraph
- 16. Developing Characters In order to develop a living, breathing, multi-faceted character, it is important to know way more about the character than you will ever use in the story.
- 17. Here is a partial list of character details to help you get started. Name Age Job Ethnicity Appearance Residence Pets Religion Hobbies Single or married? Children? Temperament Favorite color Friends Favorite foods Drinking patterns Phobias Faults Something hated? Secrets? Strong memories? Any illnesses? Nervous gestures? Sleep patterns
- 18. For example, lets say I want to develop a college student persona for a short story that I am writing. What do I know about her? Her name is Jen, short for Jennifer Mary Johnson. She is 21 years old. She is a fair-skinned Norwegian with blue eyes, long, curly red hair, and is 5 feet 6 inches tall. Contrary to the stereotype about redheads, she is actually easygoing and rather shy. She loves cats and has two of them named Bailey and Allie. She is a technical writing major with a minor in biology. Jen plays the piano and is an amateur photographer. She lives in the dorms at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire. She eats pizza every day for lunch and loves Red Rose tea. She cracks her knuckles when she is nervous. Her mother just committed suicide.
- 19. Choose a Point of View
- 20. First Person. The story is told from the view of I. The narrator is either the protagonist (main character) and directly affected by unfolding events, or the narrator is a secondary character telling the story revolving around the protagonist. Choose a Point of View
- 21. Second Person. The story is told directly to you, with the reader as a participant in the action. You laughed loudly at the antics of the clown. You clapped your hands with joy. Choose a Point of View
- 22. Third Person. The story tells what he, she, or it does. The third-person narrators perspective can be limited (telling the story from one characters viewpoint) or omniscient (where the narrator knows everything about all of the characters). Choose a Point of View
- 23. Write Meaningful Dialogue
- 24. Dialogue is what your characters say to each other (or to themselves). Each speaker gets his/her own paragraph, and the paragraph includes whatever you wish to say about what the character is doing when speaking. Write Meaningful Dialogue
- 25. Where are you going? John cracked his knuckles while he looked at the floor. To the racetrack. Mary edged toward the door, keeping her eyes on Johns bent head. Not again, John stood up, flexing his fingers. We are already maxed out on our credit cards. Where are you going? John cracked his knuckles while he looked at the floor. To the racetrack. Mary edged toward the door, keeping her eyes on Johns bent head. Not again, John stood up, flexing his fingers. We are already maxed out on our credit cards.
- 26. Use Setting and Context
- 27. Rather than feed your readers information about the weather, population statistics, or how far it is to the grocery store, substitute descriptive details so your reader can experience the location the way your characters do. It can be helpful to make some sort of time-line to help you decide what should happen when and where. Use Setting and Context
- 28. Set Up the Plot
- 29. Your story should consist at least of an introduction, initiating incident, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. You can draw or write a visual with very simple descriptions of what should happen in each of these stages. Having this done will help you keep focused when writing the story, and you can easily make changes to it, so that you are able to keep a steady flow as you write the full story. Set Up the Plot
- 30. If you are having trouble deciding on a plot, try brainstorming. Suppose you have a protagonist whose husband comes home one day and says he doesnt love her any more and he is leaving. What are actions that can result from this situation? She becomes a workaholic. Their children are unhappy. Their children want to live with their dad. She moves to another city. She gets a new job. They sell the house. She meets a psychiatrist and falls in love. He comes back and she accepts him. He comes back and she doesnt accept him. She commits suicide. He commits suicide. She moves in with her parents. The next step is to select one action from the list and brainstorm another list from that particular action.
- 31. Conflict is the fundamental element of fiction, fundamental because in literature only trouble is interesting. Conflict produces tension that makes the story begin. Tension is created by opposition between the character or characters and internal or external forces or conditions. By balancing the opposing forces of the conflict, you keep readers glued to the pages wondering how the story will end Create Conflict and Tension
- 32. Possible Conflicts Include: The protagonist against another individual The protagonist against nature (or technology) The protagonist against society The protagonist against God The protagonist against himself or herself.
- 33. This is the turning point of the storythe most exciting or dramatic moment. It is the moment the reader has been waiting for. In Cinderellas case, the payoff is when the slipper fits. Build to a Crisis or Climax
- 34. In short fiction, it is difficult to provide a complete resolution and you often need to just show that characters are beginning to change in some way or starting to see things differently. Find a Resolution
- 35. Lets go to work!