Shivaji maharaj

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Maratha Samrajya Maratha Confederacy1674 1820

Maharajas1 2 3 4

Flag

5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Shivaji I (leader from 1 Sambhaji I (1680-1689) Rajaram (1689-1700). Y Tarabai (regent 1700-1 Shahu I (1708-1749). S Ramaraja (1749-1777). Shahu II (1777-1808). S Pratapsinh (1808-1839 Shahaji III (1839-1848) 1848 to Great Britain Pratapsinh I (adopted) Rajaram III Pratapsinh II Raja Shahu (1918 - 195 Pratapraje (1950-1978) Udayanraje Bhonsle (1

Political Map of South Asia around 1758 AD

Capital

1st Rajgadh & then shifted to Raigadh

Language(s) Government Chattrapathi

Marathi Monarchy - 1674-1680 Shivaji - 1681-1689 Sambhaji - 16891700 Rajaram - 17001707 Tarabai - 17071747 Shahu - 17471777 Ramaraja History

- Established - Ended Area

April 21, 1674 September 21, 1820 1,000,000 km (386,102 s q mi)

Population - 1700 est. 150,000,0 00 Hon, Rupee, Paisa, Mohor

Currency

The Maratha Empire (Marathi: Marh Smrjya; also transliterated Mahratta) or the Maratha

Confederacy was a Hindu state located in present-day India. It existed from 1674 to 1818. At its peak, the empire's terri

Contents[hide] 1 Brief History

2 Chhatrapati Shivaji (c. 1645-1680) 3 Sambhaji (c 1681-1689) 4 Rajaram and Tarabai (c 1689-1707) 5 Shahu (c 1707-1749) 6 Ramchandra Pant Amatya Bawdekar (1650-1716) 7 Peshwa Baji Rao I (1720-1740) 8 Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao (1740-1761) 9 The Decline of the Empire 10 Legacy of the Empire 11 Maratha rulers 11.1 The Royal House of Chhatrapati Shivaji 11.2 The Royal House of Kolhapur 11.3 Peshwa 12 See also 13 Notes 14 References

Brief History

After a lifetime of exploits and guerrilla warfare with Adilshah of Bijapur and Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, the local king S

The Maratha Empire was at its height in the 18th century under Shahu and the Peshwa Baji Rao I. Losses at the Third B

Chhatrapati Shivaji (c. 1645-1680)Shivaji

Chhattrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosale, founder of the Maratha Confederacy

The Hindu Marathas long had lived in the Desh region around Satara, in the western portion of the Deccan plateau, whe

Sambhaji (c 1681-1689)

This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable s material may be challenged and removed. (February 2009)

Shivaji had two sons: Sambhaji and Rajaram. Sambhaji, the elder son, was very popular among the courtiers. He was a

When they were brought face to face with Aurangzeb, the latter offered to let Sambhaji live if he surrendered all the Mar

Rajaram and Tarabai (c 1689-1707)

Rajaram, Sambhaji's brother, now assumed the throne. Satara, whence Rajaram had moved the capital, came under sie

Malwa was a decisive battle for the Maratha empire. The Mughals lost their eminent position on the Indian subcontinent

Shahu (c 1707-1749)

The extent of Maratha Empire

After Emperor Aurangzeb's death in 1707, Shahuji, son of Sambhaji (and grandson of Shivaji), was released by Bahadu

In 1713 Farrukhsiyar had declared himself Mughal emperor. His bid for power had depended heavily on two brothers, kn

An army of Marathas commanded by Parsoji Bhosale, and Mughals, marched up to Delhi unopposed and managed to d

Maratha Emperors (1674-1818)Shivaji Sambhaji RajaramQueen Tarabai (1674 - 1680) (1680 - 1689) (1689 - 1700) (1700 - 1707) (1707 - 1749) (1749 - 1777)

Shahu Ramaraja

The Peshwas (Prime Ministers) (1712-1818) Balaji Vishwanath Bajirao Balaji Bajirao Madhavrao Ballal Narayanrao Raghunathrao Sawai Madhavrao Bajirao II Nana Sahib(1712-1719) (1719-1740) (1740-1761) (1761-1772) (1772-1773) (1773-1774) (1774-1795) (1795-1851) (1851-1857)

(Peshwa period: 1689-1708)Ramchandra Pant Amatya Bawdekar was a court administrator who rose from the ranks of a local Kulkarni to the ranks

When Chatrapati Rajaram fled to Jinji in 1689 leaving Maratha empire, he gave a "Hukumat Panha" (King Status) to Pa

He received military help from the great Maratha warriors - Santaji Ghorpade and Dhanaji Jadhav. On many occasions h

In 1698, he happily stepped down from the post of "Hukumat Panha" when Rajaram offered this post to his wife to Tara

But owing to his loyalty to Tarabai against Shahuji (who was supported by more local satraps), he was sidelined after ar Peshwa Baji Rao I (1720-1740)

After Balaji Vishwanath's death in April, 1719, his son, Baji Rao I was appointed as Peshwa by Chattrapati Shahuji, one

Shrimant Baji Rao Vishwanath Bhatt (August 18, 1699- April 25, 1740), also known as Baji Rao I, was a noted general w Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao (1740-1761)

Baji Rao's son, Balaji Bajirao (Nanasaheb), was appointed as a Peshwa by Shahuji. The period between 1741 and 1745

Nanasaheb encouraged agriculture, protected the villagers, and brought about a marked improvement in the state of the

Eighteenth century painting of a Maratha Soldier ( by Franois Balthazar Solvyns)

The Decline of the Empire

The Peshwa sent an army to challenge the Afghan led alliance of Indian Muslims that included Rohillas, Shujah-ud-dow

Even today the phrase in Marathi, "meet your Panipat", has a similar meaning as the phrase "meet your Waterloo" does

After 1761, young Madhavrao Peshwa tried his best to rebuild the empire in spite of his frail health. In a bid to effectively

In 1775 the British East India Company, from its base in Bombay, intervened in a succession struggle in Pune, on beha

The last Peshwa, Nana Sahib, born as Govind Dhondu Pant, was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. He was one o

Today the spirit of the Maratha Empire is preserved in the Indian state of Maharashtra, "Great Nation", which was create

Legacy of the Empire

Ruins of the Raigad fort, which served as a capital for Maratha Empire

Often painted as a kind of loose military organization, the Maratha empire was actually revolutionary in nature. It brough

From its onset, Religious tolerance and religious pluralism were important pillars of the nation-state since they were fund

The Maratha Empire was unique in that it did not adhere to the caste system. Here, the Brahmins (Peshwe) were the pr

Since its start, many people of talent were brought into the leadership of the Maratha Empire which made it one of the m The empire also created a significant navy. At its height this was led by the legendary Kanhoji Angre.

The Marathas militarily controlled huge tracts. Their policy of religious tolerance gave equal importance to Hindu interes

Maratha rulersThe Royal House of Chhatrapati Shivaji

See also Bhosale family ancestryChhatrapati Shivaji (1630-1680) Chhatrapati Sambhaji (1657-1689) Chhatrapati Rajaram (1670-1700) Queen Tarabai Chhatrapati Shahu (alias Shivaji II, son of Chhatrapati Sambhaji) Chhatrapati Ramaraja (nominally, grandson of Chhatrapati Rajaram and Queen Tarabai))

The Royal House of KolhapurQueen Tarabai (wife of Chhatrapati Rajaram) in the name of her son Shivaji II Chhatrapati Sambhaji (son of Chhatrapati [Rajaram] from his second wife) Chhatrapati Shahu IV of Kolhapur

PeshwaSonopant Dabir (1640-1674) Moropant Trimbak Pingle (1674-1683) Moreshwar Pingale (1683-1689) Ramchandra Pant Amatya (1689-1708) Bahiroji Pingale (1708-1711) Parshuram Tribak Kulkarni(Pant Pratinidhi) (1711-1713)

Balaji Vishwanath (1713-1720) Baji Rao I (1720-1740) (son of Balaji Vishwanath) Balaji Bajirao (son of Bajirao I) Peshwa Madhavrao (2nd son of Balaji Bajirao) Narayanrao Peshwa (3rd son of Balaji Bajirao) Raghunathrao Peshwa (brother of Balaji Bajirao) Sawai Madhavrao Peshwa (son of Narayanrao) Chimnajee Madhavarao (26 May 1796 - 6 Dec 1796) (brother of Bajirao II, adopted by Madhavrao II's wife) Bajirao II (son of Raghunathrao) Nana Sahib Peshwa the second (adopted son of Bajirao II)

Amritrao (Brother of Bajirao II), Peshwa for a short period during Yashwantrao Holkar's rule on Pune. Bajirao wa

Maharajas

aji I (leader from 1655, Maharaja 1674-1680) bhaji I (1680-1689). Eldest son of Shivaji I. am (1689-1700). Younger son of Shivaji I. bai (regent 1700-1708). Wife of Rajaram. u I (1708-1749). Son of Sambhaji I. araja (1749-1777). Grandson of Rajaram and Tarabai; adopted son of Sha u II (1777-1808). Son of Ramaraja. psinh (1808-1839) aji III (1839-1848) to Great Britain psinh I (adopted)

psinh II Shahu (1918 - 1950) praje (1950-1978) anraje Bhonsle (1978 till present)

atta) or the Maratha

18. At its peak, the empire's territories covered much of South Asia.

peror Aurangzeb, the local king Shivaji founded an independent Maratha kingdom in 1674 with Raigad as its capital. Shivaji died in 1680, le

a Baji Rao I. Losses at the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761 suspended further expansion of the empire and reduced the power of the Peshwa

ortion of the Deccan plateau, where the plateau meets the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats mountains. They had resisted incursions in

e by adding citations to reliable sources. Unverifiable

ar among the courtiers. He was a poet, great politician and a great warrior. In 1681, Sambhaji had himself crowned and resumed his father' live if he surrendered all the Maratha forts, turn over all his hidden treasures,disclose the names of all the Mughal officers who had helped

moved the capital, came under siege in 1700 and eventually was surrendered to the Mughals. At about the same time Rajaram died. His wid

sition on the Indian subcontinent forever and the subsequent Mughal Emperors became titular kings. The Marathas emerged as victorious

Shivaji), was released by Bahadur Shah