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  • Shape Your Business For the Future:

    Powering Transformation With Cisco

    Cisco VXI : Delivering The Next Generation of Virtualized Environment

    Herdiman Eka Wijaya 12 June 2012

  • Agenda

    What is Desktop Virtualization ?

    What is Virtualization Experience Infrastructure (VXI) ?

    Solving Challenges with VDI

    VXI Network Deployment Case

    VXI End-To-End System Architecture

  • Problems with Traditional Desktops

    Manage apps & OS on every device

    Moves, adds, changes take days / weeks

    Expensive hardware refresh

    Ad-hoc data recovery

    Hard-to-secure distributed assets

    Limited workplace flexibility

  • What is Desktop Virtualization ?

    Personal Computer is disaggregated

    Keyboard, Video, and Mouse stay with user

    Compute and storage move to the data center

    Compute Storage

    Keyboard, Video, Mouse

    Network

    Thin Client

    Display Protocol

    Network availability is required for all application access

    Network performance is critical to user experience

  • Desktop Virtualization Business Drivers

    Desktop Virtualization SolutionsChallenges/Drivers

    Data Loss Prevention and Compliance

    Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity

    Cost Redution and GREEN IT

    Simplified Desktop and Application Management

     Desktop and application data centralization at data center

     Desktops as a Secure Service

     Continuous avaliability of desktops by making High Avaliability and disaster recovery solutions more simpler, faster and reliable

     Win7 migrations, provide OS upgrades without endpoint HW upgrade costs

     Replace “thick-client” PC with centralized VDI Desktops for better control and efficient management

     Less power consumption with thin clients

     Central management  Accelerate roll-out of new dekstops, applications and

    patches

  • New Collaborative Workspace

  • Cisco Virtualization Experience Infrastructure (VXI)

    Desktop Virtualization

    VDI Virtual Desktop Infrastructure

    Cisco VXI

    End-to-End System

    Rich Media Voice & Video

    Enhanced Security

    Application Acceleration

    POE & Energy Wise

  • Hypervisor

    MS Office

    Virtualized Data Center

    ACEUnified CM

    Quad

    ASA Nexus 1000v

    Virtual Security Gateway

    WAAS

    Cisco Collaboration Applications

    Compute

    UCS

    AnyConnect

    = Cisco Products

    Virtualized Collaborative Workspace

    Cisco VXC 6215 Thin Client

    Cisco Virtualization Experience Clients

    Cius Business Tablet

    Cisco VXC 4000 PC Client

    Cisco VXC 22xx & 21xx Zero Client

    AnyConnect

    WAAS

    Virtualization-Aware Borderless Network

    Routing PoE

    Switching

    SiSi

    CDN

    Cisco®

    Identity Services Engine

    End-to-End Management and Optimization

    Desktop Virtualization Software

    Storage

    Applications/Desktop OS

    VXI Architecture : Virtualized Data CenterVXI Architecture : Virtualized End-to-End Solution

  • Desktops & Apps

    as a

    Service

    Desktop Virtualization as Services

  • Connect to Connection Broker

    1

    Thin Client

    Thick Client

    Smartphone/iPad

    Identify

    target

    VM

    2 Start

    target

    VM

    4 Query for

    user policy 3

    Display Protocol

    Authentication

    Connection Broker

    Active Directory

    Virtual Infrastructure Management

    5 Return

    VM to

    endpoint

    Virtual Infrastructure

    Connect

    VM to

    endpoint

    6 7 Successful

    connection

    Desktop Virtualization Components

  • Virtualization Architecture

    Cisco UCS

  • Desktop and Application Virtualization

    Citrix XenDesktop VMWare View

    Citrix XenApp VMWare ThinApp

  • Desktop

    Empty Windows Virtual Desktop #N

    Windows OS

    VMTools

    AgentEmpty Windows Virtual Desktop #1

    Windows OS

    VMTools

    Agent

    Cisco UCS with Hypervisor

    Profile decoupled from desktop OS using tools like AppSense

    Desktop provisioned with minimal or fixed set of applications installed

    Applications reside on File (VMware) or Streaming Server (Citrix)

    Administrator manages one master copy of an application that is streamed at run time

    Application Streaming Server Profile

    Display Connection #1 Display Connection

    #N

    Data

    Hosted Virtual Desktop With Streamed Virtual Application

  • Computing and Storage

    Desktop Data

    User Data

    Storage Arrays

  • Virtual Desktop Density with Cisco UCS B230 M2

    175 Desktops on B230 M2

    •Knowledge Worker Profile

    •384 G memory, Dual E7-2870 / 10 Core CPU

    Industry-leading Density on

    2-socket servers

  • Hypervisor

    MS Office

    Virtualized Data Center

    ACEUnified CM

    Quad

    ASA Nexus 1000v

    Virtual Security Gateway

    WAAS

    Cisco Collaboration Applications

    Compute

    UCS

    AnyConnect

    = Cisco Products

    Virtualized Collaborative Workspace

    Cisco VXC 6215 Thin Client

    Cisco Virtualization Experience Clients

    Cius Business Tablet

    Cisco VXC 4000 PC Client

    Cisco VXC 22xx & 21xx Zero Client

    AnyConnect

    WAAS

    Virtualization-Aware Borderless Network

    Routing PoE

    Switching

    SiSi

    CDN

    Cisco®

    Identity Services Engine

    End-to-End Management and Optimization

    Desktop Virtualization Software

    Storage

    Applications/Desktop OS

    VXI Architecture : Virtualization-Aware NetworkVXI Architecture

  • Virtualization Aware Network

    VM

    VM VM VM

    VM VM VM VM

    Security

    Optimization

    Availability

    Display protocol over the Network

    Data Center

  • Load-Balancing with Cisco ACE For Rapid Concurrent or Simultaneous User Logons

    Cisco Application Control Engine (ACE) to accelerate and scale connection broker

    Offloading SSL processing from the connection broker

    ACE Load Balancer

    Mobile Teleworker

    Connection Broker Serverfarm

    Virtual IP

    Thick client

    Thin Client

    Endpoint (LAN user)

  • Solving VDI Challenges

    • Display protocol not designed for Rich media streaming, voice/video, remote access often less than optimal

    – Performance: Voice/Video cannot be prioritized by QoS

    – Jitter: Voice traffic must go round trip

    • Bandwidth: Each “new” copy streamed for each additional DV client = branch WAN bandwidth overruns

    Quality of user experience

    Virtualized Data Center

    Virtualization Aware Network

    Virtualized Collaboration Workplace

    Display Protocol

    Current display protocols are opaque to network services

    The key to applying services is to separate the flows

  • Improving User Experience through WAAS in Virtualization Aware Network

    End-users experiences no pixelization

    T1

    Branch Router

    Branch Office

    Virtualized

    Data Center

    Video Source

    Branch WAE Data Center WAE

    WAN Acceleration for Display Protocol

    Edge Router

    End-users see pixelization as media is rendered from the data center

    Optimization of virtual desktop protocols – e.g Citrix ICA and RDP through

    - latency mitigation - reduction of bandwidth, - optimization for MMR and USB Redirect for rich media

    and USB peripherals (Printing)

  • User Experience improved with WAAS

    • WAAS improves Citrix ICA and Microsoft RDP significantly

    Protocol Vendor Transport Bandwidth

    without WAAS

    (Approx)

    Bandwidth

    with WAAS

    (Approx)

    Remote Desktop

    Protocol (RDP)

    Microsoft TCP 3389 384 Kbps 96 Kbps

    Independent

    Computing

    Architecture (ICA)

    Citrix TCP 2598 CGP

    TCP 1494 ICA

    120 Kbps 60 Kbps

    PC over IP (PCoIP) Teradici /

    VMware

    Media – UDP

    50002/4172

    Control – TCP

    50002/4172

    192 Kbps 192 Kbps

  • Media Embedded in Display Protocol – Hairpin Effect

    • Bandwidth explosion

    • Heavy virtual machine processing in data center

    Virtual Desktop

    Virtual Desktop

    Media Manager

    WAN

    Thin Client

    Display Protocol

    Thin ClientDisplay Protocol

    Media Flow

    Media Flow

    Data Center

    Signalling

    Signalling

  • VM-User 1

    VM-User 2

    CUCM

    Virtualization Aware Borderless Network

    Desktop Virtualization Protocol

    Desktop Virtualization Protocol

    Media Flow

    Media Flow

    Data Center

    Signalling

    (SIP)

    Signalling

    (SIP