SERVICE 5NPSUSEONLY NATIONAL PARK NATIONAL REGISTER national park service national register of...
Embed Size (px)
Transcript of SERVICE 5NPSUSEONLY NATIONAL PARK NATIONAL REGISTER national park service national register of...
Fo,m No. 10-300 IRev. 10.74 *
UNITEISFAFLS lLIARTMI.NIULTIIF INiI;RiflI 5NPSUSEONLY NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
NATIONAL REGISTEROF HISTORIC PLACES LECEIVED
INVENTORY-- NOMINATION FORM 1DATE ENTERED
SEE INSTRUCTIONS IN HOWTO COMPLETE NATIONAL REGISTER FORMS TYPE ALL ENTRIES --COMPLETE APPLICABLE SECTIONS
NAME HI STO Ill C
- A. F. Cappelli Block AND/OR COMMON
LOCATION STR EET NUM B ER
263-265 Atwells Avenue - CITY, TOWN - ------- CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT
Providence - VICINIIYOF 112 Edward P. Beard STATE CODE COUNTY CODE
Iflinrlr’ 1 ci nm-I PTovidpncp 007 CLASSIFICATION
CATEGORY OWNERSHIP STATUS PRESENT USE DISTRICT .MUSEUM
2UUIIDINGISI RIVA1E X._COMMERCIAL ..._PARK
._STRUCTURE IN PROGRESS PRIVATE RESIDENCE
PUBLIC ACQUISITION ACCESSIBLE PROCESS RESTRICTED ...GOVERNMENT
,_BEING CONSIDERED UNRESTRICTED
OWNER OFPROPERTY NAME-
- Forum Associates c/o Richard C. Tallo SIRECI & NUMBER
1239 Hartford Avenue I -__________________________________ CIIY.TOWN - --- . STATE
Johnstori. - - VICINIIYOF [fl’çjm T ci nnd 12 q ‘ LOCATION OF LEGAL DESCRIPTION
REGISTRY OF DEEDS,ETC. - CtJa1l
STREEI 2s NUMBER
Providence Rhode Tclpncl 02g1rs REPRESENTATIONIN EXISTING SURVEYS - FJTL
We 5t_$g PXQXIiI.eacil - DA TT
N ay_,_19i6.._- FEDERAL L5TATE -COUNTY DEPOSItORY FOR - -
CITY. TOWN *Prese-p-v-at4enCon sign ProviciaaacL, Rhode IsLand
- - DESCRIPTION
CONDITION CHECK ONE CHECK ONE
XXCELLENT _DETERIORATED UNALTERED LORIGINALSITE
_G000 ._..RUINS X ALTERED _MOVED DATE_______ _EAIR _UNEXPOSL-D
DESCRIBE THE PRESENT AND ORIGINAL IF KNOWN PHYSICAL APPEARANCE Located at the corner of Atwel Is Avenue and DePasquale
Sqdare in Providence’s Federal flu-h section, the A. F. Cappelli Block is a four-story unit of load-bearing masonry construction with heavy timber Framing. Forty feet wide by one-hundred feet long, its hays are arranged in all ci gilt to three ratio. The south and west facades off the building face the street, and are faced with red brick laid in common bond. Tan brick is used for quoin- ing at the corners.
The ground. floor houses the colnmerc:i it enterprises of the building. The floor is divided into two stores, the larger of which opens onto Atwells Avenue. Cast-iron store ‘fronts are still in place. Knee walls have been restored to their original height of three feet. The upper three, stories, designed for residential use, are identical in appearance . The re are seven apartments in the building, six of which are duplexes . Fenestration is organized in uniform vertical rows; however, the proj ecting rows of hay windows are positioned asymmetrca1 ty on the west elevation. The south elevation has one proj ecting hay group located in the center, flanked by a single, vertical row off windows to the right and double row to the left, In contrast to the projecting metal-sheathed bays which feature geometric diamond motifs, ornamental striation, and a strong horizontal subdivision, the windows flush with the wall are given a more severe treatment, emphasizing the fiat wall plane. The openings are cut crisply into rue wail - Flat, brick arches punctuated by slender keystones substi tute for lintels . On the west elevation narrow mullions separate double groups of windows. A diamond motif continues on the Frieze above the fourth floor, the geometric design of which serves to accentuate the pattern of fenestration . racketecl, ornamental cornice in excellent condition and a low parapet wall cap the enti Fe composition. Block- like elements which rest- on top of the parapet at the corners add solidity to the building and further help to en frame the facade. The name of the building’s proprietor and the date of completion appear prominently in cast stone on the topmost sections of the-south and west sides, re S C ct i vely.
Since the Cappelli Block is adj acent on two sides to other commercial structures, the north and east walls cannot be seen -from the street, and never were intended to be. Thus, these ele vations are devo:id of ornamentation and receive only -perfunctory fellestration for ventilation purposes.
The seventy-year-old buldng is presently undergoing ex tensive renovation work and the interior has been gutted. Origi nal supporting members and firewa I ls remain, but the walls have been stripped to their brick foundat ion, to remain as finished walls.
See continuation sheet 1
- FHR-83OoA * 11/78
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR - - - - - HERITAGE CONSERVATION AND RECREATION SERVICE
I-OR HCRSçIJSE ONLY -, ,, ;
RECEIVED / ‘ - - - - H -H i’"NATIONAL REGISTER OFHISTORICPLACES DATE ENTERED. - ‘
INVENTORY--NOMINATIONFORM ‘ -
CONTINUATION SHEET 1 hEM NUMBER 7 PAGE 2
The ground floor ceiling has been lowered to accommodate a new ventilation system. The origi nal tin ceiling is in an advanced state of deterioration. The street floor of. .small hexagonal tile remains. Old paint has been sandhlasted from the cornice and baywindows , and they have been repainted a dark brown . The orig inal window frames are extant, and have been reglazed
‘ SIGNIFICANCE -
PERIOD AREAS OF SIGNIFICANCE --CHECK ANDJUSTIFY BELOW
-- PREHISIORIC _ARCHEOLUGY-PHEIIIS1ORIC _C0MMUNITY PLANNING - LANDSCAPE ARCHIIEC1tJRE _RELIGION
_1400-1499 _ARCHEOLOGY-HISTORIC _CONSERVATION _LAW _SCIENCE
1500- 1599 _ACRICULTURE _ECONOMICS _LITERATURE _SCULPTURE
1600-1699 X_ARCHITECTURE _..EDUCA1ON MILITARY SOCIALJHUMANIIAAIAN
- 700-1799 ARr ENGINEERING _MUSIC _TI-IEATEA -
6001899 XCOMMERCE .EXPL0RA1ION/SFJI LEMENT _YFIILOSOPHV TAANSPORTATION
1900- COMMUNICATIONS _INDUSfRY _POLIIICS/OOVERNMFNf _OTI4ER ISPECIFYI
SPECIFIC DATES 1909 BuILDER/ARCHITECT Antonio F. Cappelli
STATF.MENT OF SIGNIFICANCE
The A. F. Cappelli Block is important for its contribution to the commercial and architectural heritage of the Federal Hill community. The building is a significant example of the mixed-use building type associated WI th tile development of the neighborhood’s commercial district.
The Cappelli family came to America from Italy during the wave of immigration of the 1890’s. Antonio and his brother, Niccolo, settled in Providence’s Federal f-Jill section, a growing community of Italian - immigrants and first-generation Italian Amer icans . The two brothers opened a wholesale wine and liquor bus - mess on Atwells Avenue, then and now Tthe principal commercial thoroughfare on Federal Hill. After a few years the brothers opened their own separate stores. Antonio moved down the street to the northeast corner of Atwells and Arthur Avenues and con
-structed his own building to house his expanding business. The "Importer and Jobber" of "Wines, Liquors, and Olive Oil" 1911 ad vertisement later diversified into the real estate business and became one of the principal builders in the Federal Hill area. After Prohibition put an end to the legitimate liquor business, the Cappel-li Block housed other enterprises integral to the com munity, including successive grocery stores, pharmacies, and meat markets. After 1933 Cappelli remained in the real estate business -
The Cappelli Building is a good example of the mixed-use commercial block built at tue turn of the century. Commercial activities were situated on the ground floor; offices and apart ments were located above. The simplicity and logic of this type of building design is only beginning to he appreciated fully today. In its renovated state the Cappelli Block will retain its mixed- use character.
In an area of primarily claphoarded, balloon-framed, two - and three-story structures, the masonry built Cappelli Block distinguishes itself among its neighbors. By today’s standards a four-story structure is not particularly-tall, but in the Federal Hill of 1909 it was, and is today, one of the tal lest buildings in the area.
See continuation sheet 2
- 11/78 - -
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE iNTERIOR - HCRS
HERITAGE CONSERVATION AND RECREATION SERVICE - / - --- - I - -
- RECEIVED -- - / / -
NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES DATE ENTERED - ,- ‘,
INVENTORY-- NOMINATION FORM - - - - - --
CONTI Nt ATION SHEET 2 ITEM NUMBER s PAGE 2
In late nineteenth century fashion the building’s height is expressed by the use of the base-shaft-capital system of pro portions. From the ground floor store fronts of ornamental metal work rises a sIla ft of three I dent:i cal stories. The strong hori zontal subdiv:dion of the bay windows , in turn, divides the shaft into ‘‘layers." The projecting cornice then serves as the capital of-- a column and finishes tile composition.
The Cappel.ti Block demonstrates a modest, yet skillful and richly detailed solution to the problem of the small-scale commercial buil cling. In i ts newly renovated state the Cappel 11 Building recalls the day of the thri.v i ng clown town commercial district and reflects the recent revi val of the Federal Hill neigh borhood.
MAJOR BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES
- Providence City Directories, 1900-1970
GEOGRAPHICAL DATA ACREAGE OF NOMINATED PROPERTY Le s sthanone UTM REFERENCES
All 91 121 R I 4i1 nI 14 6k Mn nJ BI Li I I I I I I ZONE FASTING NORTHING ZONE EASTING NORTHING
cj I Ill I I I DII I I I Il H I VERBAL BOUNDARY DESCRIPTION -