Serotkin - Relationship Between Self-Actualization and Creativity

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Transcript of Serotkin - Relationship Between Self-Actualization and Creativity

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-ACTUALIZATION AND CREATIVITY AS A SELF-GROWTH PRACTICE by Samara V. Serotkin

A Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of the California Institute of Integral Studies in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Psychology in Clinical Psychology

California Institute of Integral Studies

San Francisco, CA 2010

UMI Number: 3428138

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CERTIFICATE OF APPROVAL

I certify that I have read THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELFACTUALIZATION AND CREATIVITY AS A SELF-GROWTH PRACTICE by Samara V. Serotkin, and that in my opinion this work meets the criteria for approving a dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Doctor of Psychology in Clinical Psychology at the California Institute of Integral Studies.

__________________________________________________ Mera Atlis, Ph.D., Chair Director of Clinical Training, Clinical Psychology

__________________________________________________ Lee Bach, Ph.D., External Reviewer Program Director, Michigan School of Professional Psychology

2010 Samara V. Serotkin

Samara Serotkin [contact info withheld for privacy]

May 27, 2010

Dear Ms. Serotkin:

This letter grants you permission to use up to 5 sample items from the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) reusable test booklet for use in your dissertation. Your credit line should read as follows: Reproduced with permission. POI 1996 EdITS Publishers. Due to certain stipulations in our contract with the authors we cannot grant you permission to reproduce the entire instrument.

This is our standard permission for graduate research dissertations. Please consider this an official response. If you have any further questions please contact me at 1-800-416-1666 or via email at customerservice@edits.net.

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Ellen Philips Permissions Dept

Samara V. Serotkin California Institute of Integral Studies, 2010 Mera Atlis Ph.D., Committee Chair THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-ACTUALIZATION AND CREATIVITY AS A SELF-GROWTH PRACTICE ABSTRACT

Self-actualization is a term used to describe a state of fully realizing ones potentials. Both Abraham Maslow (1959, 1970) and Carl Rogers (1959, 1961) spoke of self-actualization and an innate actualizing tendency all people are born with. A specific type of creativity is hypothesized to be associated with selfactualization by both of these authors: self-actualizing creativity or constructive creativity. This paper explores the relationship between selfactualizing creativity as a self-growth practice and self-actualization levels in a group of 99 volunteers recruited from the Internet to complete an online version of the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI; E. L. Shostrom, 1964) as well as a questionnaire designed by the author to explore self-actualization and creative practices of the participant. No significant relationships were found, potentially due to methodological issues. Future research in this area is recommended to take these methodological issues into account.

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Acknowledgements Completing this dissertation has been quite a journey, and I doubt I could have done it alone. I want to take this opportunity to thank my husband, David, for his unfailing support and patience throughout this process. He always helped me find my path, even when I felt quite lost and doubtful that I would ever complete this project. I am deeply grateful for his contribution to the completion of this journey. I also would like to thank my chair, Mera, for all of her guidance and support. This was a learning process for both of us, and my learning experience was certainly deepened by her contributions. I would also like to thank my family and my friends for all of their help and support. I appreciate every bit of it. Thank you so much. Finally, I would like to thank the little being currently residing in my womb. Thank you so much for your perfect timing and your motivating me through the final push to complete this major undertaking. I am a very fortunate woman to have had all the support and love I have experienced, through this project and beyond. I am grateful to everyone and everything that has put me exactly where I am today.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract ....................................................................................................................v Acknowledgements ................................................................................................ vi List of Tables and Figure ....................................................................................... ix Chapter 1: Introduction ..........................................................................................11 Chapter 2: Review of the Literature......................................................................13 Self-Actualization ..........................................................................................13 Abraham Maslows motivational theory. ..............................................14 Self-actualization in psychotherapy. .....................................................19 Self-actualization research. ...................................................................21 Creativity .......................................................................................................23 The relationship between self-actualization and creativity. ..................25 Self-actualizing (SA) creativity versus special talent (ST) creativity. ..25 Researching self-actualization and creativity........................................28 Chapter 3: Method ................................................................................................36 Procedures .....................................................................................................36 Instruments ....................................................................................................37 Participants ....................................................................................................42 Chapter 4: Results ..................................................................................................46 Analyses ........................................................................................................46 Self-Actualization and POI Scores ................................................................46 Self-Reported Creative Practices ...................................................................49 Creative Attitudes ..........................................................................................51 Creative Practices and Self-Actualization .....................................................60 Chapter 5: Discussion ............................................................................................63 vii

Methodological Concerns and Limitations ...................................................63 Suggestions for Further Research ..................................................................68 References ..............................................................................................................70 Appendix A: Informed Consent .............................................................................77 Appendix B: Participants Bill of Rights ...............................................................79 Appendix C: Demographics Questionnaire ...........................................................80 Appendix D: Creativity Attitudes Questionnaire and Creative Practices Questionnaire .........................................................................................................81 Appendix E: Sample POI Questions and Contact Information .............................83 Appendix F: Recruitment Letter ............................................................................84 Appendix G: Summary of Items Included in Each POI Scale ...............................85 Appendix H: POI Scores Summarized by Top Three Creative Categories ...........86

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LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURE Table 1 Scales and Subscales of the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) ...................... 39 Figure 1 Flow Chart of Participant Selection. Authors image. .......................................... 42 Table 2 Ethnicity, Marital Status, and Employment Status of Participants (N =99) ......... 44 Table 3 Participants Job Types (N = 99) .......................................................................... 45 Table 4 Means and Standard Deviations of the POI Scores .............................................. 47 Table 5 Cronbachs Alphas for POI Scale Scores ............................................................. 48 Table 6 Intercorrelational Matrix for POI Scale Scores .................................................... 50 Table 7 Coding Categories and Criteria for Creative Practices ......................................... 52 Table 8 Frequency of Engagement in Creative Practice(s) (N = 99) ................................. 53 Table 9 Means and Standard Deviations for the Creative Attitudes Scores (N = 99)........ 53 Table 10 Pearson Product Moment Correlations Between the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) Scales and Item 1 of the Creative Attitudes Questionnaire........ 54 Tabl