September 19, 2010 Naohiro Kitano

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China-DAC Study Group Infrastructure: The foundation for Growth and Poverty Reduction China's Sustainable Urban and Regional Infrastructure Development - Roles of International Donors -. September 19, 2010 Naohiro Kitano - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • China-DAC Study Group Infrastructure: The foundation for Growth and Poverty Reduction

    China's Sustainable Urban and Regional Infrastructure Development - Roles of International Donors -September 19, 2010

    Naohiro KitanoEast and Central Asia and the Caucasus Department Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

  • Long-term Vision, New Concepts and Innovative Ideas matterWorld Bank: Partnerships for Innovation Incorporating international best practice in highway planning Supporting cities to address the challenges of rapid motorization and urbanization with sustainable transport systemsADB: Regional cooperation frameworks GMS (Greater Mekong Subregion) CAREC (Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation) economic corridorsJAPAN: Sharing Japans development experiences Comprehensive National Development Plans Sustainable urban transport development Concept of Megalopolis ()Source: CHINA AND THE WORLD BANK: A Partnership for Innovation (2007)

  • The impact of dialogue between Japanese experts and Chinese decision makers on the development of ShanghaiTwenty-eight years ago, the then-President of National Institute for Research Advancement (NIRA), Dr.Atsushi Shimokobe, the mastermind of Japans Comprehensive National Development Plans, made a field trip to Shanghai and neighboring provinces, and presented the concept of Shanghai Economic Zone() to Chinas national and local leaders such as the then-Shanghai Mayor, Mr.Wang Daohan ().Source: http://www.ued.or.jp/shimokobe/index.php http://www.picturechina.com.cn/bbs/thread-6915-1-1.html

  • The impact of dialogue between Japanese experts and Chinese decision makers on the development of ShanghaiDr.Shimokobe analyzed the potential for development of Yangtze River Delta and proposed to transform its center, Shanghai, into an international city connecting inland region and the rest of the world. He also proposed to build world class deep sea port, an international airport and other major infrastructure in Shanghai. Since then he and several other Japanese economists played the role of policy advisors to the Chinese govern-ment.Later on, series of development policies such as Development of Pudong District and large scale infrastructure development contributed to the enormous economic growth of the Shanghai-led Yangtze River Delta mainly through the attraction of FDI.

  • Transformation of Pudong District in Shanghaihttp://swfc-shanghai.com/jp/

  • Infrastructure Development in ShanghaiJapan also supported a number of infrastructure projects in Shanghai through technical assistance (Feasibility Studies) and ODA Loans (Yen Loans). Projects such as Pudong International Airport and the Power Station and Port in Baoshan Steel and contributed to the urban economy of Shanghai.

  • Hainan Planning Commission JICA Joint Study on Hainan Island Integrated Development (1988)Haikou CitySanya CityYangpu Economic Development ZoneSource:http://www.jica.go.jp/english/publications/reports/study/topical/urban/pdf/urban_05.pdfCreating Master Plan (M/P) for Hainan island development until 2005The basic strategy was developing the region as China's largest open economic zone.Participatory approach was introducedPorts and highways were developed by utilizing Japanese ODA Loans based on the M/PHainan East Expressway Expansion ProjectHainan Development Project (Haikou Port) Hainan Development Project (Yangpu Port)

  • Chongqing Monorail Line No.2- Sustainable Urban Transport System -JICA sent the expert team headed by Mr. Misao Sugawara (), a prominent railway engineer, to conduct a feasibility study on Chongqing monorail in 1992. The report was completed in 1994. A straddle-type monorail was recommended; good hill-climbing ability and sharp-bend capability combined with low noise pollution are suited to the route conditions in Chongqing.The L/A was signed in 2001 with the amount of 27.1bil.JPY.The project with the length of 12.5 km completed in 2005.Mr. Sugawara received the State Friendship Award in 2009.http://paper.people.com.cn/rmrbhwb/html/2009-10/12/content_358170.htmhttp://paper.people.com.cn/rmrbhwb/html/2009-10/12/content_358170.htm

  • NDRC JICA Joint Study on Chinas Urbanization PolicyIn late 90s JICA and the State Development Planning Commission (now National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)) jointly conducted a large-scale study on Chinas urbanization policy focusing on the Shanghai led Yangtze River Delta.A number of experts from the two countries participated in the study. The study was published in 2001. It indicated that an urban agglomeration () far exceeding the scale of Tokyo Megalopolis in terms of population will appear in Yangtze River Delta.

  • The Regional Plan for the Yangtze River Delta (2010)Source: SDPC and JICA (2001) Urbanization: Theme of Chinas Modernizationhttp://zfxxgk.ndrc.gov.cn/PublicItemView.aspx?ItemID=%7B41562019-3e9f-4658-bbaf-091ef4f041ee%7DSDPC JICA Study (2001)The report also analyzed the challenges China would face in the process of urbanization and proposed to formulate comprehensive urban policies in order to establish high-density, large-scale, citizen oriented lively society in the megalopolis (). Part of the recommendation was finally introduced by NDRC in the 11th Five Year Plan (2011-2015) and the Regional Plan for the Yangtze River Delta was approved by China's State Council last June.