Security in Niger Delta

download Security in Niger Delta

of 39

  • date post

    29-Oct-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    57
  • download

    1

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Security in Niger Delta

  • Security in the

    Niger Delta

    Monthly Report

    January 2008

  • Bergen Risk Solutions AS (Ltd) Address: PO Box 44 Fantoft, N-5899 Bergen, Norway - Tel: +47 5557 4260, Mob: +47 4823 3022

    Visiting address: Fantoftvegen 38, CMI building, N-5072 Bergen e-mail: mail@bergenrisksolutions.com - www.bergenrisksolutions.com

    2

    Map: 2007 Serious security incidents - as of January 1, 2008

    Black numbers (61 - 68): December attacks

    Report release date: January 3, 2008

    Contents: FOCUS ........................................................................................................................................................................ 3 KEY POINTS ............................................................................................................................................................... 3 NEXT 30 DAYS............................................................................................................................................................ 5 BEYOND 30 DAYS ...................................................................................................................................................... 5 SECURITY ................................................................................................................................................................... 6

    Mail received from MEND spokesman Jomo Gbomo............................................................................. 6 Nigerian oil delta rebels pull out of peace talks .......................................................................................... 6 Military in Air Strike Against Ateke Tom .................................................................................................. 7 Fighting rocks Nigerian oil city .................................................................................................................. 8

    MARITIME .................................................................................................................................................................. 8 44 fishermen, N120m lost to pirates ........................................................................................................... 8

    POLITICS .................................................................................................................................................................... 8 Nigerian leader seeks ratification of Bakassi deal....................................................................................... 8 Yar'Adua Denies Accepting U.S. Africa Command ................................................................................... 9 The Coup Against Nuhu Ribadu ................................................................................................................. 9

    OTHER ISSUES .......................................................................................................................................................... 10 Nigeria's drug trade ................................................................................................................................... 10

    INCIDENT STATISTICS ............................................................................................................................................... 11 SERIOUS SECURITY INCIDENTS 2007 IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER ......................................................................... 13

  • Bergen Risk Solutions AS (Ltd) Address: PO Box 44 Fantoft, N-5899 Bergen, Norway - Tel: +47 5557 4260, Mob: +47 4823 3022

    Visiting address: Fantoftvegen 38, CMI building, N-5072 Bergen e-mail: mail@bergenrisksolutions.com - www.bergenrisksolutions.com

    3

    Focus

    The focus of this report (and its associated security map) is on the international* petroleum industry

    and serious security incidents caused by militants, community based pressure groups and criminal

    gangs operating in the three main oil producing states: Delta, Bayelsa and Rivers. Incidents in

    neighbouring states and on non-oil industries are tracked and mapped based on available sources.

    Serious security incidents are defined as: kidnaps, pipeline bombings, serious crime (armed

    assault/murder/armed robbery) and car bombs.

    * Only attacks on international staff and material assets are included. Listing incidents impacting on local staff/assets would give higher numbers. It would also present serious challenges with regard to overview, and to verifiable and unbiased sources.

    Key Points

    Statistics & Facts

    Eight attacks (incidents no. 61-68) were carried out against international interests in December.

    This is five more than the previous month and a significant increase from last autumns monthly

    averages. (See full stats on pages 11-12.)

    All the attacks in December were marine related, six of which occurred on the Bonny River

    between Bonny Island and Port Harcourt and two off Escravos.

    70 attacks on international industry occurred in 2007, compared to 31 in 2006.

    No foreigners were kidnapped in December, as was also the case in November. Prior to this,

    September 2006 was the latest month without expat-kidnap victims. Nigerians, however,

    continue being taken for ransom and political leverage.

    No international personnel are being held hostage as of December 31.

    167 foreigners were abducted in 46 separate incidents in 2007. 166 were released. One died. 70

    foreigners were abducted in 2006, 69 of which were released alive.

    Security

    Shore based attacks decrease. Maritime incidents are on the rise.

    Since September 27 (Saipem/Aker Base) virtually all attacks on international firms have

    occurred on or near water suggesting militants and criminals alike now prefer maritime hit and

  • Bergen Risk Solutions AS (Ltd) Address: PO Box 44 Fantoft, N-5899 Bergen, Norway - Tel: +47 5557 4260, Mob: +47 4823 3022

    Visiting address: Fantoftvegen 38, CMI building, N-5072 Bergen e-mail: mail@bergenrisksolutions.com - www.bergenrisksolutions.com

    4

    run tactics. Using fast craft they have the upper hand on slow moving Nigerian naval forces,

    securing a safe retreat to their hideouts in the mangrove swamps of the Delta.

    Govt. forces storms Ateke Toms house in Okrika (just SE of Port Harcourt) on Dec 10-12.

    Ateke, leader of the Niger Delta Vigilante and a main player on the areas criminal scene,

    retaliates on the 19th by attacking a ship at Okrika Jetty and storming two Port Harcourt police

    stations, the Presidential Hotel and a night club early New Years Day.

    The peace talks that are expected to lead up to a Niger Delta Summit are in trouble. Several

    groups pull out mid-December following leaked plans of the Government to crush groups who

    will not comply. Still, the plan is not dead quite yet. Lack of strategy, cohesion and unity within

    the ranks of the Deltas political militancy impede peace efforts. (Who are their legitimate

    representatives?) MEND militants in Bayelsa state agreed to a 12 months conditional cease fire

    on Dec 5 but this was later denied by MEND in a statement on Dec 8.

    Secretary General Grand Alliance of Niger Delta (GAND), Commander Samuel Ebiye announced

    his resignation from the group on December 10 due to irreconcilable differences within the

    group.

    The International Crisis Group (ICG), on December 5, issued a report Nigeria. Ending Unrest in

    the Niger Delta warning that the situation may deteriorate even further unless a political

    solution is found. It criticized the Nigerian Government for not having a coherent strategy for

    dealing with the crisis.

    Full list of 2007 security incidents in chronological order on pages 13-38.

    Maritime

    Liberia (on Dec 17) and Norway (Dec 19) raised ISPS security level from level I to level II for

    ships operating in Nigerian coastal waters and ports.

    Politics

    Ruling PDP party sweeps Local Government elections amid low voter turnout. The opposition

    protests, like they did after the April Presidential and State elections.

    US African Command (AFRICOM) YarAdua and Bush meet in Washington on Dec 13: No

    bases on Nigerian soil but the U.S. is still Nigerias most important partner.

  • Bergen Risk Solutions AS (Ltd) Address: PO Box 44 Fantoft, N-5899 Bergen, Norway - Tel: +47 5557 4260, Mob: +47 4823 3022

    Visiting address: Fantoftvegen 38, CMI building, N-5072 Bergen e-mail: mail@bergenrisksolutions.com - www.bergenrisksolutions.com

    5

    Corruption chief Nuhu Ribadu is, controversionally, reassigned/removed on December 28. The

    decision was approved by President YarAdua and has been criticised by Nigerian civil society

    leaders as well as international NGOs.

    President Yar'Adua asked the Senate on Dec 11 to ratify a June 2006 agreement to hand over

    the Bakassi peninsula to Cameroon. Bakassis transfer of sovereignty from Nigeria to Cameroon

    was completed in 2006 as a result of a judgment by the International Court of Justice. On

    November 22, 2007 the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria rejected the transfer. The

    Presidents call was made to defuse tension and reduce the risk of conflict.

    Other

    Port Harcourt International airport reopened on December 18. Day/visual flights only.

    Next 30 days

    The risk of attacks by militant factions, community groups and criminal gangs remains high.

    Groups and individuals who feel they have been left out of the ongoing peace proce