Section 508 Refresh EGuide

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Guía sobre las actualizaciones realizadas a las Directivas de la Sección 508 de Accesibilidad del Gobierno de los Estados Unidos.

Transcript of Section 508 Refresh EGuide

  • Section 508 Refresh: How Will Compliance

    Testing Change

  • Section 508 Refresh: How Will Compliance Testing Change?

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    Introduction Section 508 as we know it is getting a refresh in 2013, which will require government agencies to comply with WCAG 2.0 at a AA level.

    Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 originally required that Federal agencies create, procure, and maintain accessible electronic information.Technology has changed rapidly, leaving gaps in accessibility standards.The upcoming 508 Refresh aims to fill those gaps.

    Digital Accessibility creates a technical system that is accessible to users with disabilities for digital items such as:

    Mobile Devices Digital Documents Website Pages

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    How Can We Prepare for the Update? The challenge for US Federal Government Agencies as the new standards are released is going to be changing the way they understand and validate compliance. Specifically for web accessibility, they will need to re-train their developers and accessibility testers, edit their testing methodologies, and update many of their testing tools.

    Proactive Preparation Be prepared for the update by:

    Understanding WCAG 2.0 and its principles

    Being aware of what will be added to

    the requirements

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    What is WCAG 2.0 WCAG 2.0 is a stable, referenceable technical standard. It has 12 guidelines that are organized under 4 principles: Perceivable, Operable, Understandable, and Robust.

    One of the key objectives of the guidelines is to ensure that content is directly accessible to as many people as possible and capable of being represented in different forms to match different peoples sensory, physical, and cognitive abilities.

    Warning! Some of the features that have been passing accessibility testing will not be acceptable under the new WCAG 2.0 Guidelines.

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    The Standards for Success Under each guideline, there are Success Criteria that specifically describe what must be achieved in order to conform to this standard.

    Each Success Criterion for a guideline has a link to the section of a How to Meet document that provides: Sufficient techniques for meeting the Success

    Criterion Optional advisory techniques Descriptions of the intent of the Success

    Criteria, including benefits and examples. Sufficient and Advisory Techniques

    Warning! Although content may satisfy the Success Criteria, the content may not always be usable by people with a wide variety of disabilities.

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    Perceivable Information and user interface components must be presentable to users in ways which they can perceive.

    This means that users must be able to perceive the information being presented (it cant be invisible to all of their senses).

    Ensure that all pictures have alt text which screen readers can detect.

    Audio or multi-media should have visible text so people who cant hear the spoken word can read it.

    Alternative Text or alt text, is key in providing information for images and multimedia which would other-wise be unavailable to users.

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    Operable User interface components and navigation must be operable.

    This means that users must be able to operate the interface (the interface cannot require interaction that a user cannot perform).

    Users who use a keyboard or other assistive technology should be able to navigate your application. Users must be given enough time to read the page or answer the questions you ask.

    Headings and Labels should always be used to describe the topic or purpose of a pages content.

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    Understandable Information and the operation of user interface must be understandable.

    This means that users must be able to understand the information as well as the operation of the user interface (the content or operation cannot be beyond their understanding).

    Pages need to operate in ways that users can understand and predict.

    Consistent Identification Components that have the same functionality within a set of Web pages should be identified consistently.

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    Robust Content must be robust enough that it can be interpreted reliably by a wide variety of user agents, including assistive technologies.

    This means that users must be able to access the content as technologies advance (as technologies and user agents evolve, the content should remain accessible).

    Assistive Technology is applied to specific components, that aid in accessibility. This technology is found in tools such as:

    Screen Readers Web Applications Videos PDFs

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    3 Levels of Success Each of the 4 guidelines include testable success criteria at three levels: A,AA, and AAA.

    A: Essential to accessibility AA: Acceptable for general accessibility AAA: Can be achieved by content creators

    Level A is the easiest to reach,AAA is the hardest. Compliance with each level builds on the one before. For example, Level AA requires the site to comply with Level A and AA, compliance with Level AAA requires the site to comply with Level A, AA and AAA.

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    Summary of Changes The Section 508 refresh moves from WCAG 2.0 level A requirements to AA requirements.

    Note: although the website may satisfy WCAG 2.0, the content may not always be usable by people with a wide variety of disabilities.

    The content should be tested by those who understand how people with different types of disabilities use the Web.

    It is recommended that users with disabilities be included in test groups when performing human testing.

    Focus of the refresh The main changes of the Section 508 refresh are:

    Keyboard Accessibility Form Errors Live Captions Link Meaning

    refresh

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    Next Steps Does your Agency have a mobile application?

    The number of people using mobile devices and applications is exploding! Many government agencies are creating and deploying apps for their customers and teams. Are your mobile devices accessible to all users?

    Regulatory focus and legal and settlement activity are beginning to focus on the accessibility of mobile applications. Its very important for organizations to evaluate mobile applications to ensure accessibility

    click here to enter!

    or visit http://bit.ly/14AN3wU

    Enter to win a FREE accessibility evaluation! Deque is offering one free accessibility evaluation of an agencys mobile application.

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    Section 508 Refresh: How Will Compliance Testing Change?

    http://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/wcag.php http://www.w3.org/TR/wcag2ict/ http://www.w3.org/TR/wcag2ict/#wcag2ict_comments_principles-guidelines-sc http://www.w3.org/WAI/WCAG20/quickref/ http://www.access-board.gov/sec508/guide/1194.22.htm http://www.access-board.gov/sec508/refresh/draft-rule.htm#_Toc310327562

    Sources:

    About Deque Systems Digital equality is both our mission and our passion. It means ensuring that websites, mobile applications, and other digital content are usable by the elderly and people with disabilities, including those with vision, hearing, motor, and cognitive impairments.

    For over 10 years, Deque has worked alongside major corporations, financial institutions, government agencies, institutions of higher learning, and other organizations to achieve their accessibility goals. Every Deque team member is passionate about the importance of accessibility in the digital world and in helping customers achieve the outcomes that accessibility provides.

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