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### Transcript of Section 4.2 Operations with Functions Section 4.2 Operations with Functions

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Section 4.2 Operations with Functions Section 4.2 Operations with Functions Slide 2 Objectives: 1.To add, subtract, multiply, and divide functions. 2.To find the composition of functions. Objectives: 1.To add, subtract, multiply, and divide functions. 2.To find the composition of functions. Slide 3 EXAMPLE 1 Let f(x) = x 2 9 and g(x) = x + 3. Find (f + g)(x), (f g)(x), fg(x), and f / g (x). (f +g)(x) =f(x) + g(x) =(x 2 9) + (x + 3) =x 2 + x 6 (f +g)(x) =f(x) + g(x) =(x 2 9) + (x + 3) =x 2 + x 6 Slide 4 EXAMPLE 1 Let f(x) = x 2 9 and g(x) = x + 3. Find (f + g)(x), (f g)(x), fg(x), and f / g (x). (f g)(x) =f(x) g(x) =(x 2 9) (x + 3) =x 2 9 x 3 =x 2 x 12 (f g)(x) =f(x) g(x) =(x 2 9) (x + 3) =x 2 9 x 3 =x 2 x 12 Slide 5 EXAMPLE 1 Let f(x) = x 2 9 and g(x) = x + 3. Find (f + g)(x), (f g)(x), fg(x), and f / g (x). (fg)(x) =f(x)g(x) =(x 2 9)(x + 3) =x 3 + 3x 2 9x 27 (fg)(x) =f(x)g(x) =(x 2 9)(x + 3) =x 3 + 3x 2 9x 27 Slide 6 EXAMPLE 1 Let f(x) = x 2 9 and g(x) = x + 3. Find (f + g)(x), (f g)(x), fg(x), and f / g (x). f / g (x) = x 2 9 x + 3 x 2 9 x + 3 (x 3)(x + 3) x + 3 (x 3)(x + 3) x + 3 = = =x 3, if x -3 Slide 7 EXAMPLE 2 Let f(x) = 5x 7 and g(x) = x 2 + 3x 2. Find f(a + b), f(x 2 9), g(4a), and g(3x + 1) f(a + b) =5(a + b) 7 =5a + 5b 7 f(x 2 9) =5(x 2 9) 7 =5x 2 45 7 =5x 2 52 f(a + b) =5(a + b) 7 =5a + 5b 7 f(x 2 9) =5(x 2 9) 7 =5x 2 45 7 =5x 2 52 Slide 8 EXAMPLE 2 Let f(x) = 5x 7 and g(x) = x 2 + 3x 2. Find f(a + b), f(x 2 9), g(4a), and g(3x + 1) g(4a) =(4a) 2 + 3(4a) 2 =16a 2 + 12a 2 g(3x + 1) =(3x + 1) 2 + 3(3x + 1) 2 =9x 2 + 6x + 1 + 9x + 3 2 =9x 2 + 15x + 2 g(4a) =(4a) 2 + 3(4a) 2 =16a 2 + 12a 2 g(3x + 1) =(3x + 1) 2 + 3(3x + 1) 2 =9x 2 + 6x + 1 + 9x + 3 2 =9x 2 + 15x + 2 Slide 9 Composition An operation that substitutes the second function into the first function. In symbols: g f = g(f(x)). Read g f as the composition of g with f or g composed with f. DefinitionDefinition Slide 10 Mapping diagrams provide a useful representation of composition. Let f(x) = 3x 5 and g(x) = x 2 9, and let D f = {5, 3, -1, 0}. 0 3 5 0 3 5 -8 -5 4 10 -8 -5 4 10 55 16 7 91 55 16 7 91 DfDf RfDgRfDg RgRg f 3x 5 g x 2 9 g f Slide 11 From the circle diagram you can see that g f = {(-1, 55), (0, 16), (3, 7), (5, 91)}. A function rule for the composition of two functions could also be used to find the ordered pairs. The rule can be found from the rules of the original functions. To find the rule for the composite function substitute the second function into the first as illustrated in Example 3. From the circle diagram you can see that g f = {(-1, 55), (0, 16), (3, 7), (5, 91)}. A function rule for the composition of two functions could also be used to find the ordered pairs. The rule can be found from the rules of the original functions. To find the rule for the composite function substitute the second function into the first as illustrated in Example 3. Slide 12 Use the rule to check that it obtains the same set of ordered pairs: {(-1, 55), (0, 16), (3, 7), (5, 91)}. Check for the ordered pair (3, 7). (g f)(x) =9x 2 30x + 16 (g f)(3) =9(3 2 ) 30(3) + 16 =81 90 + 16 =7 (g f)(x) =9x 2 30x + 16 (g f)(3) =9(3 2 ) 30(3) + 16 =81 90 + 16 =7=7 Slide 13 EXAMPLE 3 Find (g f)(x) if f(x) = 3x 5 and g(x) = x 2 9. (g f)(x) =g(f(x)) =g(3x 5) =(3x 5) 2 9 =9x 2 30x + 25 9 =9x 2 30x + 16 (g f)(x) =g(f(x)) =g(3x 5) =(3x 5) 2 9 =9x 2 30x + 25 9 =9x 2 30x + 16 Slide 14 Homework: pp. 181-182 Homework: pp. 181-182 Slide 15 A. Exercises Let f(x) = -2x + 7, g(x) = 5x 2, h(x) = x 9. Evaluate the following. 3.f(x 2 ) A. Exercises Let f(x) = -2x + 7, g(x) = 5x 2, h(x) = x 9. Evaluate the following. 3.f(x 2 ) Slide 16 A. Exercises Let f(x) = -2x + 7, g(x) = 5x 2, h(x) = x 9. Evaluate the following. 5.g(3a + b) A. Exercises Let f(x) = -2x + 7, g(x) = 5x 2, h(x) = x 9. Evaluate the following. 5.g(3a + b) Slide 17 A. Exercises If f(x) = -2x + 7, g(x) = 5x 2, and h(x) = x 9, perform the following operations. 11.fh(x) A. Exercises If f(x) = -2x + 7, g(x) = 5x 2, and h(x) = x 9, perform the following operations. 11.fh(x) Slide 18 B. Exercises Let f(x) = x, g(x) = x 7, h(x) = x 2 + 8, k(x) = 5x 4. Find the function rules for the composition functions. 19.g h B. Exercises Let f(x) = x, g(x) = x 7, h(x) = x 2 + 8, k(x) = 5x 4. Find the function rules for the composition functions. 19.g h Slide 19 B. Exercises Let f(x) = x, g(x) = x 7, h(x) = x 2 + 8, k(x) = 5x 4. Find the function rules for the composition functions. 23.k f B. Exercises Let f(x) = x, g(x) = x 7, h(x) = x 2 + 8, k(x) = 5x 4. Find the function rules for the composition functions. 23.k f Slide 20 Cumulative Review 36.Find the amount in a savings account after five years if \$2000 is invested at 5% interest compounded quarterly. Cumulative Review 36.Find the amount in a savings account after five years if \$2000 is invested at 5% interest compounded quarterly. Slide 21 Cumulative Review 37.Use the exponential growth function f ( x ) = C 2 x to find the number of bacteria in a culture after 8 days if there were originally 20 bacteria. Cumulative Review 37.Use the exponential growth function f ( x ) = C 2 x to find the number of bacteria in a culture after 8 days if there were originally 20 bacteria. Slide 22 Cumulative Review 38.Graph the piece function f ( x ) = Cumulative Review 38.Graph the piece function f ( x ) = -1if x -1 x 3 if -1 x 1 xif x 1 -1if x -1 x 3 if -1 x 1 xif x 1 Slide 23 Cumulative Review 39.Find the slope of a line perpendicular to 3 x + 5 y = 6. Cumulative Review 39.Find the slope of a line perpendicular to 3 x + 5 y = 6. Slide 24 Cumulative Review 40.Find A for right triangle ABC with C = 90, a = 2, and b = 3. Cumulative Review 40.Find A for right triangle ABC with C = 90, a = 2, and b = 3.