Screenwall Pavillion

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Design documentation for a pavillion proposal in Barcelona, Spain.

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  • SCREENWALL PAVILLION/Emtech 2010Group 2 | Riyad Al- Joucka . Ali Ferzaneh . Sebastian Partowidjojo . Jens Pedersen

  • 01/30

    Contents

    Page 01/30 Site Review_BarcelonaPage 02/30

    Patterns & GeometryPage 03/30Filtering Pleasant Light Into SpacesPage 04/30Intial Study Models_Circles & ConesPage 05/30

    Experimenting With Geometry & Light FiltrationPage 07/30

    Geometry & Hexagonal MeshesPage 08/30Initial Models_Geometry & Hexagonal MeshesPage 09/30

    Light-Shadow AnalysisPage 10/30

    Parametric Cone Screenwall System

    Page 12/30Entry Points To Site

    Page 13/30Circulations Studies

    Page 14/30Program Functions & Space Generation

    Page 15/30Surface Section Studies

    Page 16/30Screenwall: Light Modulation System

    Page 17/30Page 18/30 Parametric Definition_ Light Modulation SystemPage 19/30 Screenwall: Cone Aperture SystemPage 20/30 Light/Shadow AnalysisPage 21/30 Screenwall Pavillion in ContextPage 22/30 ElevationsPage 23/30 Approaching The PavillionPage 24/30 Entrance to the CafePage 25/30Page 26/30

    Gathering Area

    Page 27/30Page 28/30

    Page 30/30Page 29/30 Pavillion At Night

    Page 06/30Experimenting With Geometry & Light Filtration

    Page 11/30

    Islamic Patterns In Art & Architecture

    Fabrication SystemFabrication System

    Parametric Definition_ Light Modulation System

    Fabrication System

    Conclusion

  • EmTech10_ Group 2 | Riyad Al- Joucka . Ali Ferzaneh . Sebastian Partowidjojo . Jens Pedersen

    SCREENWALL PAVILLION_Barcelona Reloaded

    Introduction

    Screenwall is a pavilion that explores the idea of modulat-ing differentiated light into a space. The process of pattern making, through an exploration in geometry, was of particu-lar interest during the initial steps of the design process. The pavilion consists of different enclosures that divide the spaces according to their program. The walls of these enclosures are parametrically designed to modulate light ac-cording to site-specific conditions. We became interested in the effect that the shadows of these light modulators of-fer to the general experience of the spaces. Our research in patterns and geometry was a prime generator in creat-ing a fabrication system that would allow for construct-ing the spaces according to the different programs of the pavilion. Our goal was to create shaded spaces into which pleasant light is drawn to achieve a dramatic experience.

  • EmTech10_ Group 2 | Riyad Al- Joucka . Ali Ferzaneh . Sebastian Partowidjojo . Jens Pedersen

    SCREENWALL PAVILLION_Barcelona Reloaded 01/30

    Site Review_Barcelona

    View Looking South West

    Pavillion site on Map Showing Sun Path View Looking North East

    The brief asked to design a pavilion to be located at 41 24N, 2 10E, on a site south of the Auditorium Park in Barcelona, Spain. The pavilion is to have spatial organization of different programs adding to a footprint of 300 m2. The site is a beachfront that overlooks the Balearic Sea to the south and the Barcelona skyline towards the north. The pavilion is to have differentiation of openings according to external conditions of the site.

  • EmTech10_ Group 2 | Riyad Al- Joucka . Ali Ferzaneh . Sebastian Partowidjojo . Jens Pedersen

    SCREENWALL PAVILLION_Barcelona Reloaded 02/30Group 2| Riyad Al- Joucka . Ali Ferzaneh . Sebastian Partowidjojo . Jens Pedersen

    Islamic Patterns in Art & Architecture Following our study of the immediate site we pursued a study of the cultural attractions in Barcelona and Spain. One of the main architectural marvels we were interested in was El Hambra Palace in Andalusia,the most prominent of the remains of the Moorish conquest of Spain. Our research lead to the conclusion that the moors utilized geometry to create patterns for more than a mere decorative addition, these patterns were also utilized in Mashrabiya a screen wall typical of Islamic architecture. The research process was directed towards studying Islamic patterns and their applications in screen-walls.

    El Hambra Palace in Cordoba, Spain Jean Nouvelle_ Commercial Building in Qatar

    Lattice work shown in a Mashrabiya Light Modulation of Mashrabiya, Shadow Patterns

  • EmTech10_ Group 2 | Riyad Al- Joucka . Ali Ferzaneh . Sebastian Partowidjojo . Jens Pedersen

    SCREENWALL PAVILLION_Barcelona Reloaded 03/30

    Patterns and GeometryThe lattice craftsman began his design using circles in a hexagonal packing order as a guideline; the circle containing within it all other geometries guaranteed infinite possibilities of potential patterns. Connecting the radii and overlapping produced the complex patterns that are characteris-tic of Islamic art and architecture (Foster 2005). Geometry, being a generator of two-dimensional patterns became a driver of the design process.

    Hexagonal Circle Packing Circles Packed Within a Circle Patterns Start to Evolve By Repitition

    Connection of Tangents Repitition & Overlapping Typical Islamic Pattern

  • EmTech10_ Group 2 | Riyad Al- Joucka . Ali Ferzaneh . Sebastian Partowidjojo . Jens Pedersen

    SCREENWALL PAVILLION_Barcelona Reloaded 04/30

    Filtering Pleasant Light into Spaces

    Le Corbusier_La Tourette InteriorLe Corbusier_Roncahmp Interior

    Le Corbusier_Roncahmp Exterior

    Le Corbusier_La Tourette Light Wells

    Inspired by the dramatic draw of pleasant modulated light of the Mashrabiya, the group became interested in looking into mod-ern architectural tools that provide a similar effect. The design process was greatly influenced by examples of these tools de-signed by masters such as Le Corbusier. We were inspired by Corbusiers light wells in religious monuments such as Ronchamp and La To-urette. We pursued the idea of the modulated light coming into the space as a prime generator of the experience that space provided.

  • EmTech10_ Group 2 | Riyad Al- Joucka . Ali Ferzaneh . Sebastian Partowidjojo . Jens Pedersen

    SCREENWALL PAVILLION_Barcelona Reloaded 05/30

    Initial Study Models_Circles & Cones

    Experimenting with Cones

    Regular Cones Packed Construct a Dome

    The initial study models sought finding a component based system, that would be both structural and light modu-lating. The process was initiated with an interest in finding a pattern within hexagonal circle packing logic. We decided to extrude the circle towards its centre point producing a cone. The cone was used as a brick system to construct forms. The next step was to construct these forms from more uniform cones, which always resulted in a dome shape due to the similarity of angle of the cone sides. The result was too modular and restricting but guided our interest towards a brick system in which each component informs the global geometry.

  • EmTech10_ Group 2 | Riyad Al- Joucka . Ali Ferzaneh . Sebastian Partowidjojo . Jens Pedersen

    SCREENWALL PAVILLION_Barcelona Reloaded 06/30

    Experimenting With Geometry and Light Filtration

    Maximal Circle Packing, Central Attraction Points

    Applying te Pattern to a Screen Wall System Testing the Screen for UV Modulation and Shadows

    Connecting the Radii Produces A Pattern

    Expanding on the idea of using circle packing a guideline to generate patterns, we pursued the idea of maximal circle packing. Maximal circle packing, through computation, allows for packing the most amount of circles in a given geometry by changing the size of the circles, therefore filling the gaps between the circles efficiently. An attractor point allows for making the circles grow in size from that point in a Voronoi spiral (Stephenson 2005). The experiment started with running a circle packing script along a surface, setting a line of attractor points from where smaller circles grow into larger ones. Potentially, having smaller circles meant more porosity within the wall system. We were interested in pursuing that idea to produce a light modu-lating system controlled by attractor points. The pattern was extruded to a 3-dimensional structure, tested for UV ray intensity, and quality of shadows.

  • EmTech10_ Group 2 | Riyad Al- Joucka . Ali Ferzaneh . Sebastian Partowidjojo . Jens Pedersen

    SCREENWALL PAVILLION_Barcelona Reloaded 07/30

    Experimenting With Geometry and Light Filtration

    Physical Model at 1:20 Scale

    To fabricate the digital model that was generated, the individual geometries were unrolled, laser cut and rolled into building blocks. A card-board physical model was constructed for testing the fabrication process. The geometries of the blocks provided the curvature and depth of the overall form, which was particularly interesting. The model proved this system to be too tedious for fabrication, due to the complete uniqueness of the blocks. The rolling also meant that sheet material that is bendable was the only option, which was also of major concern.

  • EmTech10_ Group 2 | Riyad Al- Joucka . Ali Ferzaneh . Sebastian Partowidjojo . Jens Pedersen

    SCREENWALL PAVILLION_Barcelona Reloaded 08/30

    Geometry & Hexagonal MeshesIn order to minimize the amount of geometries in a given area, the circles have to morph into a more angulated geometry, reducing the gaps between the packed geometries. Triangles and squares were investigated as alternatives. Using hexagons instead of circles allows for easier fabrication and production. The hexagon, a geometry known for space filling geometry efficiently, has been the geometry utilized by bees to build honeycombs. (Pearce 1978)

    Circle Packing to Honey Comb Pattern

    Hexagonal Meshes & Deformation Along Curves

  • EmTech10_ Group 2 | Riyad Al- Joucka . Ali Ferzan