Schoolcraft- Indians (1851)

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Transcript of Schoolcraft- Indians (1851)

The
tol
which
images in
Bound with
la
appear
within
the
text.
Whenever
possible,
these
ajouttes
lors
d'une
Only edition
errata
Ce document
the
par le premier
le
second
autres exempiaires
une telle
dernlAre image de cheque
prenant
le
nombre
M AT
I^IT,
rci|uiiin>;
heioi;
prospects
of
i:
M
his wishes in
future ])rospects
to
undertake
them.
The
parts
of
siiros,
lirlicvt'il,
abroad, whose works
dilforont parts in
forms of expression
I'oason
to
a
heated
imagination
at
all,
as
the
government,
and
to
;
to the
In
human mind
comparative
views
state
given to these studies his days and nights,
when, without this motive
has
been
the
inelVable
delights
that
attend
the
hope
of
knowledge,
and
in
almost
every
springs of
peculiarly
intimate
relations
(having married a
highly educated hid\-.
ium
beast
the
through
letter.s,
arts,
and
Christianity.
1
The
tribes who occupy
^lountains.
of
the
frontiers.
This
the
peculiar
relation
of
a
mixed
of a paternal
cllificnt
ciiie
Its
acknowleduo
to
the
how
and
arrow,
the
cliaracter
of
the
helievod,
the
.sooner
in
his
notions
approves himself to the
or
truth
high
civilization
and
170
Man
250
Trespass 3.^8
55.
Vision
of
Catherine
Wabose
y.lO
Michigan
40()
58.
125
Orioix
10
respecting
them

Typo?
an
Peuiod
54
cxteiisivo Fields
on
H.'t
1
C
lliiHin
uf
Opeiiitimis
in
AikiiiiHim
Drift
J).
E.xisTi.Mi
Gkolouical
lOti
E.
of
Popvlatidn
preserving its
are to
what may lie
iiiC(jiigruous (iction; which sounds, to ears of sober truth, like
attempts
at
weaving
a
the
mind
by
extraordinary
simplicity,
of
Indian
elixiuence
lll.STUllY.
are recalled from iHiildinj^
a
stare
laki's;'
allegory, theri
human race,
possessing of
history, ancient
only
guide.
This
the
continent.
years of the foundation
enterjirise.
a
.M)il,
which
thunder-clap.
that the
lOth
century.
.*
jjroper
place.
G.
As
a
race,
Ijuilders
I'niverse. which inhabits
tliey
step
him in every cloud;
but half tiieir capacity' of stout Ijelief The Indian god
of
North
Ame-
a malign and a benign type of him;
and
there
subordinate
spirits
attend
lioth.
to
twinkling,
tran,;i'orm
men
suspicion, and para-
to
sutler,
with
the
Indian,
is
to
call
into
requisition
in
under
among them.
Sanconiiithus and the
are
M
f\
i
i
ii
iiiicii'iit.
Their
of hooks,
that
for many
the
To
.separate
tradition
from
se|)arate
light from darivuess. The overllow of waters the earth lia\ ing been nar-
rated,
as an epoch
and
horrors.
lor one
s|)oiled for
the geological warfare
Alginuiuin
Indians
indeed
and
that
man
this epoch
of monstrosities,
in oajli
about the end
of
the
time, the
o the Wooden
19
C.
JU
A
wiiidi
we
tradition
that he dei)arted
the
originated
in
of Botturini.'
a
temple
surmounted
her
feet
drawn
backwards,
figure
urge
took
place
A.
D.
1038.
in
each
passing
down
were so large,
the
'History
I
1
.1
C.uks,
period ol' tlieir
sevon haiiils,
tlio
ori;;in
of
tlu'
Sjianisli
conquerors.
jiowers
of
resistance.
S.
emfjire
that
those
and .Vmerica
at the
gi'oup,
wiiero
we
should
expect
tiie
.Mongolic
and
Tata
hordes
ami which
construction,
noticed
In'
 l.
not
the
a
new
iioint
to be
f
t
.'g
1848.
to
withhold
I'rom
the
reader.
10.
chain
wliich grow-
ing (|uito
strong—of evidence which for years I have been seeking, in
the
confirma-
and about which you
early
ages.
strongly
IIISTUUY.
m
to fit
he
has
a
grt'en
iirantdi
thick
three
or
four
miles
tiieir little lleets
winds
little slats
of wood;—
for
jmttit'd up
with clay.
vessels
to
as to
be;
into
to do
the island of
his
raft, or more substantial vessel. There was this current to bear
him
a
day.
and
by
weak, it would have borne him into the region of
westerly winds,
the aid of the current, would finally waft liim over
to
the
southern
to the
other islands,
man with his rude
atti'mjiting
voyages.
11.
Arctic Circle to
traditions are.
the\- shed
'I'hey
eastern
hemispheri'
has
Iteeu
found
the race.
Inuuan
dispersion,
Persia, India,
nations.
Half
of
a
supremo
the
wl'ole
opinion.s,
theology,
and
mental
variety of
 i i.
Mciitiil tvpo
cstfiblisli Jiii' tlic luilian niiml
and
cliaractcr
ii
tviic
,i;r(in|).
a
attention. iMore
\inilicate claims
art or science,
I'l'isia. . \Iesopot
amoiin- tlu>
that
empire.
(Taeitiis.
\'ol.
III.,
p.
24'J.)
th(>
.supreme
Peruvian and
was
human sacrillces, iind
an original
one of
tlu' leading
ahsorbi'd
tlic Now
II. Morgan,
on
i)rinciples
denoted.'
our latitudes
is
is
one
hundred
and
that it
necessarily
cnunected
replied,
with the
(irst
lie
thoiiiiht
e\eii, it
respects, to
arc denoted by
Miit
no
triico
III'
uiiiciiM,
niotiimM, tluir iflativi' iMi.'-itiiin to llic luui
and
tlu'
rcli'stia
Mtariy
lanfiiia;^i's. and
of
Mdiiilois,
or
he
the
sti'oiiucst
^inunid
liieir pi'iests
th((
at
frenerally
.some
doctrine.
systems of rtdiirious
tioes of these
that
hy
ancient
older than
wcirks. This
ill a
sustaining this theory
life
as
tiiey seek
dropped.
I'ytiiagoras.
the
prime
<'lenieiits
of
Indus,
tins
Tigris
and
Euphrates,
the
heing
of
a
an
antago-
him.
Thus
the
elements,
of the soul through a wandering series of existences, human
and
brutal.
it
comparison there, are
hy
these
are
ideas
in
the
the soul,
the
of
tjieir
earlie.st
ul)served
traits.'
J)e
15ry
mentions
a
feast
to
in
his
hands.
him. lie
had
vanished,
and
transformed
27. It
cvi.
28.)
There
;
at a
to place this
type.
The
trilies
of
the early diseovorors, embrace much of that generic type, both
in
the
Indianos. All
him in this
coal-Idack hair,
Walter Kaleigh,
the
same
general
physiology.
They
have
reiiroduced
themselves,
coflin-shapcil
face,
produced
lineament,
anil
minute
corpuscular
organization,
than
kin<l
is
the
moons
be
to show
the ]iiTiii:iinMic-y
primary
iiairy
tissue,
or
\vo..l,
nf
ilic
with
scienlilie
and
philo.sophical
care,
(liese
experiments
was
tho
the calendar
the Spaniard.*
to their year,
the
memories
of
their
ancestors,
in
the
in a
jieculiar inaiiiicr.
had a
euou;ih
to
orLiauize
cvidi
of
attest tlu'
jreneral
tiiooiT
to
.m.
the discovery
for any
or
murderers.
to (Jortez, tliero was
to
type
of
Dias;
a
who
(say
barbarity which their
eke out
a i)recarious
There
was.
in
the
Alleghanies,
oliserved
to
have
of
tiiat
magnilicent
thus becoming
groups
in
C
cannot
hesitate
tribes
having
considerable
power.
The
which are
Dr. Troost
under Colonel Moore,
territories ot' the
the
There
is
a
strong
of the work to be
adopted,
was
entrances.
VI.
j)age
l(i
I.
i
xi
mpUfml.
works.
by
jiole. and
spot
lixed
places
of
visilile idols,
carvi'd out
now been
have
and
unknown
age
of
the
continent,
mai/e, we
ap[iear also,
as
bad
a
and
te deiiins. It was no (k'secration of
the
oliject,
Scioto
Dr. Davis,
in his
heaped up,
the
numbers of
volume
of
the
not
the
for their
of
exehangi>,
]H'riiaps,
in
the
West
and
South,
which differ
wholly in
the fiekl
III. Iiilliuiicc
-
AVliAi
in'Diiortidii
(if
tlic
ii.s
('alliiii;'
ol'
Uoeky and
may
he
supposed
to
he
the
former
tlie
some
remarks
of the /eii inai/.e,
t_\
heJnd;:tMl
had nnderj;(>iie j;reat
icachiiiL; it.
or exca\
ol' wliieli liiere \h
The
arc.
by
'.'
in most of the other anticpiarian cnrtli-works, or remains hnmaii
lalmrs
as
ture. wliicli is
hy liiese evidences
I,ake .Michigan. Similar
rcclamrnlar
anil
mode of lliinialion indicates two species of cnitnre. The first
consists
.siau'ccs of the
ellurt
of
ijic
FiviK'h
could
1111
aLii'icu
I'liHi.
Iia\
e
.l.ahh
iinM'i'eued
Tliis
stiiiu',
wliii'li
lilor
nf
.jyi'iiito
.//'/.
<>r
r:irlv
a^Mimifd
(laic of
  )(»;;,
I'tlS.
Curtcz
I'ollowcd
not
till
hy
Canada did
eiijirr
of
and
De
S)to
came
to
and trade, and to finil treasures
in
the
untilli'd
forests.
furnishinj;' articles
of
Indiana
and
.Michi,i;au
Icadiufr
source
of
easv
commerce
an earlier period
the
norlhei-n
triltes,
so\ithern sliorcs
generic stock
of the
AI;ron(|uins,
None of the esu'ly writers speak of,
or allndi'
horticultural
In'ds,
under
the
sixteenth
century.
ori;;iii,
if
we
conline
our
more roiusonahle
to iittnlnite
 
Ininter.s.
Are
not
found in plainer
some extent,
been very
causes
tribes
who
cultivated
corn,
and
lived
in
Indian
race,
who
named
planting
of
to
a
of females, while the
just
what
their
forefathers
of
the
zea
maize,
so
also
of
arts which existed jmrl 2'>assu
with the
all relied upon it
result
which
the
pheno-
Ocean.
The
Indian
tribes
of
the
United
States,
who
formerly
inhabited
no
traces
of
either,
till
he
passed
California
mound of ordinary
race
; namely,
their
Eeligiox,
various
planets
stood
as
types
of
ci
is very
in
the
shape
united hand-labor
of many,
devoted to
indeed,
in
the
the ancestors
or Indian
of
the
state of
of Indiana
in this
in all its bearings.
f sand, without
deliberation,
building
still
more
extensive
to
have
on
where
is most I'casonable
before
the}'
would
^le of this
migrated.
Deity
to
to
which are the
Alleghanies.
widest ancient
simi)ly
fjund by
and jiractices
were
appear to
be few,
as the
chief points
tribes of northern and
the
traditions
the
intruding
.
in
interesting branch of
features
are
those
arising
from
the
ui)heaval
ol'
extra-
ordinary
elFects
of
lake
action,
to
that
part
of
the
shores,
this
more striking. The
incix ased
the country
an air
of arid
the surface ;
times, by a
the
incipient
oi' Saint Mary,
been in the
hands of the Algonquin tribes : at least, those tribes were found here at
the opening
whicii
antiquities
begin
this general
over
lake and jirairie, and
to
extend
the shores of
Lake Superior, and
of'
Un'
shaped pi'udants.
country
It
mny
be
necessary,
perhaps,
the
that
first consists of
deposit of
d('|itii,
the French;
of
fjake
Krie,
which
a.s aince
This
of
a
people
bility
war-club,
must
In-
the
valley
perhaps,
the
reci'iit
discovi-ries
pi\)l)ably
of one
northern
i: also probable.
of
a
local
juirsiiit
do not, when
for
him
to
custom
the North American coasts
II.
in
the
wilderness,
in
a
stat(>
meat-sacrihcc tiiat
Herodotus
ilocs
not
o/t-ini-ijim,
or
is
tiie instrument, as well
a
or altar, containing innumerable
sjieciinens of ancient stone
of these specimens
of them being
a comparatively
sup[)osing it
uy
pipe
had obtained it
blowing
the
bones
of
a
human
small
akcclis,
the
thigh-bones
of
the
skeleton,
but
the
tiuit tlie soil
the
small
were in
far the
10, Kij^uivs
.Mr.
Tomlinson,
of
by
upper iaiii's.
that at
eiiat)le an
practical reasons
I'raclion; its
this
lieeii
reipiired
jiir
an
adult.
Wo
[lossess
a
rcjilied
hy
the
females.
1
are
known
of \'irginia in 1GS8.
an
indrawiu'i;
stroke.
 
we
1
:t.
Plate
17,
and
of specimens de})osited in
the
was
killing
of
animals.
The
instrument,
the bow
of
the
the
in .some old
ill-own.
Tiie
wliile. I'lire Mint
is
lielieved,
among
the
waiH'iuIj
at
mucji
in
liii'
manner
of
the
South
Chilis exhibited
ceremonial exhibitions, are
partake decidedly of
a symbolical character.
in
of
a
gun
sions, is
is
in
the
country,
descriptions,
accompanied
by
of
in
IMate
and
the
the }ear
tiie olivcdeaf;
his
ovate
medal
of
the
same
to w io.,f
is
i
III
Massacliiisetts. and
dtlier parts dl' New Imi;.;IiiiiiI, enllivatcd Indiiin (din. It was their
.'^laple piiidiicl.
cil
it.

(ir
Ndriiiau's
Kill
\'alley,
Alhany
Cduiity,
N.
Y.
way.
The
hurtheii
tenipi'ring ingri'dient.
There was,
Florida
trilx-s,
rivers, and
different strata
Ibund along tho.se streams.
taken in the chase
into
but
(•ontinued
stationary
at
a
and
specimens
mounds
which
is
Mark's,
notices
of
games
practised
by
the
the
feat,s is
universally held
up to
a
striking
trait
NniiiTS
of stone.
They are,
generally, exact
snuiU
fraction
hurling their discus
be
stated.
(Plate
the
exact
made for children's
is connected
an
antique
grave
same place, and made
The great extent
of country over
general
preva-
lence
of
mounds and
of
value
among
the
the
plutt,
or
multiple
that
sea-shells,
under
the
])eri\vinkle.
coin has
heen i()Uiid
article
imiu'operly
during the (ierc(> wars
hy
sewing
this a
consternation
render
posses-
was
a
person,
and
be enough to secure
doctrine
arts
from
worn
Some form of a
sea-shell. man\ifaetured or
i'rom
the
sea
have been invested
its
depths,
great mysterious
of
covenants.
Ear-drops
ami
not merely
or
ears. It
so
deposited
of /««/
ctone deposit of
stone
or
'Jl,
amnni;'
nization,
of
the
it
was
long,
spcar-heads,
now
in
possession
of
the
National
Institute,
Washington,
(if
tin'
iimifiit
i<|
tlmi>
iln-i^Mcd or iiiiilri<'«Mt'il, luMiig tlic iiiatcriiil to iu-
pul
togi'tlior.
thin
wiiM
(lOfoiiipliKliiMl
ii horn, which
remote
trihes.
as
shown
in
the
articles
supplied
rudi',
and
as
Kuropean
laid
hy
instrument is
on lish
government
shops
referred
:i
coiiipound,
consistiiif^'
rope
makinji'.
from
together.
done.
length,
from the
of
determined.
It
without
the
Q
plilied
by
the
fii^nred,
of Hnfl'alo city
a
heavy
siiles
in
of the'
the
It is
ojjcration
of
skinning
of
to
dress
and
may
to permit a
as if
Chain Koeks. It
it
a siiieious slate.
appeared among them,
Teeth
are
a
primitive
early
and
polished.
re.spects,
a
stouter
instrument.
spear
similar
productions
among
by soldering. Oxidation has
which
have
come
to
a salt
The \ise of this metal
appears to have
occurrence
and tumuli may be generally set down to that era.
The fur
of silver,
or silvered
copper and
in all
its manul'actured
a nobler metal than gold. The name for gold, in
all the languages
which attracted
facilitate
33,
Figures
of rock,
hy the use of pigments. (See Plate
12,
Figure
Indian pigments. Plate 74
fictions.
to
form
a
hard
and
only, in
tlie
Straits
of
manufacture from the native
the
of
chief
objects
be
rai.sed
first
a
])cople
emerging from the hunter state. There is no evidence that they understood,
or undertook
generally
of
Avill
1. That
be
made
in
Lake
Supeuior.
The
copper-bearing
pits, trenches,
named,
four miles. These
a
course
of
about
north
70°,
wrought
around,
but
the recent works, is
the vein
away
the
top
or
pits
a
to
raise
pit
had the marks of a narrow
a.xo
or
abandoned
it
on
account
of
its
great
the
pounds,
around
it for
lately opened,
with their
spread entirely over it.
facts throw the
of Columbus, and con.sequently
that it
metal
they
near sixty feet in depth,
and
have
calcareous
spar,
and
copper.
When
we
.
^
<',\
Tlie
Indians
have
no
What
scat-
tered
stono
stone-cutters'
tools
Sui)erior,
into manageable
store 2o'J Water-street. They
the appearance of
In
the
growing trees
it were found
of welding
and of
it may be that their eflbrts
were
suspended
l)y
reason
a
considerable
(twenty
by
water,)
and
the
luirdi'st
rocks.
\'alleys.
The
mound-builders,
and
also
the copper age.
is
a
metal
testimony
is
in
favor
of
its
Ijeing
held
in
of the
the chief
things found
mounds,
miners
having supplied
They
depended
upon
been
kept
depths.
On
due
of the
of foreign origin.
Vestiges op Ancient
to descend and
an altar
to
be
and
the
ill
l)arl<
and
skins,
This
was
corpses
above
when a general and final interment of the bone:-i coidd
ho made.
at the
general interment.
This is
localities of
such bono
that of burning
the
Tacnllies
the
discovery
and
settlement
of
the
country.
by the French,
village
formerly
were probably
Ten
Indian
learned, any
12,
1:5,
pipe
descril)od
bored srpiaro tubes,
ls: r,.
V.
Islit.
Wi'st. 'i'liese
link in
mii.son the
give no eoiiiiti'iiunee to the existence.
ill
lust twelve
which
()('
islands and
with
imudi
proliu-
liility,
the jiresent
site of
is
certain
that
their
|)riinitive
ma|).><
of
a name
admit. There is no
attention at home,
for
and
(ioodwin,
is evidei.t
that the
recorded,
on
is
shown
liy
\et
it
is
the
the inscription
tenth
cenlury.
the
olijectinn
would
he
to their reli::ioii,
iS'iO.
Trailitions
notice,
ivnih
to
the
attention
of
.VuHuican
ethnolouists.
'I'rade-winds,
monsoons,
oceanii
streams,
India and Cliiua.
that
era.
to
refers
as
tlie
inoiiiiinental
upon
various
metallic
has been easy,
and
and
critical
examinations
on
bian
c'i)iKh.
an
historical
blank
object wliicli the
drawings. This
conniiittee for
that purpose.
This trust
of Fall
in Massachusetts, caily the next morning.
This
miles, by
are
the course
to
enqjloy
far U'sser-sized
bnuMers
and
blo-ks lying on ibis Hat. on(> of which, u'^ar to
it,
has
just under water,
coming in, had
of
the
frontlet-crowned
figure
No.
1,
I
make out
tidid
minor characters
between the
1790,
and
in
important, in the
consists
in
the
lower
which
my
positicm,
chief
the Indian
it.
reflection
a
good
was
perlectly
arreste(l
liy
the
at
.Alicliilli-
mackinac.
in
IS.'itl.
on
AVhen
1
fnsi
calli'd
j/iiisic-hixinls,
of scnl})tnre,
mythological
whom
teacher
in
nnravelling
despatched
an
invitation
oiijoct of the
come
in
it
and
inscriptions on this
otln'r.
is
supposed,
underground.
end,
give
their
api)roval,
and
parts.
the
figures
to
the
A to
came to them, which
(hd not belong to
war-captain.
He
records
his
exploits
and
prophetic
from his
proplii't
or
Mccr's
lodffo.
It
lias
ni'vcral
divisionw,
])erformed some
war-crv, «
liitli
i-*
nil
the enemy.
Figures
neuotialion or treaty.
Su<'h Ik-IIs
F'igure
'.VI.
A
l)ow
iieiit.
and
pointed
against
the
.'xa'tii.'ss
With
muIi
a
preliminary
a-
surra.'.'
he
rnck
ruiild
he
ad\euturous race,
who were conlessedly
helow is
on
this.
i'or the
letters Th.
Is .some
the
name. The
.V
So
A
preceileiice
has
heep
i:iven,
the Scandimivian,
PiJ^s^tsisin-^iriK^w.,
I
,1^:
lines
that
compose
figure
4;>.
appear
to
have
been
i)arts
of
a
jtortion of
the inscription,
. 7.
Of
this
inscription,
of this compartment is
.stroke
1
r
i
o r rr
this kind, and
due
a|)[iear that
inscri|ition to respect.
O
HU
K
T
II
V.
Wheoliiifr,
the
proprietor
at leiiiith,
sunk
'A
4
4
'X
m
plioiis
of
stealile.
and
hivli ei\ ili/.alion.
Ik
en
atlaclu'd
lo
no
archa'olouists.
It
was
in
of
this
char-
acters.
.Immics
\V.
<'lfmi'ii.-<
of
Wlicfliiif.',
of
noliodv
(Nintaininff aiiiliahclifal
he
at
ahoiit
live
hiindreil.
some
importance,
appears
to
have
at
7S
'. 'I'liis
from
the Southern type
(M'iginally
piiiilishe(|
|ii(tiin'
wiit'm^-
liy
the
T
'Iters
iiiul
A/ln-s,
in
tliciii
: Imt
iiotliihi:
tliis
xallcy
of Mi',
a liireiuii
do. tlie d.ite of
IK-
I.eoii.
and
(
Celtic,
it will he
Maiice to it appears
of
.Madoc,
have ln'cii
of iiiicient
date, on
te
one of
the r.oiip
diaiiiet(-'i'.
coiilainiiiL:'
some
de\ices. which roemhie tho~e of the ins ri icd stone
allejed
to
recognised
I'roni
tiie
is stated by Cusic, in his curiou;) pamphlet of the
historical traditions of
history; and
the structure
of tlie
with
his
traditions
of
to speak of the Indian mythology, and beliefs in spiritual
agencies, the
people, he is
his
own
way.
the bulk
in
the
in saving
them. The
by
great
monster
quadrupeds,
were
dressed
in
leathern
doublets,
and
owed
their
rescue
from
the
of those who hiid saved
them, and that
Virginia,
and
veils
in
metaphor
the
treachery
minds of
coh»ny, which
tribes,
the
knowledge
ANTIQUITIES. 127
[Tlio Ibllowiiir; (loscription of certain luiinan skeletons, supposed to be in armor, found at Full
Kivor, or
drawn
a
one
of
Carthaginian oilghi
elsewhere,
which
without
any
proceeded to
Fall liiver
lor the
a
of
attention.
As
many
entire.
The
skidl
is
of
ordinary
not
more
tlian
an
body
and much
A
piece
of
]iositi()ii,
as
<;reen
at top,
an
inch
broad
at
the
base,
and
iiaving
a
length,
It is
to bo
I
saw
the
man
who
dug
a
road,
id)out
three
or
four
feet
in shape
the one
skeleton, and like
Arrow-heads
of
shafts.
matting, a l)inicli
neither
resembling
that
of
a
woajioii.
Thcsu
wore
now
with the serrated
any
other
supposition.
Both
Home
cut into
simple foi'ui
were fit for defensive armor. And lastly,
the
use
of
copper
is
by Mourt, in his
Indians
that
time
of
Piiilip's
iiotici'^,
II
nkctc'li.
l'.
Wisciiiisiii
mill
(loiieni'o
cimntry
(i.
Minnesota.
'l:
1
i'V'
(
Corte.'*, in tlie
we.stwardiy.'…