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    Saving Energy at Home and SchoolStudent and Family Guide

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    $EFFICIENCY

    CONSERVATION

    Message to the Family

    Dear Family Members:

    The NEED Projects Saving Energy program provides teachers with curriculum materials that assist them in

    meeting energy science curriculum standards. With this program, students learn how energy is produced and

    used. They also learn ways to conserve energy that can easily be applied in their own homes.

    Your child is a student participating in this Saving Energyprogram. To demonstrate how the energy conservation

    lessons your child is studying in class can be applied at home, you will be provided with a Home Energy Eciency

    Kit containing several items designed to help reduce electricity and natural gas use in your home. Once installed,

    these energy conservation measures give families the opportunity to see how low-cost and no-cost measures

    can make a substantial dierence in lowering energy use.

    Your Home Eciency Kit also includes a home survey and we encourage you to work with your child to answer

    the questions. It is ne if you do not know all the answers. You and your child will learn about the dierent energy

    saving measures together. Mailing this survey back to NEED will help students everywhere better understand

    energy use.

    This Student and Family Guide will allow your child to do additional research on your homes energy use that will

    show that your eorts to save energy do make a dierence.

    We are pleased you will be participating in this worthwhile activity and encourage you to contact your childs

    teacher or The NEED Project with any questions you may have.

    The NEED Project

    P.O.Box10101

    Manassas,VA20108

    1.800.875.5029

    www.NEED.org

    info@NEED.org

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    TheNEEDProjectP.O.Box10101,Manassas,VA201081.800.875.5029www.NEED.org

    Table of ContentsForms of Energy 4

    Energy Source Matching 5

    Forms and Sources 6

    The Energy I Used Today 7

    Transporting Energy 9

    Lesson 1 Reections 10

    Lesson 1 Connections 11

    Using Energy at School 12

    Lesson 2 Reections 16

    Lesson 3 Home Activities 17

    Lesson 3 Reections 23

    Lesson 3 Connections 24

    Reading an Electric Meter 25Reading a Natural Gas Meter 26

    School Utility Meters 27

    Lesson 4 Home Activities 28

    Lesson 4 Reections 30

    Lesson 4 Connections 31

    Insulation Investigation 32

    Lesson 5 Home Activity 33

    Lesson 5 Reections 34

    Lesson 5 Connections 35

    Temperature Investigations 36

    Lesson 6 Home Activity 37

    Lesson 6 Reections 38

    Saving Energy at Home and SchoolStudent and Family Guide

    Lesson 6 Connections 39

    Water Heating Investigation 40

    Lesson 7 Home Activities 41

    Lesson 7 Reections 43

    Lesson 7 Connections 44

    Windows Investigation 45

    Lesson 8 Home Activity 46

    Lesson 8 Reections 47

    Lesson 8 Connections 48

    Lesson 9 Home Activity 49

    Facts of Light 50

    Lesson 9 Reections 51

    Lesson 9 Connections 52Measuring Electricity Use 53

    Lesson 10 Home Activity 54

    Payback Periods 55

    Lesson 10 Reections 57

    Lesson 10 Connections 58

    Your Family Rating 59

    Lesson 11 Connections 60

    Saving Energy Glossary 61

    Post-Survey 63

    Pre-Survey 65

    Additional Resources and Activities 67

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    Forms of Energy

    POTENTIAL

    Stored energy and the energy ofposition (gravitational).

    CHEMICAL ENERGY is the energystored in the bonds of atoms andmolecules. Biomass, petroleum,natural gas, propane, and coal areexamples.

    NUCLEAR ENERGY is the energy

    stored in the nucleus of an atom the energy that holds the nucleustogether. The energy in the nucleusof a uranium atom is an example.

    STORED MECHANICAL ENERGYis energy stored in objects by theapplication of force. Compressed

    springs and stretched rubber bandsare examples.

    GRAVITATIONAL ENERGY is theenergy of place or position. Waterin a reservoir behind a hydropowerdam is an example.

    KINETIC

    The motion of waves, electrons,atoms, molecules and substances.

    RADIANT ENERGY iselectromagnetic energy that travelsin transverse waves. Solar energy isan example.

    THERMAL ENERGY or heat is theinternal energy in substances the

    vibration or movement of atomsand molecules in substances.Geothermal is an example.

    MOTION is the movement ofa substance from one place toanother. Wind and hydropower areexamples.

    SOUND is the movement of energythrough substances in longitudinalwaves.

    ELECTRICAL ENERGY is themovement of electrons. Lightningand electricity are examples.

    All forms of energy fall under two categories:

    LESSON 1

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    TheNEEDProjectP.O.Box10101,Manassas,VA201081.800.875.5029www.NEED.org

    1. Petroleum

    2. Wind

    3. Biomass

    4. Uranium

    5. Propane

    6. Solar

    7. Geothermal

    8. Hydropower

    9. Coal

    10. Natural Gas

    _____

    _____

    _____

    _____

    _____

    _____

    _____

    _____

    _____

    _____

    Black rock burned to make electricity.

    Energy from heat inside the Earth.

    Energy from owing water.

    Energy from wood, waste, and garbage.

    Energy from moving air.

    Energy from splitting atoms.

    Portable fossil fuel used in grills.

    Fossil fuel for cars, trucks, and jets.

    Fossil fuel gas moved by pipeline.

    Energy in rays from the sun.

    Energy Source MatchingWrite the number of the energy source on the line next to its denition

    LESSON 1

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    Forms and Sources

    The energy we use in the U.S. is mainly provided by the following sources of energy. Write the form oenergyin what form the energy is stored or deliveredfor each of the sources on the line to the righ

    LESSON 1

    Motion

    Chemical

    Radiant

    Thermal

    Nuclear

    What percentage of U.S. energy is provided by each form of energy? By renewables? Nonrenewables?

    NonrenewablesPetroleum

    Coal

    Natural Gas

    Uranium

    Propane

    Renewables

    Nonrenewables

    Source: Energy Information Administration

    BIOMASS 3.9%Uses: heating, electricity,

    transportation

    COAL 22.6%Uses: electricity,

    manufacturing

    GEOTHERMAL 0.4%Uses: heating, electricity

    HYDROPOWER 2.5%Uses: electricity

    NATURAL GAS 23.5%Uses: heating,

    manufacturing, electricity

    PETROLEUM 37.0%Uses: transportation,

    manufacturing

    PROPANE 1.0%Uses: heating,

    manufacturing

    URANIUM 8.5%Uses: electricity

    WIND 0.5%Uses: electricity

    SOLAR 0.1%Uses: heating, electricity

    RENEWABLENONRENEWABLE

    U.S. Energy Consumption by Source, 2008

    RenewablesBiomass

    Hydropower

    Wind

    Geothermal

    Solar

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    TheNEEDProjectP.O.Box10101,Manassas,VA201081.800.875.5029www.NEED.org

    Circle the things you used or did in the left column. When you have completed the list, your teacher will showyou how many Energy Bucks each activity or device uses. Write those numbers in the right column, then addthem together to get your Total Energy Bucks used.

    What device woke me up this morning? ENERGY BUCKS

    Alarm Clock or Radio ________________

    What devices were used to make my breakfast?

    Microwave ________________

    Stove/Oven ________________

    Toaster Oven ______

    Refrigerator ________________

    What devices did I use as I got ready for

    school this morning?

    Air Conditioning/Heating ________________

    Radio/CD Player ________________

    TV/DVD Player ______

    Shower/Bath ________________

    Hair Dryer ________________Curling Iron/Electric Curlers/Hair Straightener ________________

    What rooms had lights turned on this morning?

    Bedroom ________________

    Bathroom ________________

    Kitchen ________________

    Family Room ________________

    Other ________________

    How did I get to school today?

    Walk ________________

    Bicycle ________________

    School Bus ________________

    Carpool ________________

    Family Vehicle ________________

    The Energy I Used TodayLESSON 1

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    What devices did I use after school yesterday? ENERGY BUCKS

    Air Conditioning/Heating ________________

    Travel in Vehicle _______________

    Lights ________________

    Computer ________________

    Video Game System ________________

    CD Player/Radio/iPod/mp3 Player ________________

    TV/DVD Player _______

    Telephone

    Snack Preparation ________________

    What devices were used at home last night?

    Air Conditioning/Heating ________________

    Microwave ________________

    Stove/Oven ________________

    Toaster Oven ______

    Refrigerator ________________

    Grill ________________

    Lights ________________

    TV/VCR/DVD Player _________

    Shower/Bath ________________

    Hair Dryer ________________

    TotalEnergyBucksUsed ____________

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    TheNEEDProjectP.O.Box10101,Manassas,VA20