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Experts speak on The Topic of Ethics in PsychologyA Presentation by Experts Aimee M. ForrerJanuary 6, 2015PSY 496

Brief overview: Ethics in PsychologyEthical issues are presented almost daily to those within the science of psychology. Ethics allows a person to decipher between right and wrong. This moral judgment may often initiate an array of dilemmas personally and professionally. The topic is EthicsPractitioners require an ethical framework in order to develop trust within their clients while delivering optimal care and treatment.Issues & Controversies: Researching ethically and maintaining ethical standards of care while practicing psychology. Personal spiritual beliefs often play a central role in the treatment of individuals and families (Piotrowski, C. 2012). Therapists must become objective with their ethics during treatment and research.How to maintain ethical standards of care during research and treatment? How should a professional react ethically while maintaining client trust?


Introducing our expertsPeter SingerMoral philosopher, professor and renowned author of Animal Liberation (1975). He has also spoken at numerous conferences regarding his stance on speciesism and moral principles. His belief system relies on species membership is crucial to moral status. This is essential when deciphering ethical options (Springer, P. 2009).Erich Fromm

Wrote Man for Himself: An Inquiry into the Psychology of Ethics. This created a link between psychology and moral philosophy. Created the term humanistic ethics (Kline, J. 2014). 1956 wrote The Art of Loving. Only man can determine the criterion for good and evil is what is detrimental to man (Fromm, E. 1947).

Peter Singer, PhD Philosophy, Professor Moral Philosophy 07/1946-present

Erich Fromm, PhD Philosophy (also studied Psychology & Sociology, Therapist/Researcher/Author 3/1900-3/1980


Expert 1: Dr. Peter SingerPeter Singer supports psychological research in the means of causing no harm to the participant. Research must be done in an ethical way while maintaining his model of moral philosophy. Peter Singers Moral Philosophy- Questioning ones fundamental moral beliefs in an open-minded, dispassionate way, and it requires the intellectual courage to revise ones beliefs in light of theory and under pressure of argument (Engle, M. 2011).Peter Singer has written and speaks eloquently, arguing his model. He explores equality for all life with regard to interest rather than treatment (Engle, M. 2011). He speaks of equality for non-humans as well. This is perhaps his most important principle in ethics which may be extended into his beliefs regarding research.Peter Singers beliefs are often debated. His model ultimately displays his belief that Living ones life in accordance with ones fundamental moral beliefs and values is one of the most meaningful ways one can live (Engle, M. 2011). Website Recommended by Peter Singer for an outline of the Five Principles of research ethics as outlined by the American Psychological Association.

Expert 2: Dr. Erich Fromm Erich Fromm would expect that if psychological research was to be done from a humanistic ethical approach it must cause no harm to the individual. Psychological research runs a risk of constricting or reducing the humans actual human behavior. Fromm recommends to achieve true morality one must free one-self from the ties of blood and soil, from his mother and his father, from special loyalties to state, class, race, party, or religion (Leonidas, C.K. 2011). His philosophy in ethics is based on the human race objectified rather than conflict of societal influence.Website recommended by Expert: for information devoted to the exploration and furthering of the science of Humanistic Psychology.See also for information related to the Geneology of Humanistic Psychology.

[Compare and contrast]Erich Fromm on EthicsMan decides right from wrong.Forego societal influence.Humanistic approach.

Peter Singer on Ethics universally understood. Impartial Spectator Utilitarian approach

Ethical decision based on doing no harm to others.

ReferencesBaker, J. (2011). For the Love of Wisdom. Retrieved from, M. (2011). Review of Practical Ethics, 3rd Edition by Peter Singer. American Journal of Bioethics, 2011 Dec; 11(12): 73- 75. Retrieved from the ProQuest database.Fromm, E. (1947). Humanistic Ethics. Retrieved from, J. (2014). Erich Fromm. Salem Press Biological Encyclopedia, January, 2014. Retrieved from the ProQuest database.Leonidas, C. (2011). Violence And Narcissism: A Frommian Perspective On Destructiveness Under Authoritarianism. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 36(4). Retrieved from the ProQuest database.Piotrowski, C. (2012). Research areas of emphasis in professional psychology: Past and current trends. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 39(2), 131-135. Retrieved from the ProQuest database.

Singer, P. (2009). Speciesism and Moral Status. Metaphilosophy; Vol. 40, No. 3-4, July 2009. Retrieved from the ProQuest database.