Sachin jangid ppt on emotions

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Behaviour Science

Behaviour Science AssignmentSubmitted To : Submitted By:

Dr. Kailash Chand barmola Sachin jangid

EmotionsDefining EmotionElements of Emotion 1: The BodyElements of Emotion 2: The MindElements off Emotion 3: The CulturePutting the elements together : Emotion and GenderEmotionEmotion A state of arousal involving facial and body changes, brain activation, cognitive appraisals, subjective feelings, and tendencies toward action, all shaped by cultural rules.

Primary And SecondaryFace of EmotionBrain and EmotionHormones and EmotionsDetecting Emotions : Does the body lieElements of Emotion 1: The BodyPrimary emotionsEmotions considered to be universal and biologically based. They generally include fear, anger, sadness, joy, surprise, disgust, and contempt.Secondary emotionEmotions that develop with cognitive maturity and vary across individuals and cultures.Three biological areas of emotion are facial expressions, brain regions and circuits, and autonomic nervous system.

Elements of Emotion 1: The BodyFacial expressions for primary emotions are universal.Even members of remote cultures can recognize facial expressions in people who are foreign to them.Facial feedbackProcess by which the facial muscles send messages to the brain about the basic emotion being expressed.Infants are able to read parental expressions.Facial expression can generate same expressions in others, creating mood contagion.

Universal Expressions of EmotionAnger is universally recognized by geometric patterns on the face.In each pair, the left form seems angrier than the right form.

The Face of Anger

Across and within cultures, agreement often varies on which emotion a particular facial expression is revealing.People dont usually express their emotion in facial expressions unless others are around.Facial expressions convey different meanings depending on their circumstances.People often use facial expressions to lie about their feelings as well as to express them.

Facial Expressions in Social ContextThe amygdalaResponsible for assessing threat. Damage to the amygdala results in abnormality to process fear.Left prefrontal cortex Involved in motivation to approach others.Damage to this area results in loss of joy.Right prefrontal cortex Involved in withdrawal and escape. Damage to the area results in excessive mania and euphoria.

Brain and EmotionWhen experiencing an intense emotion, 2 hormones are released.EpinephrineNorepinephrineResults in increased alertness and arousal.At high levels, it can create the sensation of being out of control emotionally.

Hormones and Emotions

The Autonomic Nervous SystemPolygraph testing relies on autonomic nervous system arousal.Typical measures:Galvanic Skin ResponsePulse, blood pressureBreathingFidgeting

Detecting Emotions : Does the Body Lie

Empirical support is weak and conflicting.Test is inadmissible in most courts.It is illegal to use for most job screening.Many government agencies continue to use for screening.

Polygraph TestHow thoughts create emotionsThe two factor theory of emotion.Attributions and emotions.Cognitions and emotional complexity

Elements of Emotion 2 : The MindHow thoughts create emotionsThe two factor theory of emotion.Attributions and emotions.Cognitions and emotional complexity

Two Factor Theory of Emotion

Perceptions and attributions are involved in emotions.How one reacts to an event depends on how he or she explains it.For example, how one reacts to being ignored or winning the silver instead of the gold medal.Philosophy of life is also influential.

Attributions and EmotionsCognitions, and therefore, emotions, become more complex as a childs cerebral cortex matures.Self-conscious emotions, such as shame and guilt, do not occur until after infancy, due to the emergence of a sense of self and others.People can learn how their thinking affects their emotions and can change their thinking accordingly.

Cognitions and Emotional ComplexityCulture and emotional variationThe rules of emotional regulationDisplay rulesBody languageEmotion work

Elements of Emotion 3 : The CultureDisplay RulesWhen, where, and how emotions are to be expressed or when they should be squelched.Body LanguageThe nonverbal signals of body movement, posture and gaze that people constantly express.Emotion WorkActing out an emotion we do not feel or trying to create the right emotion for the occasion.

The Rules of Emotional RegulationsPhysiology and intensitySensitivity to other peoples emotionsCognitionsExpressivenessFactors which affect expressivenessEmotion work

Putting it all together : Emotion and GenderPhysiology and intensityWomen recall emotional events more intensely and vividly than do men.Men experience emotional events more intensely than do women.Conflict is physiologically more upsetting for men than women.

Putting The elements Together : Emotion and GenderMales autonomic nervous system is more reactive than females.Men are more likely to rehearse angry thoughts which maintains anger.Women are more likely to ruminate which maintains depression.

Possible reasons for differences in physiology and intensity.Factors which influence ones ability to read emotional signals:The sex of the sender and receiver.How well the sender and receiver know each other.How expressive the sender is.Who has the power.Stereotypes and expectations.

Sensitivity to Other Peoples EmotionsMen and women appear to differ in the types of every day events that provoke their anger.Women become angry over issues related to their partners disregard.Men become angry over damage to property or problems with strangers.

CognitionsIn North America women:Smile more than men.Gaze at listeners more.Have more emotionally expressive faces.Use more expressive body movements.Touch others more.Acknowledge weakness and emotions more.Compared to women, men only express anger to strangers more.

ExpressivenessGender rolesCultural normsThe specific situation

Factors Influencing Emotional ExpressivenessWomen work hard at appearing warm, happy and making sure others are happy.Men work hard at persuading others they are stern, aggressive and unemotional.Why?Gender roles and status.

Emotion Work And Gender

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