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    Shrikant Andhale 6

    Karishma Dalal 27

    Priyanka Kelgandre 70

    Akshay Musle 99

    Karan Shah 140

    Nihara Tayshete 163

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    About the Movie

    Socialist theme

    Filmfare award

    Cannes Film Festival

    http://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/priyanka.mp4
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    Challenges of Rural Area

    Infrastructure

    Poverty

    Unemployment

    Illiteracy

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    Issues from the movie

    Zamindar problem

    Industrialization

    Migration

    Child labour

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    Marketing in 1950s

    Product Placement

    Sales in train

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    Zamindar

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    History analysis of land ownership

    Zamindari abolition act.

    The area under kashtakars reduced.

    Hurdles in zamindari abolition system. Eg. UP.

    Bhoodan movment.

    http://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/shrikant1.mp4http://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/shrikant1.mp4
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    Economic condition of the people.

    Educational programmes in rural area.

    Lack of entrepreneurship

    Preference to work

    Emigration of educated individuals

    No family support.

    Many siblings.

    CAUSES OF ILLITERACY

    ILLITERACY

    http://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/shrikant2.mp4http://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/shrikant2.mp4
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    Indian Industrial Revolution

    The history of modern industrial

    development in India dates back toabout last 150 years

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    Pre-Independence

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    Textile Mills

    The first successful adventures were in the

    field of textile industry

    Uptil 1913-14,the number of cotton textile

    mills rose to 271 with total employment of 2,

    60,000.

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    Jute mills

    By 1913-14 the number of jute mills increased

    to 64 which provided average daily employ-

    ment to 2, 19,288 people.

    Majority of these mills were located in and

    around the city of Kolkata.

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    Paper Mills

    The first paper mill of the country was started

    at Ballyganj near Kolkata in 1870.

    Two more paper mills in Bengal and one at

    Lucknow were started between 1902 and

    1905.

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    Rural Industrilisation

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    Concept of Revolution

    Land near Kolkata and Bombay were properly

    suited for Mills.

    Illegal acquisition of land.

    Farmers were forced to work.

    Un-aware about the benefits

    Exploitation of mill workers. Under-compensation

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    Case Study

    Boriya VS Aurepalle

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    Situation

    Distance to near by Industry

    Traditional and non traditional jobs

    Dependency for consumption Alternative source of income

    Education

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    contribution of sectors to village GDPsector Boriya Aurepalledry agriculture 1.36 5.32wet agriculture 28.9 15.21livestock 20 10.45agriculture services 13.37 1household industries 0 19.11services 7.37 8.96trade 14.56 23.47Government services 4.93 4.15Ration shop 9.51 12.33GDP 100 100

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    MIGRATIONThe temporary or permanent movement of people

    from one place to another

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    Statistics

    Source-http://community.eldis.org/.59b6a372/Internal%20Migration%20and%20Regional%20Disparities%20in%20India.pdf

    http://www.unicef.org/india/1_Overview_(03-12-2012).pdf

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    Reasons for migration

    Economical

    Social

    Political

    Environmental

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    Push Factor

    Natural disaster Low and variable agricultural productivity

    Lack of local employment or advancementopportunities

    Population pressure

    Landlessness

    Marginalization

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    Pull factors

    Perception of better quality of life Better Health and education service

    Industrialization

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    Problems in urban set-up

    3 major problems faced by people who migrate: Defunct PDS, growing inflation

    Purchasing power and social behaviour

    Rents and property pricing

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    Problems in urban area due to

    migration

    Widespread unemployment

    Rise of squatter settlements

    Overcrowding, unhygienic living conditions Strain on urban facilities

    Rising crime rates

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    Effects of migration in rural area

    Depopulation

    Women take on greater share of farm work

    Declining farm productivity

    Social problems, single-parent family

    http://localhost/var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/finternal%20Migrants.mp4
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    Female & Child Labour

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    INTRODUCTION

    Definedas work that deprives children of their

    childhood, their potential and their dignity,

    and that is harmful to physical and mental

    development.

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    REASONS

    Poverty

    Irresponsible attitude of employers

    Fatalist attitude of poor towards life

    High Population

    Illiteracy

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    IMPACT

    Physical

    Educational

    Emotional

    Psychological development

    Anti-social behaviour

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    STATISTICS

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    STAKEHOLDERS

    National Government Agencies

    N.G.Os

    Civil society

    Corporate entities

    Individual social service activists

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    CASELET

    Gurramma cotton seed worker

    Padigipadu village, Kurnool district

    Children working in farms

    Controlled by Bayer and Monsanto

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    Solutions

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    Tackling Migration

    Some Strategies can be incorporated in the

    National Policy:

    o Infrastructure investment in rural areas

    o Promotion of Education

    o Skill Training and Placement

    o

    Co-Development Strategies

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    Some benefits of Migration

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    Curbing child labour

    Examples of states who have taken uniquesteps in this direction :

    o Rajasthan: Increasing the age

    o Gujarat: Helpline

    o Andhra Pradesh: Bridge Approach.

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    Making the Female Force strong

    SEWAs Contribution.

    Rural Development through

    Entrepreneurship.

    Examples of women empowerment in other

    countries.

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    Industrial Development empowering

    the Rural Areas

    A Start from the development of indigenous

    industries in rural areas.

    Mahatma Institute for rural Industrialization:

    o Assistance provided for setting up various

    industries in rural areas.

    Technological Factor improvement in the rural

    areas.

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    Some Models Implemented for Rural

    Development

    Case of Pepsi Foods

    o Benefits to Farmers

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    THANK YOU