RIBA Catalog2

download RIBA Catalog2

of 59

  • date post

    03-Jun-2018
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    218
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of RIBA Catalog2

  • 8/12/2019 RIBA Catalog2

    1/59

    l

    I

    I

    I

    I

    I

    i \

    I

    EXPLORING

    M TERI LS

    The

    work of

    eter Rice

    Royal Gold Medallist 1992

    Royal

    Institute

    of

    British Architects

    66

    ortland

    lace

    London W

    l

    N 4AD

    June 30th - August 25th 992

    RIB

    G L L ER Y

  • 8/12/2019 RIBA Catalog2

    2/59

    CIT TION

    Peter

    Rice is one of

    the foremost

    structural engineers

    of

    his time. His

    work hos greatly advanced

    architecture, reaffirming the deep

    creative interconnection between

    humanism and sc ience,

    art and

    technology . His

    many

    distinguished

    contributions started with his

    appointment

    as site engineer for

    Ove

    rup and Partners to the Sydney

    Opera

    House, after which he

    designed the structure at the

    Pompidou Centre in Paris, where his

    innovative choice of cost steel

    enabled the scale

    of

    this

    large

    building to be sympathetic to the

    fabric of the city.

    His

    approach

    to using materials hos

    always been innovative

    and

    sympathetic to their nature. Yet he

    hos never pursued innova tion

    for

    its

    own sake, but to

    improve

    the quality

    of buildings

    and

    human life.

    Noteworthy in this context ore his

    travelling workshops

    for Otronto

    in

    Italy where, with his

    partner

    Renzo

    Piano (himself a Royal

    Gold

    Medallist), he invented collapsible

    fabric tents

    to

    provide the means by

    having to leave their homes. His

    collaborations with Piano hove

    always produced work of the highest

    order. Perhaps the most impressive

    result

    of

    their

    teamwork

    is the De

    Menil Collection Museum at Houston,

    Texos, where his choice

    of

    ferro-

    concrete

    and

    ductile

    iron for

    the

    leaves

    of

    the roof,

    allowed

    a

    marvellous quality

    of

    light in the

    interior.

    He hos worked with

    many other

    architects besides Piano. His gloss

    walls at the Science Museum at

    o

    Villette in Paris incorporate

    components

    from

    the

    motor

    industry to

    allow

    vistas

    of great

    splendour; his

    canopy under

    the

    Grande

    Arche

    at o

    Defense brings

    human

    scale to a huge

    monument; his ingenious

    collaboration

    with

    Michael

    Hopkins

    and

    Partners in the design of the

    Lord's

    Mound

    Stand enabled the

    immemorial English village tradition

    of

    watching cricket

    from

    tents

    and

    pavilions to be reinvoked in our own

    days for large numbers of people in

    the middle of London.

    which local inhabitants could

    improve

    He hos mode a

    great

    contribution

    to

    their own surroundings without

    anchoring

    the

    art

    of

    architecture to

    real life, real science

    and

    real

    modernity. His contribution

    to

    the

    creative process

    is

    continuous, both in

    relation to other members

    of

    the team

    for

    a

    particular

    project

    and

    to the

    art

    of architecture in general. For him,

    the creative process

    is

    not

    linear but a

    loop

    between interactive disciplines.

    The creation

    of

    architecture is

    mode

    up

    of periods of silence, of sudden

    intuition and of passionate teamwork,

    and

    the quintessence

    of

    this

    is

    Peter

    Rice

    . His passionate belief

    that

    technology

    is

    a tool to be used with

    imagination for

    the benefit

    of

    mankind

    hos inspired a generation

    of

    designers of buildings

    of

    all

    disciplines.

  • 8/12/2019 RIBA Catalog2

    3/59

  • 8/12/2019 RIBA Catalog2

    4/59

    N ENGINEER

    S VIEW

    We

    live in a

    time when

    the

    capacity

    to design

    and

    construct

    buildings is

    increasing

    doily

    .

    Often

    the t

    ime

    lapse

    between concept

    and completion

    of a

    building is

    no

    more

    than

    18

    months .

    Time

    is money and

    the

    emph

    a

    sis

    is

    increasingly

    on

    speed

    of

    design

    and

    construction.

    n

    the process much

    of

    the fun

    and

    personal ity hos been eliminated from

    the

    buildings

    we build . I am

    interested in the ways in

    which

    the

    engineer con help to

    bring

    bock

    some of the joy

    and

    excitement which

    characterises

    many of

    the

    buildings

    we

    admire from

    the post.

    Most

    buildings hove or should hove a

    life expectancy

    greater than

    man

    and

    people

    therefore feel on

    enormous

    responsibility

    for

    the built environment

    in a general sense. It

    more

    than

    anything

    else represents the legacy

    of

    our

    time

    .

    Port of the

    problem is

    the sheer

    power and capacity

    of the

    building

    industry

    of today and

    the

    philosophy

    which und erlies it. The legacy we

    leave behind

    is more

    a testament

    to

    the

    power

    of

    our

    industry

    than

    to

    any

    sensitivity to the role of

    man

    and the

    environment. People con

    no longer

    see the relationship between

    indiv

    idual

    capacity to

    build

    individual

    inventiveness

    and

    the

    physical

    environment

    being

    constructed by industry

    and

    designed

    by architects

    and

    engineers.

    P

    eople

    hove always so

    ught

    to

    build

    quickly

    . But

    today

    we con

    do

    it

    more

    quickly much

    larger

    and more

    often

    than

    ever

    before We

    con

    and do

    destroy

    and

    recreate a

    neighbou

    r

    hood

    or

    even a city in the

    historical equivalent of the time to

    wink on

    eye.

    o build quickly we must standardise.

    We

    must use industrial techniqu

    es

    .

    Components

    become industrial

    elements which ore used

    and

    re-used

    to create

    giant

    focodes .

    Similar

    buildings multiply

    over the

    landscape

    and

    the

    building

    components

    dominate

    the architecture

    and

    the

    growth and power

    of

    technology

    is

    given the

    blame

    . To counteract this

    architects

    and

    designers hove

    returned to the forms

    and

    images

    of

    old. But to

    do

    this misses the point

    and

    the p

    roblem

    What

    is

    needed

    is

    something which returns the

    human

    scale

    and human

    involvement lo

    buildings

    .

    t is

    the feel i

    ng that people

    ore unimportant when compared to

    the industrial process which

    is

    so

    damaging

    The Victorians succeeded

    where

    we

    do

    not.

    Industry

    and

    its power and capacity

    were

    new to them

    . Designers enjoyed

    the

    freedom to

    experiment

    to

    enjoy

    themselves to innovate to explore

    the possibilities of this

    new power to

    manufacture and

    create.

    t

    con be

    seen in the best

    of

    those

    buildings

    which survive. Go to the Grand

    Palois in

    Pa

    ris

    and one

    marvels that it

    is

    so fine

    and that

    we hove

    foiled to

    do as well since. And that is or

    should be surprising.

    We

    hove

    learned so much

    about

    steel

    and

    gloss

    and how

    structures

    work

    since

    then . Where hos the knowledge

    gone? Hos it

    become

    smothered by

    industry

    and

    desire to standardise? I

    believe so. The

    languag

    e

    of

    the

    standard ised industrial product the I

    Section the

    tube

    hos

    dominated

    the

    ind ivid uality. The joy

    and

    the

    delight

    hove

    become

    smothered. These

    elements have

    got

    to be returned.

    That

    is

    the real objective.

    And

    the

  • 8/12/2019 RIBA Catalog2

    5/59

    possibilities ore there. Computers and

    computer logic ore being used to

    improve efficiency but there is

    another side to them and we should

    exploit it.

    Computers con be used

    to

    explore

    structures and structural forms which

    would hove been impossible before.

    Techniques now exist to analyse

    and

    examine aspects of structural

    behaviour which were considered

    immutable before. Structures which

    change their

    topology

    con be

    considered. These ore structures

    which hove one set of members

    fo