REVIEW OF TOURISM CONCEPTS

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Transcript of REVIEW OF TOURISM CONCEPTS

  • 1. Chapter 1Chapter 1Chapter 1Chapter 1BASIC CONCEPTS IN THEBASIC CONCEPTS IN THETOURISM INDUSTRYTOURISM INDUSTRY(REVIEW)(REVIEW)
  • 2. TOURISMTOURISM comprises ofcomprises of activitiesactivities of aof a personspersonstravellingtravelling to and staying in placesto and staying in placesoutside their usual environmentoutside their usual environment forfornot more than one consecutive year fornot more than one consecutive year forleisure, business and otherleisure, business and otherpurposespurposes. (official UNWTO definition).. (official UNWTO definition).
  • 3. TYPES AND SCOPE OFTYPES AND SCOPE OFTOURISMTOURISM INBOUNDINBOUND OUTBOUNDOUTBOUND DOMESTICDOMESTIC NATIONALNATIONAL INTERNATIONALINTERNATIONAL
  • 4. TOURISM STAKEHOLDERSTOURISM STAKEHOLDERS VISITORSVISITORS BUSINESSESBUSINESSES HOST COMMUNITYHOST COMMUNITY GOVERNMENT (LOCAL ANDGOVERNMENT (LOCAL ANDINTERNATIONAL)INTERNATIONAL)
  • 5. Elements of Tourism SystemElements of Tourism System(Leiper, 1995):(Leiper, 1995): The tourists or travellers who are leaving and returningThe tourists or travellers who are leaving and returningto their region of origin,to their region of origin, The travel and tourism industry, andThe travel and tourism industry, and The geographic regions which are composed of the:The geographic regions which are composed of the: Travel Generating RegionTravel Generating Region Transit RouteTransit Route Tourist Destination RegionTourist Destination Region
  • 6. Profiling:Profiling:The TOURISTS andThe TOURISTS andEXCURSIONISTSEXCURSIONISTSThe TOURISTS andThe TOURISTS andEXCURSIONISTSEXCURSIONISTS
  • 7. TYPE OF TOURISTSTYPE OF TOURISTSMarket-SegmentsMICEBalikbayan segmentsShort-haulLong-hauldomesticforeign
  • 8. REASONS FOR TRAVELING
  • 9. Motivation for TravelMotivation for TravelMotivation for TravelMotivation for Travel Reasons which can be considered as theReasons which can be considered as themotivational factors for journey.motivational factors for journey. push and pull factorspush and pull factors Stanley Plog (1973) Psychocentric andStanley Plog (1973) Psychocentric andAllocentricAllocentric Abraham Maslow (1954)- Hierarchy ofAbraham Maslow (1954)- Hierarchy ofneedsneeds
  • 10. Physiological Needs(hunger, thirst)Safety Needs(security, protection)Social Needs(sense of belonging, love)Esteem Needs(self-esteem)SelfActualizationMaslows Hierarchy of NeedsMaslows Hierarchy of Needs
  • 11. MOTIVATORS FOR TRAVEL1.Strengthening family bonds2.Social interaction3.Self-fulfillment4.Sexual opportunity5.Shopping6.Educational opportunity7.Escape8.Play9.Prestige10.Relaxation11.Wish fulfillment1.Strengthening family bonds2.Social interaction3.Self-fulfillment4.Sexual opportunity5.Shopping6.Educational opportunity7.Escape8.Play9.Prestige10.Relaxation11.Wish fulfillment
  • 12. 1. Cost of travel2. Lack of time3. Health4. Family stage5. Lack of interest6. Fear and safetyTravel De-Motivators