Retrofitting Suburbia

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Transcript of Retrofitting Suburbia

  • 1.All illustrations are for educational purposes. Copyright not received or given.

2. AIA Houston is a Registered Provider with The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems (AIA/CES). Credit(s) earned on completion of this program will be reported to AIA/CES for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for both AIA members and non-AIA members are available upon request. This program is registered with AIA/CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation. 3. Course Description In October 2010, the AIA/CES system was updated with the new CES Discovery system, in that time we have transferred more than one million records. This new update has made it necessary to remind us of the AIA/CES policies and procedures, to introduce the new provider ethics, and to reintroduce the AIA/CES audits/quality assurance program. This presentation covers those areas giving providers the opportunity to give feedback and input. SAMPLE SLIDE 4. Learning Objectives At the end of this program, participants will be able to: 1. Distinguish the three major urban design strategies in suburban redevelopment and their appropriateness to different locations and market conditions 2. Instruct communities and clients on the impact of changing suburban demographics on development patterns and markets 3. Differentiate the environmental health and public health advantages of walkable, mixed-use, and compact places versus automobile-dependent spaces 4. Cite a variety of precedents for retrofitting different suburban property types into more sustainable places 5. This concludes The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems Course Ellen Dunham-Jones Georgia Institute of Technology edj@gatech.edu 6. 1100 malls: 150+ dead, 300 sick 60,000+ strip malls, 11% vacancy rate 350,000+ big box stores, 300 mil vacant sf Retail square footage/capita in shopping centers: U.S.A. 23sf (up from 15 in 1986) Canada 13sf Australia 11sf Sweden 3sf (largest in Europe) Discretionary shopping as % of GLA: 1971: 25.7% , up to 31.9% in 2010 Source: Co-Star, Michael Nimira, ICSC 7. On average, urban dwellers in the U.S. have 1/3 the carbon footprint of suburban dwellers. Interpolation from various studies imperative : climate change 8. The shift from the industrial to the post-industrail economy has shifted the public health focus from infectious disease to chronic disease. Suburban development patterns have been linked with sedentary lifestyles, dramatic increases in obesity and consequent higher risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Centers for Disease Control, Healthy Communities Initiative imperative : health: obesity 9. imperative : poverty Since 2005, more Americans in poverty have been living in suburbs than in cities and their numbers are growing at a faster rate. The Brookings Institution. Between 2000 and 2008, large suburbs saw the fastest growing low- income populations across community types. The Brookings Institution. El Paso and McAllen metros lead the nation w/ 35-36% suburban poverty ScrapteTV. com Center for American Progress 10. imperative : affordability Average U.S. household spending on transportation is 19% of income. -9-12% in walkable urbanism -25% in drivable suburbanism -30% for those in the lower income 1/2 of U.S. households Center for Neighborhood Technology( 2005) 11. ABOGO and the Housing + Transportation Affordability Index Center for Neighborhood Technologies, http://htaindex.cnt.org A household at 500 McKinney St spends approx $663/month on transportation ($3.39/gallon) The Houston regional average is $1166/month 12. Housing + Transportation Affordability Index Center for Neighborhood Technologies, http://htaindex.cnt.org 13% of Houston Metro households live in areas with walkable blocks 80% of Houston households contribute more than 6.5 tonnes of GHG emissions/year, 55% are at o r a b o v e t h e 8 . 6 t o n n e s / y e a r ( t h e h i g h e s t n u m b e r c a l c u l a t e d ) 13. market driver headlines : demographic shifts suburbia simply isnt family-focused anymore. 2/3 of suburban hhs dont have kids, 85% of new hhs wont through 2025 . Millennials are looking for nightlife and value wifi and connectedness more than cars. the new centers as metros have expanded, first ring suburbs and commercial corridors now have central locations, often meriting densification and urbanization of their underperforming asphalt. 14. 43 regionally-significant walkable urban places 75% price premium for office rents 71% price premium for multi-family residential rents/sales Retail lags only 13% in walk-ups in 2009 cycle, despite $6.71/sf premium for each tier ranking 77% have or are considering rail transit Walk UPS = 11% of metro area, but 33% of metro real estate income strategy: DC Walk UPS 2012 Findings GWU: Chris Leinberger, Mariela Alfonso 15. 22 Regionally-significant walkable urban places 7 regionally-significant emerging walkable urban places 16% price premium for office rents 120% price premium for multi-family residential rents/sales 116% price premium for retail rents strategy: ATL Walk UPS 2013 preliminary findings GWU: Chris Leinberger, Mason Austin ARC: Jared Lombard, Dan Reuter GT: Ellen Dunham-Jones 16. relocalization of people, place, and landscape diversification of incomes and activities tactical urbanism, crowdsourcing, and collaborative consumption cheap space for community- serving uses third places strategy : Re-inhabitation 17. Source unverified Build a Better Block Oak Cliff, Texas Jason Roberts and Team Build a Better Block 18. Congress for the New Urbanism: Next Gen short-term projects for long-term gains pavement to plaza depave parklet yarnbombing Walk posters guerrilla grafting 19. From Wal-Mart to Public Library McAllen Public Library, McAllen TX; Boultinghouse Simpson Gates Architects, Meyer Scherer Rockcastle Architects Lara Swimmer 20. Meds & Eds: From dying mall to revived mall and university medical center One Hundred Oaks, Nashville, TN: ATR & Assoc., Gresham Smith and Partners Architects Source unverified 21. From Mies van der Rohe gas station to Sr and Youth Center Le Station, Nuns Island, Quebec, Arrondisement of Verdun, Eric Gauthier -FABG Architects, 2011 Geothermal heating allowed removal of the HVAC system to cleanly expose the roof and ceiling systems 22. Updating the L strip mall as a third place with portals to the neighborhood Lake Grove Shopping Center, Lake Oswego, OR: Eric Shoemaker Beam Development From back to a new front to the neighborhood 23. From strip to job and town center Willingboro Town Center Willingboro, NJ Croxton Collaborative Architects 1960 1. Boscovs Furniture 2. Sears 3. Woolworths 4. Power plant 2009 1. Mail-service pharmacy 2. Office building 3. Public library w/ retail 4. Community College 5. Town Commons 6. Townhouses 7. Planted swales Courtesty Croxton Collaborative Architects MTC Aerial Photography 24. New Leaf Center Affordable Equity Partners Habitat for Humanity townhomes Social services, incu- Lease to Purchase NSP-funded bator kitchen, restau- Low-income tax credits rant, classrooms, mtg 32 cottages space, with apts abv. 5 funding sources: NPS3, CBDG, SPLOST, FHLB- AFB, Newton Federal Bank From zombie subdivision to mixed-income neighborhood: City as Master Developer Walkers Bend, Covington, GA: Covington Redevelopment Authority 25. urbanize organize buildings to create connected outdoor rooms and walkable street networks densify and diversify: reward the pedestrian eye green the infrastructure strategy: Redevelopment 26. from 69 houses to TOD with 2,250 d.u., 300k sf office, 190k sf retail (2006) MetroWest, Vienna, VA: Pulte Homes, Lessard Arch Group, EDAW. 27. From grocery anchored strip mall to village center The A&P Lofts, Old Cloverdale, Montgomery AL City Loft Corporation, McAlpine Tankersley Architecture, The Colonial Company 28. 1985 2005 2025 Source: Dunham-Jones, Williamson 2009 from strip center to attachable urbanism Mashpee Commons, Cape Cod, MA 1988-present Cornish Assoc. Ltd / Duany Plater-Zyberk & Co / Imai, Keller Moore 29. from strip center to attachable urbanism Mashpee Commons, Cape Cod, MA 1988-present Cornish Assoc. Ltd / Duany Plater-Zyberk & Co / Imai, Keller Moore skinny liner stores screen parking lots and provide incubator retail space for local shops -highest grossing $/s.f. on the site 30. From strip mall to Main Street with high-end shop, live, stay and now, office Santana Row, San Jose, CA: Federal Realty Trust, Street Works, SB Archts, BAR Archts In 10 years its grown from 35 to 100 merchants, 622 resl units (w/ 20% premium) and has contributed more than $40 mil in property tax and $24mil in sales tax in 2011. 31. From dead mall to upscale live-work-play during a down market CityCentre, Houston, TX: Midway Cos.; Gensler; Kirksey Architects, James Burnett 32. From strip mall to PPP-funded town center Sugar Land Town Square, Sugarland, TX: Planned Community Developers Ltd., 33. transit triggers infill of an office park University Town Center, Hyattsville, MD Prince Georges Metro Center, Inc. Parker Rodriguez RTKL Associates WDG Architecture 34. University Town Center 1940 a large farm estate adjacent to the village of Hyattsville 35. Highway triggers a mall, the office park, and buffer buildings University Town Center 1980 36. transit triggers infilling with new Main St, plaza and parking deck University Town Center 2020 37. First retrofit triggers four more University Town Center 2020 (revised 6/10) 38. New Main StreetNnNEw 39. From a park-n-ride +