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  • Restructuring the maritime transportation industry : Global overviewof sustainable development practices

    TUDES ET RECHERCHES EN TRANSPORT

    TRANSPORTATIONSYSTEMS

  • TUDES ET RECHERCHES EN TRANSPORT

    TRANSPORTATIONSYSTEMS

    Restructuring the maritime transportation industry : Global overviewof sustainable development practices

    Claude ComtoisBrian Slack

  • RESTRUCTURING THE MARITIME TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY. GLOBAL OVERVIEW OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PRACTICES

    Claude Comtois Centre for Research on Transportation

    Universit de Montral Department of geography

    and

    Brian Slack

    Centre for Research on Transportation Concordia University

    Department of Geography

    Undertaken for the ministre des Transports du Qubec

    April 2007

  • This study was undertaken at the request of the ministre des Transports du Qubec and received financial support from the Direction de la recherche et de lenvironnement. The contents of this report reflect the views of the authors and not necessarily the official views or opinions of the ministre des Transports du Qubec. References to a law or regulation are given for information purposes only. These references under no circumstances are to be used to reach a decision or to undertake actions. Readers are asked to refer to the original Acts to obtain information concerning enforcement. Collaborators Chantal Ouellet, Secrtariat au transport maritime et la mise en valeur du Saint-Laurent, ministre des Transports du Qubec (MTQ) Jean Franois Cappuccilli, Centre for Research on Transportation, Universit de Montral Jason Burke, Joe Ronzio, John Nick Sanders and Vronique Vendette, Department of Geography, Concordia University Reading Committee (December 2004) Jean-Pierre Beaumont, Service de lenvironnement, MTQ Pierre DArcy, Comit de concertation navigation, Garde ctire canadienne Danielle Duranceau, Transports Canada Marcel Labrecque, Administration portuaire de Qubec Claude Mailloux, Socit de dveloppement conomique du Saint-Laurent (SODES) Lyne Martin, Administration portuaire de Montral Diane-Michle Potvin, Service de la coordination de la recherche et de linnovation, MTQ Nicole Trpanier, Armateurs du Saint-Laurent Legal deposit Bibliothque nationale du Qubec, 2007 ISBN 978-2-550-49270-2 ISBN 978-2-550-49271-9 (pdf)

  • ANALYTICAL REPORT FORM

    Transports Qubec Publication No

    RTQ-07-01 Title and subtitle

    Restructuring the maritime transportation industry : global overview of sustainable development practices Publication of the report (Year Month)

    2007-04

    Title of research projet

    Maritime Transportation : Development of the Sustainable Navigation Concept for the St.Lawrence

    Contrat No (RRDD-AA-CCXX)

    2520-02-QZ01 Project N

    R421.1P3

    Author (s)

    Claude Comtois and Brian Slack

    Starting date

    April 2002

    Finishing date

    March 2005

    Project officer

    Chantal Ouellet

    Cost

    80 000 $ Performing organisation (name and address) Centre for research on transportation Montral university P.O.Box 6128, Downtown branch Montral (Qubec) H3C 3J7 and Department of geography Concordia University 1455, de Maisonneuve West Montral (Qubec) H3G 1M8

    Sponsoring agency (name and address) Direction de la recherche et de lenvironnement 930, chemin Sainte-Foy, 6e tage Qubec (Qubec) G1S 4X9

    Problem Elsewhere in the world, is sustainable development fashioning maritime transport development? What are the best practices of ports and shipping lines? Should marine community of the Saint Lawrence adopt some of these practices to further develop a sustainable maritime transport? These are some of the issues from which an international portrait, a unique reference tool, was conceived.

    Objectives The aim of the study was to transmit to the marine community (ministry of Transport, industry, environmental groups and local community), an evaluation of best practices of sustainable development applied to ports and shipping.

    Mthodology From an analysis of the web sites of 800 ports and 120 shipping lines, completed with interviews in United States, Europe and Asia, the researchers Claude Comtois and Brian Slack undertook a global overview : the marine industry is being restructured; more and more adopting practices of sustainable maritime transport allows to maintain or strengthen the competitiveness of ports and shipping lines.

    Rsults and recommandations In the final report, the development conditions shaping the industry are presented. The types of environmental issues confronting the industry are then identified. This is followed by a detailed examination of the development of short sea shipping around the world in terms of operating conditions, promotion policies and environmental impacts. The elements, mechanisms and constraints linked with applying sustainable development practices are explained. Finally, the competing factors of environmental performance and their implications for the Great Lakes-Saint-Lawrence system are underlined. The Ministry supports the development of a sustainable maritime transport, notably through research.

    Language of document Franais Anglais

    Autre (spcifier) :

    Key words Sustainable maritime transportation

    No. of pages

    220 No. of bibliographical references

    124

  • RESTRUCTURING THE MARITIME TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY. GLOBAL OVERVIEW OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PRACTICES

    SUMMARY Sustainable development strategies are a reality. Sustainable development is a model for growth that secures social equity and allows economic progress while preserving resources and ecosystems. Everywhere, these strategies aim at achieving a balance between the economic, social and environmental pillars of growth processes. Henceforth, transport systems must be economically viable while taking into consideration the social and environment conditions of the host communities. In this regard maritime transport has a major role to play. It is an efficient mode, capable of handling large quantities of freight, and with the capacity to take on traffic diverted from overloaded land transport systems. Maritime transport is particularly well suited to playing a major role in the achievement of sustainable development. However, despite being perceived as a green mode of transport, it does generate some negative effects on the environment. This raises a series of issues at the basis of this analysis. What are the issues of port development, marine shipping and sustainable development at the international level? What are the current best practices? How can sustainable development be applied to the Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence system? These issues are analyzed on the basis of international fieldwork supported by a review of the scientific literature, government reports and the annual reports of port authorities and shipping lines. In addition, we have undertaken a content analysis of the web sites of 800 port authorities and 120 shipping lines, and interviewed 47 people from universities, governments and industry. The results of our study comprise seven components. Contemporary conditions shaping the development of transport systems Transport systems constitute a fundamental element in the formation of economic spaces. All scenarios of economic growth rest on an increase in freight, passenger and information traffic. Between 1996 and 2000, growth in world trade has exceeded that of the world maritime fleet. This reflects improved productivity in the maritime fleet through an increase in ship loading capacity . More importantly, this improvement brings to light the cumulative connections between infrastructures, industrial production and the built environment. World regions cannot avoid intermodalism. This function rests on the most important markets, those that generate the highest revenues and offer the greatest potential for growth. In addition, the organization of transport linked to intermodal and technological progress is increasingly based on the quality of logistic services.

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  • RESTRUCTURING THE MARITIME TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY. GLOBAL OVERVIEW OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PRACTICES

    Intermodalism and logistics generate major economic, social and environmental upheavals. Sustainable development perspectives are increasingly defined to take into account the role and function of maritime transport. Sustainable maritime transport The literature review and the international data collected between April 1, 2003 and March 10, 2005, demonstrate that long-term sustainable development includes environmental, social and economic dimensions. There is widespread consensus on the importance of these three dimensions. The environmental dimension requires balancing of the interactions between human activities and the natural environment. For the social dimension, the objective is to find solutions to contemporary problems raised by technology and economic growth in order to channel changes to respect present and future societies, in the context of democratic participation and international legislation. For the economic dimension, the objective is to orientate progress in the direction of economic efficiency. The literature review shows that environmental conditions may complicate, delay, or constrain maritime transport. The competitiveness of ports and shipping companies is partly determined by the physical geography of coastal zones and passages, which may limit port expansion and the ability to accommodate ever-larger ships. Technology has given the maritime industry the ability to modify the environment. These modifications that impact on the biophysical environment engender costs: vulnerable ecosystems may