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  • SASEC Second Bangladesh–India Electrical Grid Interconnection Project (RRP BAN 44192)

    i

    Resettlement Plan (Draft)

    July 2015

    BAN: SASEC Second Bangladesh–India Electrical

    Grid Interconnection Project

    Prepared by Power Grid Company of Bangladesh (PGCB) for the Asian Development Bank

    This Resettlement Plan is a document of the borrower. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of ADB’s Board of Directors, Management, or staff and may be preliminary in nature. In preparing any country programme or strategy, financing any project, or by making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.

    http://adb.org/Documents/RRPs/?id=44192-016-3 http://adb.org/Documents/RRPs/?id=44192-016-3

  • i

    ABBREVIATIONS

    ADB Asian Development Bank

    ARIPO Acquisition and Requisition of Immovable Property Ordinance

    BPDB Bangladesh Power Development Board

    CHT Chittagong Hill Tracts

    CSR Corporate Social Responsibility

    DC Deputy Commissioner

    DESCO Dhaka Electricity Supply Company Ltd

    DMS Detailed Measurement Survey

    DP Displaced Person

    DPDC Dhaka Power Distribution Company

    EA Executing Agency

    GAP Gender Action Plan

    GRC Grievance Redress Committee

    GRM Grievance Redress Mechanism

    HIES Household Income and Expenditure Survey

    IDB Islamic Development Bank

    IOL Inventory of Losses

    IP Indigenous People

    JVT Joint Valuation Team

    LILO Line In Line Out

    MOPEMR Ministry of Power Energy and Mineral Resources

    PGCB Power Grid Company of Bangladesh

    PMU Project Management Unit

    PVAT Property Valuation Advisory Team

    ROW Right of way

    RP Resettlement Plan

    RU Resettlement Unit

    SEC Small Ethnic Community

    T/L Transmission Line

  • TABLE OFCONTENTS

    Executive Summary

    I. Introduction 1

    II. Project Description 1

    III. Objectives of the Resettlement Plan 2

    IV. Scope of Land Acquisition and Involuntary Resettlement Impact 4

    V. Socio-Economic Information and Profile of the Area 9 Methodology of the Social Analysis 9 General Socio-Economic Profile of the Area 9 Review and Analysis of Socioeconomic Survey Data 10 Key Findings from Socio-economic Survey 10 Impact on Indigenous Peoples (IP): 11 Consultation, Participation and Information Disclosure 11 Grievance Redress Mechanism 12

    VI. Legal Framework 13

    VII. Land Acquisition and Resettlement Principles 13 Gaps Between Laws of Bangladesh and the ADB Involuntary

    Resettlement Policy 14

    VIII. Compensation Framework 21

    IX. Relocation of Housing and Settlements 25 X Income Livelihood Restoration and Rehabilitation 25 XI. Resettlement Budget and Financing Plan 26

    XII. Institutional Arrangements 28

    XIII. Implementation Schedule 29

    XIV. Monitoring and Reporting 30

    Annex 1 Deed of land transfer from Bangladesh Railway to PGCB 32 Annex 2 Socio-economic profile of the project affected people 35 Annex 3 List of Stakeholders at Focus Group Discussions at Iswardee

    and Bheramara 40

    Annex 4 Guideline on internal Monitoring

    43

    List of Tables a. Assessment of the Temporary Impacts of Transmission Lines 8 b. Demographic Scenario of the Project Area 9 c. Grievance Redress Procedure 12 d. A compliance Review of the Bangladesh Laws and Regulations and

    the Involuntary Resettlement Safeguard Principles of the ADB Safeguard Policy Statement of 2009

    16

    e. Entitlement Matrix 21 f. Indicative Budget for Compensation 26 g. RP Implementation Schedule 29

  • iii

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    Project description: In order to mitigate the power crisis and demand shortfall, an agreement was

    signed between the governments of Bangladesh and India for procurement of additional 500

    megawatts of power from India through back to back High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) system

    which will be installed at the same premises of existing HVDC station at Bheramara, Kushtia. To

    evacuate the additional power from said HVDC system, Power Grid Company of Bangladesh Limited

    (PGCB) intends to construct Power Transmission Line from Bheramara 400/230kV sub-station 1 at

    Kushtia district, to Ishwardi 230/132 kV sub-station at Pabna district within the mid-western regions

    of Bangladesh across the mighty river Padma. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the

    Government of Bangladesh will provide financial assistance for the project.The total estimated cost

    of the project is $198 million with financial contribution of $ 120 million from ADB. The Executing

    Agency is PGCB.

    Scope of land acquisition and involuntary resettlement impact: According to the feasibility study

    of CEGIS 2 and focus group discussions (FGD) conducted during the socio-economicsurveys (SES),

    construction of 500 MW back-to-back HVDC sub-station at Bheramarawill be done within the same

    campus of the existing 500 MW HVDC sub-station (area of 113 acres) constructed under the

    SASEC Bangladesh India Electric Grid interconnection Project, owned by PGCB. PGCB also has

    enough land at Iswardi substation to erect the towers and other instrument inside the substation

    required for receiving the incoming 230 kV line. So, there is no need of land acquisition (LA) for

    the2substations and no people will be physically or economically displaced for this intervention. As a

    result, the lengthy procedure of LA following the Acquisition and Requisition of Immovable Property

    Ordinance 1982 (ARIPO) will not be required.

    A total of around 40 towers will be constructed along the proposed 12 km transmission line from

    Bheramara400/230kV sub-stationto Ishwardi 230/132 KV sub-station. The right of way (ROW) for

    230kV transmission line is 20 meters on each sides of the center line. This transmission line and the

    transmission towers will have temporaryimpact on people, crop and trees of the project impact area.

    Construction of high rise buildings, plantation of tall trees, etc. under the aerial lines will be restricted

    upto a certain height. . The number of persons to be potentially affected by the temporary

    economic displacement due to the construction works has been estimated at 281 people covering

    44 acres of land.

    According to the prevailing practice for all previous and ongoing power transmission projects, PGCB

    will not acquire the land below the transmission towers, rather use the ROW after providing

    adequate compensation and special assistance to the Affected Persons (APs) for re-establishing

    theincome and livelihoodin accordance with the ElectricityAct 1910 and ADB’s Safeguards Policy

    Statement (SPS) 2009, as well as by following ‘best practice’ in Bangladesh.

    1 Bheramara substation has a 400 kV incoming from Indian side to HVDC and 230 kV outgoing side towards national grid. The new

    transmission line will evacuate from 230 kV side. 2 Center for Environmental and Geographic Information Services

  • Socio-economic profile of the project impact area. The transmission lines will run over 11

    villages 3 of Kushthia and Pabna district. The SES conducted in the project area shows that there are

    32 affected households in the project area consisting 117 members. This includes 62 males and 55

    females. Out of the 32 household surveyed, maximum16 are in village Char Gopalnagor and

    minimum1 is in Christi. The sex ratio of male and female of this affected population is 53 % males

    and 47% female. The average family size is 3.66 members per HH which is below the national

    average.

    Most of the households are functionally landless 4 and 31.25% are marginal

    5 to small

    6 farm holders.

    There is no household in the area with a large land holding group. Most of the landless and marginal

    farmers are having their livelihood from neighboring government khas land. It is observed that the

    size of khas land or leased land under cultivation of each farmer is usually bigger than what he

    owns.About 21.9% of total population is engaged in business, where 37.5% are in service, 6% are

    engaged in household work, and about 34.4% of population is working in other sector. There is no

    idle work force in the locality. Although the economy of the broader area is based on agriculture as

    mentioned in the BBS 7 reports, the sample population surveyed along the ROW did not have any

    APs completely living on agriculture. The agriculture products are secondary sources of income for

    the APS. Most of the people’s annual income and expenditure varies from BDT60,000 to

    BDT720,000.

    There is no women-headed household in the project area that could be termed as vulnerable AP.

    Poverty was measured through self-assessment in the study area. In this process the respondents

    were asked to assess t