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  • ED 457 025

    AUTHOR

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    INSTITUTION

    REPORT NO ISBN PUB DATE NOTE AVAILABLE FROM

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    EDRS PRICE DESCRIPTORS

    IDENTIFIERS

    ABSTRACT

    DOCUMENT RESUME

    SE 065 188

    Gonzales, Patrick; Calsyn, Christopher; Jocelyn, Leslie; Mak, Kitty; Kastberg, David; Arafeh, Sousan; Williams, Trevor; Tsen, Winnie Pursuing Excellence: Comparisons of International Eighth-Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement from a U.S. Perspective, 1995-1999. Initial Findings from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study--Repeat. Statistical Analysis Report. National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC NCES-2001-028 ISBN-0-16-050748-0 2001-05-00 133p. ED Pubs, P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398. Tel: 877-433-7827 (Toll Free); Web site: http://www.ed.gov/pubs/edpubs.html. Numerical/Quantitative Data (110) -- Reports Descriptive

    (141)

    MF01/PC06 Plus Postage. *Academic Achievement; Criterion Referenced Tests; Foreign Countries; *Grade 8; Item Analysis; Junior High Schools; Mathematics Education; *Performance Based Assessment; Science Education; Tables (Data) *Third International Mathematics and Science Study

    The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is one of the most comprehensive international studies of schooling and students' achievement in science and mathematics. TIMSS was originally conducted in 1995. Four years later in 1999, the Third International Mathematics and Science Study-Repeat (TIMSS-R) was conducted. This document presents information on how U.S. eighth grade students performed in both studies and questions whether there have been any significant changes in achievement from an international perspective. Contents are divided into four chapters. Chapter 1 explains the importance of international comparison in education and the reasons for repeating TIMSS, identifies questions used and participating countries, discusses how the research was conducted, and presents the organization of the report. Chapter 2 discusses the mathematics and science achievement of the eighth grade students and presents student scores in both studies. Chapter 3 reviews issues related to curriculum and

    teaching, confidence levels of teachers, professional development, peer cooperation and classroom practices, and activities. Chapter 4 presents questions raised by the results of this report. (YDS)

    Reproductions supplied by EDRS are the best that can be made from the original document.

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    NATIONAL CENTER FOR EDUCATION STATISTICS Statistical Analysis Report May 2001

    Pursuing Excellence: Comparisons of International

    Eighth-Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement from a U.S.

    Perspective, 1995 and 1999

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    INITIAL FINDINGS FROM THE

    THIRD INTERNATIONAL MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE STUDY REPEAT

    OFFICE OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND IMPROVEMENT

    U.S. DEPARTMENI Of EDUCATION

    ICOPYAVAILABLE

    NCES 2001-028

  • Pursuing Excellence: Comparisons of International Eighth-Grade Mathematics and

    Science Achievement from a U.S. Perspective, 1995 and 1999

    Initial Findings from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study Repeat

    Patrick Gonzales Christopher Calsyn

    Leslie Jocelyn Kitty Mak

    David Kastberg Sousan Arafeh

    Trevor Williams Winnie Tsen

    United States TIMSSR Technical Review Panel

    Margaret Cozzens, co-chair

    Gordon Ambach Ruben Carriedo Colette Chabbott Denis P. Doyle Ramesh Gangolli Gerry House* Jeremy Kilpatrick Paul Kimmelman Shirley Malcom

    *through June 2000

    Susan Fuhrman, co-chair

    Jerry Pine Andrew Porter Francisco Ramirez Linda Rosen William Schmidt James W. Stigler Lisa Towne* Susan Traiman

    For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: (202) 5 I 2-1800 Fax: (202) 512-2250

    Mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-0001

    ISBN 0-16-050748-0

  • U.S. Department of Education

    Rod Paige

    Secretary

    National Center for Education Statistics

    Gary W. Phillips

    Acting Commissioner

    The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the primary federal entity for collecting, analyzing, and reporting data related to education in the United States and other nations. It fulfills a congressional mandate to collect, collate, analyze, and report full and complete statistics on the condition of education in the United States; conduct and publish reports and specialized analyses of the meaning and significance of such statistics; assist state and local education agencies in improving their statistical systems; and review and report on education activities in foreign nations.

    NCES activities are designed to address high priority education data needs; provide consistent, reliable, complete, and accurate indicators of education status and trends; and report timely, useful, and high-quality data to the U.S. Department of Education, the Congress, the states, other education policymakers, practitioners, data users, and the general public.

    We strive to make our products available in a variety of formats and in language that is appropriate to a variety of audiences. You, as our customer, are the best judge of our success in communicating information effectively. If you have any comments or sugges- tions about this or any other NCES product or report, we would like to hear from you. Please direct your comments to

    National Center for Education Statistics Office of Educational Research and Improvement U.S. Department of Education 1990 K Street NW Washington, DC 20006

    May 2001

    The NCES World Wide Web Home Page is http://nces.ed.gov

    The NCES World Wide Web Electronic Catalog is http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch

    Suggested Citation

    U.S. Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics. Pursuing Excellence: Comparisons of International Eighth- Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement from a U.S. Perspective, 1995 and 1999, NCES 2001-028, by Patrick Gonzales,

    Christopher Calsyn, Leslie Jocelyn, Kitty Mak, David Kastberg, Sousan Arafeh, Trevor Williams, and Winnie Tsen. Washington,

    DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001.

    For ordering information on this report, write:

    U.S. Department of Education ED Pubs P.O. Box 1398

    Jessup, MD 20794-1398

    Or call toll free 1-877-4EDPUBS or go to the Internet: http://www.ed.gov/pubs/edpubs.html

    Contact: Patrick Gonzales (202) 502-7346

    4

  • This report, Pursuing Excellence: Comparisons of International Eighth-Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement from a U.S. Perspective, 1995 and 1999, is a collaborative effort by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI). NCES is responsible for the analyses presented in this report. Funding for the U.S. portion of the Third International Mathematics and Science StudyRepeat (TIMSSR) was provided by NCES and NSF, with addi- tional funding from OERI.

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  • ACKNEVJEDGITEEIFS

    A report of this nature and scope is never only the work of its authors. There are teams of people who, behind the scenes, make substantial contributions of content and process that move a report like this one toward completion. The authors wish to thank all those who contributed to the design, writing, and production of this report for their thoughtful critique, insightful sugges- tions, and creativity.

    Members of the TIMSSR Interagency Management Team provided excellent ideas and direc- tion from the start. Members include Janice Earle, Larry Suter, and Elizabeth VanderPutten, of the National Science Foundation (NSF); Carol Fromboluti, Jill Edwards Staton, and Patricia Ross of OERI; Laura Lippman, Eugene Owen, and Val Plisko of NCES; and Maggie McNeely, formerly of OERI and now with the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education. The Team received valuable support from Naoko Kataoka, Jay Moskowitz, Yasmin Shaffi, and Maria Stephens of the American Institutes for Research (AIR).

    Ellen Bradburn of NCES, Laura Salganik of the Education Statistics Services Institute (ESSI), and Sally Dillow of AIR provided excellent technical and editorial advice. Invited reviewers who gave of their time and 'expertise include the members of the TIMSSR Technical Review Panel, Senta Raizen of the National Center for the Improvement of Science Education, John Dossey of Illinois State University, Mary Lindquist of Columbus State University, and Arnold Goldstein, Patrick Rooney, Jeffrey Owings, Laura Lippman, and Marilyn McMillen, all of NCES.

    Finally, the graphics and layout of the report would not have been possible without the creativ- ity of Brian Henigin and Karen Moyes of Westat.

    ON THE COVER: World 2000 mural, Copyright 2000, International Child Art Foundation. Kind permission to reproduce the artwork was granted by the International Child Art Foundation (ICAF), a Washington, DC-based nonprofit organization that nurtures, promotes, and cele- brates children's art and creativity locally, nationally, and internationally. The mural was created on the National Mall in Washington, DC, on June 30, 1999, by child artists from 50 nations around