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  • DOCUMENT RESUME

    ED 463 385 UD 034 916

    AUTHOR Cohen, JosephTITLE The Regulatory Structure Supporting Basic Education in

    Indonesia: Analysis Covering 1989 to Present. Working Paper.INSTITUTION Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC.REPORT NO REDIP-WP-8; Doc-19-ENGPUB DATE 2001-02-00NOTE 83p.; Prepared under the Regional Educational Development

    and Improvement Project (REDIP), Indonesia, 1999-2001. ForWorking Paper, VII in the series, see UD 034 915.

    PUB TYPE Reports Evaluative (142)EDRS PRICE MF01/PC04 Plus Postage.DESCRIPTORS Administrators; Community Involvement; Curriculum;

    *Decentralization; Educational Finance; *EducationalLegislation; Elementary Secondary Education; ForeignCountries; Governance; Organizational Change; StudentEvaluation; Teachers

    IDENTIFIERS *Indonesia

    ABSTRACTThis report examines the legal and regulatory structure of

    basic education in Indonesia beginning in 1989, when Education Law Number 2was enacted (from which all current regulations, policies, and procedures canbe traced) . In 1999, two key laws (Number 22 and Number 25) were passed thatrequired the decentralization of many government functions. This paperexamines the laws and their supporting executive pronouncements and makesrecommendations related to improving the functions of a decentralizededucational system. The five chapters focus on (1) "Overview of RegulatoryStructure in Indonesia"; (2) "Laws Pertaining to Basic Education"(governance, organizational structure, management, and supervision; studentpersonnel; program, curriculum, instruction, and resources; assessment,monitoring, and evaluation; educational personnel; community; educationalfinance; and other topics); (3) "Recent Legal Changes Impacting onEducation"; (4) "Discussion and Recommendations" (governance, organizationalstructure, management, and supervision; student personnel; program,curriculum, instruction, and resources; assessment, monitoring, andevaluation; educational personnel; community; educational finance; and othertopics); and (5) "Final Remarks." (SM)

    Reproductions supplied by EDRS are the best that can be madefrom the original document.

  • THE REGIONAL EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENTAND IMPROVEMENT PROJECT

    (REDIP)

    Document No. 19-ENG

    WORKING PAPER VIII:

    THE REGULATORY STRUCTURE SUPPORTING BASIC EDUCATION

    IN INDONESIA:ANALYSIS COVERING 1989 TO PRESENT

    Prepared byJoseph Cohen, Ed.D.

    School Management ConsultantREDIP Project

    Academy for Educational Development

    Jakarta. February 2001

    BEST COPY AVAILABLE

    0

    U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONOffice of Educational Research and Irnprovement

    EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES INFORMATIONCENTER (ERIC)

    %/This document has been reproduced asreceived from the person or organizationoriginating it.

    0 Minor changes have been made toimprove reproduction quality

    Points of view or opinions stated in thisdocument do not necessarily representofficial OERI position or policy.

    RDEPDIKNAS-JICAedipIbijulalkAmtbnposigracsitariggrau

    r-PERMISSION TO REPRODUCE ANDDISSEMINATE THIS MATERIAL HAS

    BEEN GRANTED BY

    1- C0144,CcliACes6A.

    TO THE EDUCATION-% S CESINFORMATION CENTER (ERIC)

    i 1

  • THE REGIONAL EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENTAND IMPROVEMENT PROJECT

    (REDIP)

    Document No. 19-ENG

    WORKING PAPER VIII:THE REGULATORY STRUCTURE SUPPORTING BASIC EDUCATION

    IN INDONESIA:ANALYSIS COVERING 1989 TO PRESENT

    Prepared byJoseph Cohen, Ed.D.

    School Management ConsultantREDIP Project

    Academy for Educational Development

    Jakarta, February 2001

    3

    RD....J.ediputl &Lau b nal Domlopn en i

    194 MOT "alt"cci

  • Working Paper VIIIThe Regulatory Structure Supporting Basic Education

    In Indonesia:Analysis Covering 1989 to Present

    Table of Contents

    Table of Contents

    Figures ii

    Selected Indonesian Terminology and Abbreviations iii

    Foreword

    Overview of the Regulatory Structure in Indonesia 1

    II Laws Pertaining to Basic Education 6

    2.1 Governance, Organizational Structure, Management andSupervision 6

    2.2 Student Personnel 132.3 Program, Curriculum, Instruction and Resources 152.4 Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation 172.5 Educational Personnel 192.6 Community 272.7 Educational Finance 302.8 Other Topics 34

    III Recent Legal Changes Impacting on Education 36

    IV Discussion and Recommendations 45

    2.1 Governance, Organizational Structure, Management andSupervision 45

    2.2 Student Personnel 522.3 Program, Curriculum, Instruction and Resources 532.4 Assessment and Evaluation 552.5 Educational Personnel 582.6 Community 612.7 Educational Finance 632.8 Other Topics 65

    V Final Remarks 68

    4

  • Figures

    1 Legal and Regulatory Process 2

    2 Summary of Laws, Rules; Regulations, and DecreesSupporting Primary and General Secondary Education 5

    3 Arrangement of the Teaching Program in the BasicEducation Curriculum 17

    4 Credit Point Requirements 23

    5 Semarang Kabupaten Organizational Structure 43

    6 Organizational Structure of MOEC 1984 47

    7 Organizational Structure of MONE 2000 48

    8 Political Structure for Education 50

    5

  • Selected Abbreviations and Indonesian Terminology

    (Note that the Indonesian "c" is pronounced as "ch." All other letters are pronounced phonetically)

    Indonesian Abbreviation

    Akta A

    Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja APBN

    Negara

    Badan Pembantu Penyelenggaraan BP3Pendidikan

    BPGBalai Penataran Guru

    Balai Pustaka

    Balitbang

    Biro Pusat Statistik

    Bupati

    Catur Wulan

    Daftar Isian Kegiatan

    Daftar Isian Proyek

    Daftar Penilaian PelaksanaanPekerjaan

    Dana Bantuan Operasional

    Dilengkapi

    Evaluasi Belajar Tahap AkhirNasional

    Fakultas Keguruan dan IlmuPendidikan

    Guru inti

    Institut Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

    Instruksi (presiden)

    Kelompok Kerja Kepala Sekolah

    Keputusan (presiden, menteri)

    Lembaga Ketahanan Masyarakat Desa

    Lembaga Musyawarah Desa

    Madrasah Aliyah

    Madrasah Tsanawiyah

    Musyawarah Guru Mata Pelajaran

    Nilai EBTANAS Murni

    Organisasi Siswa Intra Sekolah

    Paket A

    BPS

    cawu

    DIK

    DIP

    DP3

    DBO

    EBTANAS

    FKIP

    IMP

    Inpres

    KKKS

    kep (pres, men)

    LKMD

    LMD

    MA

    MTs

    MGMP

    NEM

    OSIS

    English

    Teaching certificate

    National budget

    Parents/school association

    MONE provincial training center

    State owned publishing company

    Department of Research andDevelopment, MONE

    MONE central bureau of statistics

    Head of district government

    School year divided into trimesters

    National development budget

    National routine budget

    Civil servant work assessment

    School block grants

    Amendments to existing laws

    National end-of-level examination

    University faculty of education

    Master teacher

    Teacher training college

    Presidential instruction

    Principals' working group

    Decree (president or minister)

    Village development council

    Village council

    religious primary school

    Religious junior secondary school

    Teacher support program

    Score on EBTANAS

    Student organization in schools

    Non-formal primary program

  • Paket B

    Pamong

    Pancasila

    Pansus Struktur Organisasi, TataLaksana

    Pedoman

    Pemantapan Kerja Guru (Sanggar)

    Pendidikan Keluar SekolahMasyarakat

    Peraturan Pemerintah

    Persatuan Guru Republik Indonesia

    Pesantren

    Petunjuk pelaksanaan

    Po la

    Pusat Kegiatan Belajar Masyarakat

    Pusat Pengembangan Penataran Guru

    Sekolah Intl

    Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Pertama

    Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Pertama

    Sekolah Pamong or SLTP Terbuka

    Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan IlmuPendidikan

    Struktur Organisasi, Tata LaksanaTim

    Sumbangan Pembinaan Pendidikan

    Surat Tanda Tamat Belajar

    Trikora

    Undang (undang undang)

    Universitas Terbuka

    Walikota

    Yayasan

    Non-formal junior secondaryprogram school or in non-formal

    Facilitating teacher in an openeducation

    Indonesia 5-point state ideology

    POT Organizational Structure and JobDescription Committee

    Procedures for implementationguidelines

    PKG(S) In-service teacher training (on-service) program

    PKSM Non-formal basic educationnational examination

    PP Rules and regulations of theImplementing ministry

    PGRI Teachers' association

    Residential religious school

    A ministry's implementationguidelines

    Example or model forImplementation guidelines

    Community learning center

    MONE training center

    Supervising school for SLTP Terbuka

    Junior secondary school

    Small SLTP

    Open junior secondary school

    Private teacher training school

    PKBM

    PPPG

    SLTP

    SLTP Kecil

    STKIP

    SOTT

    SPP

    STTB

    UT

    7

    Organizational Structure and JobDescription Team

    student education fees

    Certificate of school completion

    Special award

    Law (laws)

    Open University

    Head of city Or urban government

    Foundation

    iv

  • Foreword

    One major problem with a document of this type is the rapidity by which much of theinformation becomes dated. Indonesia is making a rapid transition to a decentralized system ofgovernment which is having a profound impact on its national educational system. Many of theobservations and conclusions found in this document may become moot in the near future. Thi