Report - Centro Edile Andrea Palladio · PDF fileCristina Bianchi Giovanni Rodríguez....

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Transcript of Report - Centro Edile Andrea Palladio · PDF fileCristina Bianchi Giovanni Rodríguez....

pag. 3

pg. 45

seite. 87

pag. 129

str. 171

WP2: Analysis of machinery for excavation works

Report

Los contenidos de este manual han sido desarrollados en el marco del Proyecto N2010-1-ES1-LEO05-20930 La Realidad Aumentada aplicada al mantenimiento de maquinaria de construccin, con la financiacin del Organismo Autnomo de Programas Educativos Europeos (OAPEE) dentro del Programa de Aprendizaje Permanente Leonardo da Vinci.

Fundacin Laboral de la ConstruccinJavier Gonzlez LpezM del Puy Jimnez Fernndez-SesmaElena Novillo RuizJavier Gregori CruzGloria Lorenzo CrdobaJos Alberto Andrs Lacasta

Bildungszentren Des Baugewerbes e.V.Markus Crone

Ente Scuola per la Formazione delle Maestranze Edili di PiacenzaCristina BianchiGiovanni Rodrguez

Centro Edile Andre Palladio per la Formazione Professionale delle Maestranze Edili della Provincia di Vicenza Mauro PastoreLisa Pavan

Polish British Construction Partnership Pawel Novak

Agradecemos la inestimable colaboracin para el desarrollo del proyecto a la empresa Lomaq Maquinaria SL-JCB.

Depsito legal: M-19469-2012

Augmented reality applied to machinery maintenance from construction sector

WP2: Analysis of machinery for excavation works

Report

EN

INDEX

1. Description of the proyect 7 2. Background 12 3. Estructure of the project 14

3.1 Aims 14

3.2 Workpackages 15

4. Project Partners 16 5. WP2: analysis of machinery for excavation works 18

5.1. Methodology 18 6. Results 19

6.1 Spain 196.2 Poland 226.3 Germany 266.4 Italy. Vicenza 296.5 Italy. Piacenza 356.6 Common results 39

7. Annex 42

7Augmented reality applied to machinery maintenance from construction sector

WP2: Analysis of machinery for excavation works EN

DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT

The aim of this project is to design and apply a training system on basic machinery maintenance using a new technology named Augmented Reality. This system will improve the basic skills of machinery operators related not only to its operation but also its safety.

The Augmented Reality (AR) is the term to define a direct or indirect view of the physical environment in the real world, which elements combine with virtual elements in order to create a mixed reality in real time. So, it consists in a group of devices which add virtual information to real information. This is the main difference with virtual reality, because it doesnt replace physical reality, but superimposes virtual data on real world.

1

Image 1. What is AR?

REALITY LAYER INFOR-MATION AR+ =

8 Augmented reality applied to machinery maintenance from construction sector

The AR has thousands of possibilities. In fact, there are lots of examples of AR applications on the Internet (YouTube), very useful for readers to understand how this technology works:

CARS:

Volkswagen

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i0SHraIHXAY&feature=related

BMW:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=momFRUE1YiY&feature=related

Even Ferrari is interested in this technology:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ByCJKp7J4fs&feature=related

ADVERTISEMENT:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hZNdzC34Kts&feature=related

TOYS:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lM9rH5XKWsM

FOOD:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z2ino2hwg8M&NR=1

BUSINESS:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LgVAF0YlF6s&feature=related

Taking into account AR potential the project team realized that this technology could be suitable and very useful for training operators on machinery maintenance, but first of all was necessary to carry out an analysis of what kind of machines are commonly use in the construction sector.

9Augmented reality applied to machinery maintenance from construction sector

WP2: Analysis of machinery for excavation works EN

And example of how AR would be applied to machinery maintenance is shown below:

Image 2. Detail of Augmented Reality

Image 3. Removing filter cover

10 Augmented reality applied to machinery maintenance from construction sector

Image 4. Removing principal filter

Image 5. Blowing principal filter

11Augmented reality applied to machinery maintenance from construction sector

WP2: Analysis of machinery for excavation works EN

Image 6. Placing principal filter

Image 7. Placing filter cover

12 Augmented reality applied to machinery maintenance from construction sector

BACKGROUND

National and European framework

The construction sector in Europe has an important fragmentation, because it is mainly formed by SMEs and micro SMEs, with important levels of technique, together with a intensive use of different kinds of machinery (elevation, excavation works, etc.)

Taking into account the importance of the machinery in the construction sector, a vital aspect for health and safety on site and for productivity is to carry out a proper maintenance of all machinery.

Training needs

There are four kinds or levels of maintenance: preventive, corrective, predictive and proactive. Although the levels most advanced must be carried out by highly specialized staff, in the particular case of preventive maintenance it is operators responsibility, who must carries out some basic maintenance activities in the machine.

This project is focused on excavation works because of two reasons. Firstly, because of intensive work, which emphasizes the necessity of preventive maintenance. Secondly, because of the enormous quantity of self -employers and SMEs, who own machines and are working for others companies.

2

Image 8. Maintenance levels

PREDICTIVE

CORRECTIVE

PROACTIVE

PREVENTIVEMACHINERY OPERATORS

13Augmented reality applied to machinery maintenance from construction sector

WP2: Analysis of machinery for excavation works EN

According to these reasons, it seems very important that the operators could develop basic skills related not only to its operation but also its safety.

Cost-benefit ratio

In addition to the training needs reported above, another reason that justifies the development of this project is the high cost associated with machinery training courses, basically for hiring or purchasing of machinery for training either for teaching operation or maintenance.

Fortunately, in the scope of machinery new technologies, which can be apply to training, are allowing to reduce costs, for instance, throughout the use of training simulators. So, it is here where the project would reach a higher cost-benefit ratio, because it is going to allow to train operators in maintenance only with a device that will be connected to an standard PC.

This project is based upon the outcomes obtained in the project Training system for mechanical digger operators, in which one of the most important developments was maintenance training. Furthermore, it included a experimental system based on PDA which main function was to support learning using specific checklists.

14 Augmented reality applied to machinery maintenance from construction sector

ESTRUCTURE OF THE PROJECT

The system pretends to enhance the training of operators in the field of maintenance, through the use of Augmented Reality. To reach this aim, the project will provide a system which will allow to select maintenance operations by means of a interface easy to use by the operator.

Once the operation is selected of a predetermined list, when the operator put himself/herself in front of the zone of the machine to operate, properly referenced, and using a portable device, it will emphasize in a fake color the elements in which the operator will have to work. How the operator has to carry out the required maintenance operation it will be showed in a screen, step by step, through instructions, easy guidelines and animations, either with text or audio.

Along with the step by step instructions it will appear in the screen information about health and safety hazards and environmental issues related with the task which is being carried out.

3.1 Aims

Analyze different kinds of machinery and select the most appropriate to implement the training system based on Augmented Reality

Identify basic skills related with machinery maintenance of the machine previously selected.

Develop the software to establish the training design based on Augmented Reality, and the necessary hardware for its implementation.

Carry out a training pilot experience with machinery operators in which it will test the system and, on the basis of evaluation indicators previously established, it will assess the improvement in the performance of the operators in maintenance tasks.

3

15Augmented reality applied to machinery maintenance from construction sector

WP2: Analysis of machinery for excavation works EN

3.2 Workpackages

The workpackages that are foreseen to achieve the aims of the project described above are:

WP DESCRIPCIN ACTIVIDADES

WP 1 Initial planning and global coordination of the Project

Establish functions and responsibilities of each partner of the Project.

Establish communication procedure of the pro-ject.

Carry out planning document.

WP 2 Analysis of machinery for excavation works

Carry out a FOCUS GROUP in each country in which it will analyze and select the most appropriate machine for its implementation under Augmen-ted Reality.

Select the mos