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  • Switzerland

    Switzerland

    Renewable energy incentive program

    This document may not be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose,

    without our prior written permission.

    December, 2013

  • Switzerland Country Renewable Energy Overview

    Green energy diffusion in the country

    • Solar energy (photovoltaic) • Wind mills

    • Biomass, wastes, biogas. • Incentive scheme for renewables

    Wind mills energy incentives program

    • National overview • Feed-in-tariffs

    Solar energy incentives program

    • National overview • Feed-in-tariffs • Tax credits

    Country renewable energy - Summary

    Biomass, biofuels, biogas energy, incentives program

    • National overview

    • Feed-in-tariffs

    December, 2013

    Geothermal energy

    • National overview • Feed-in-tariffs

    Hydroelectricity

    • National overview • Feed-in-tariffs

  • 0

    2,000

    4,000

    6,000

    8,000

    10,000

    12,000

    14,000

    Primary production of energy in 2010 (in 1000 toe)

    Coal

    Renewables

    Nuclear

    Natural gas

    Oil

    Switzerland Renewable energy production

    Renewable energy - Production

    December, 2013

    Thanks to its topography and high levels of annual

    rainfall, Switzerland has ideal conditions for the

    utilization of hydropower. Hydroelectric energy

    production is the leading renewable energy

    source with 62.43% of national total electricity

    production.

    The total installed renewable capacity (biomass

    + geothermal + hydroelectricity +solar +wind) in

    Switzerland increased by 1.13% from 14,031

    MW in 2010 to 14,189 MW in 2011, ranking on

    17th position globally. Over the previous 5 years,

    the total installed renewable energy capacity has

    raised by 0.44% .

    China was the world leader for total installed

    renewable capacity in 2011 with 301,440 MW,

    or 21.24 times larger than Switzerland.

    The total installed renewable capacity in

    Switzerland in 2012 represented 69.5% of total

    installed energy capacity (all conventional + all

    renewable energy sources).

    Data Source: Eurostat

  • 0

    1,000

    2,000

    3,000

    4,000

    5,000

    6,000

    1 0

    0 0

    t o e

    Primary production of renewables by type

    Wind

    Hydro

    Geothermal

    Biomass and wastes

    Solar energy

    Switzerland Renewable energy production

    Switzerland renewable energy production is

    mainly based on hydroelectric production.

    In 2011 it covered a share of 63% of total

    renewable energy production. Biomass energy

    production is the second renewable source of the

    country.

    Despite the little share, solar energy production

    has considerably grown up in the last years, such

    as wind and biomass energy production.

    December, 2013

    0

    5000

    10000

    15000

    20000

    25000

    30000

    35000

    Primary production of renewable energy,

    (1 000 toe) in 2010

    Data Source: Eurostat

  • 1.03%

    31.27%

    5.21%

    62.43%

    0.06%

    Primary Production of Renewables in 2010 (%)

    Solar energy

    Biomass and wastes

    Geothermal

    Hydro

    Wind 0

    10,000

    20,000

    30,000

    40,000

    50,000

    60,000

    70,000

    80,000

    1998 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

    G W

    h

    Switzerland electricity production 1998-2010

    Total electricity

    production

    Renewable electricity

    production

    Switzerland Green energy production

    Green energy production

    69824 GWh (2012)

    37954 GWh (2010)

    December, 2013

    In 2010, electricity production from renewable sources in Switzerland reached a share of

    about 55 % of the total.

    One of the main objectives of Switzerland's energy policy, with the introduction of the FIT,

    is to increase the amount of electricity generated by “new” renewable energy (without

    large-scale hydro) by 5,400 GWh, or 10% of the electricity consumption, by 2030.

    Wind energy is supposed to add 600 to 1,200 GWh to these targets.

    Data Source: Eurostat

  • Switzerland RE forecast in Switzerland

    Forecasts

    The Swiss government’s target for 2020 is to reach a renewable energy production equal to 24 %

    of total energy consumption.

    The target put a few years ago for 2030 is to add a 5,400 GWh or renewable energy production to

    total. This means aproximatively 220 GWh per year. In 2020 the added production should be

    approximatively 3000 GWh.

    Swiss Federal Electricity Supply Act

    Forecasts by the AEE : National Energy Agency

    December, 2013

    0.00 5.00

    10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00 35.00 40.00 45.00

    Hydroelectric Solar Geothermal Biomass and

    wastes

    Wind

    2010 36.06 0.59 3.01 18.06 0.03

    2035-2050 41 18 10.5 26 4.5

    T W

    h

    Renewable energy production forecast 2035-2050

  • Switzerland Renewables - Incentive scheme

    Incentives for renewables – fast overview

    • The main stimulus for renewables is a feed-in-tariff scheme for each renewable source emended by

    government.

    The Swiss FIT program took as a base model the German FIT program.

    • The first Energy Law was introduced on 26th June 1998, the so called “LEne”, and in 2008 new feed-in-tariffs

    were introduced, with the “LAEI” the new Energy Law.

    Through the years there was made revisions on energy law. Feed-in-tariffs for renewables, were actualized in

    February 2010, but they are still provisory.

    • Tariffs are paid for a period of 20-25 years.

    2013 Feed - in – tariffs

    Swiss franc (euro) /kWh

    Photovoltaic

    Ground mounted Rooftop BIPV Duration (years)

    0.281 (0.2324) – 0.365

    (0.3019) 0.037 (0.0306) – 0.399 (0.33)

    0.334 (0.3019) – 0.488

    (0.4036) 25

    Wind Mills Small wind mills < 10 kWp Duration (years) Large wind mills > 10 kWp Duration

    0.215 (0.1778) 20 0.215 (0.1778) first 5 years

    0.135 (0.1117) After premium period,

    to year 20Biomass/gas/wastes Power plant 50 kWp - 5 MWp

    0.185 (0.153) – 0.28 (0.2316)

    Bonuses:

    0.035 (0.0289) – 0.08 (0.0662)

    Geothermal Duration

    (years) Plants 20 MW

    20

    0.28 (0.2316) – 0.4

    (0.3309) 0.227 (0.1878)

    Swiss Franc/ € = 0,83 October 2012

    December, 2013

    Hydro Power plant

  • Switzerland Feed-in Tariffs

    Feed-in Tariffs - 2013

    December, 2013

    Solar Photovoltaic 25 years

    Ground-mounted in SWF € ct/kwh

  • Switzerland Hydroelectricity

    Hydroelectricity

    December, 2013

    •In 2012, hydroelectricity production

    reached 3101 ktoe (36 064 GWh) (equal

    to 56.8% of total renewable energy

    production).

    9.85%

    90.15%

    Share of hydroelectricity

    in EU27

    Switzerland

    EU (27)

  • Switzerland Hydroelectricity

    Hydroelectricity

    December, 2013

    At the beginning of the 1970s, based on the estimated mean production level, hydropower accounted

    for almost 90% of domestic electricity production, but this figure dropped to approximately 60% by

    1985 following the shutting of Switzerland's nuclear power plants, and is at present about 56%. In

    consequence, hydropower remains Switzerland's major domestic source of renewable energy.

    Over a third of the total power produced in Switzerland is supplied by stations using reservoirs -

    constructed by building huge dams in the mountains. The dam wall of Grande Dixence, in canton

    Valais, the third highest in the world, at 285 meters.

    Run-of-river stations, which use the water's natural flow to drive their turbines supply another

    quarter comes.

    556 hydropower plants in Switzerland have a capacity of no less than 300 kilowatts each, which

    generate an average of approximately 35,830 GWh per year:

    -47% are produced in run-of-river power plants,

    -49% in storage power plants and

    -approximately 4% in pumped storage power plants.

    Two-thirds of hydroelectricity are produced in the mountain cantons of Uri, Grisons, Ticino and

    Valais, while Aargau and Bern also generate important quantities. Approximately 11% of Switzerland's

    hydropower generation derive from facilities sited on bodies of water along the country's borders.

    The hydropower market is estimated at 2 billion Swiss francs (basis = delivery from power plant at 5

    cents/kWh), and is thus an essential fragment of Switzerland's energy industry.

  • Switzerland Hydroelectricity

    Hydroelectricity

    December, 2013

  • Switzerland Solar energy

    Solar energy

    • The photovoltaics market has expanded globally by more than

    30% per year over the past few years, in particular in Europe. I