RECALL When was photography invented? What were the first photographed portraits called? 1826-1839...

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Transcript of RECALL When was photography invented? What were the first photographed portraits called? 1826-1839...

  • RECALLWhen was photography invented?

    What were the first photographed portraits called?

    1826-18391826-Nipce prints the first photograph

    1839-Talbot created the first negative process.

    Tintypes & Daguerreotypes

  • RECALLHow were daguerreotypes taken?

  • RECALLBefore the daguerreotype, how were portraits made?

    They were paintingstypically oil paintings commissioned by artists.

  • August Sander, Pastry Cook, 1928

  • Portrait Photography

    A portrait is usually a collaborative project between the subject and the photographer, who has to gain the subjects trust and cooperation.

    A good portrait depends on building a relationship with your subject, even if its only temporary.

  • Portrait Photography

    Good portraits record more than a persons appearance; they reveal that persons personality and character.

    How do you capture a persons personality in a photograph?

    Think about the following: The subjects personality. What kind of person do YOU, the photographer, think they are? Ask the subject to describe him/herself. Think about how to compose the shot to reveal those characteristics. Dont be afraid to ask the subject for suggestions.The location and props can be a key elements to exposing different parts of the subjects personality. Lighting can affect the overall mood of the photograph and the person as well.

  • Portrait Photography

    TOOLS OF THE TRADE

    TRIPODA three legged metal stand on which you can mount your camera.

  • Portrait Photography

    TOOLS OF THE TRADE

    CABLE RELEASEA flexible wire, one end of which attaches to the cameras shutter release. The other end has a plunger that, when pressed, lets you trip the shutter.

  • Portrait Photography

    TOOLS OF THE TRADE

    REFLECTORAnything that will reflect light into the shadows to lighten them for a flattering and three-dimensional portrait.

  • Portrait Photography

    Black and White vs Color

  • Portrait Photography

    Black and White vs Color

  • Portrait Photography

    Black and White vs Color

  • Portrait Photography

    Black and White vs Color

  • Portrait Photography

    Black and White vs Color

  • Portrait Photography

    The Formal Portrait

    The Candid Portrait

    The Environmental Portrait

    The Self-Portrait

  • The Formal Portrait

    The simplest portrait style. A formal portrait should emphasize the person and nothing else.

    CAMERA SETTINGS

    Shoot formal portraits with a wide aperture to make the background out of focus. This makes the background less distracting.

    If you are using a NORMAL LENS use f/2 or f2.8.If you are using a ZOOM LENS try f/3.5 or f4.5

    These f-stops will keep the subject in focus and the background out of focus, and put the emphasis where it belongs on the subject.

    What DEPTH OF FIELD will this create?

  • The Formal Portrait

    LIGHTINGINDOORS:

    Use a single light source placing one light at approximately a 45 degree angle on one side of your subject.

    Use a reflector such as white foam board on the opposite side of the subject from the light.

    The position of the reflector is critical. Watch the subject carefully and have the person holding the reflector move it around until the light is just right, and the shadows are lightened.

    This is the SIMPLIST indoor lighting set up.

  • The Formal Portrait

    LIGHTING

    OUTDOORS:

    Direct sunlight is not preferable. Why? Write your answer on your paper.

    Try shooting in open shade, such as a the shadow of a building or tree, but avoid deep shade. Youd want to include the sky, but not the sun. If possible, have an assistant hold a reflector to light up any shadows. This person will need to be about 3-6 feet away from the subject.

    Cloudy days are great. The even lighting they provide is very flattering. Avoid busy and distracting backgrounds, and watch for things like poles or branches sticking out of a persons head.

  • The Formal Portrait

  • The Formal Portrait

  • The Formal Portrait

  • The Formal Portrait

  • The Formal Portrait

  • The Candid Portrait

    Candid portraits capture a person going about everyday life and activities.

    TIPS

    Dont try to pose your subject. Its more effective if the person is completely natural. Try to take the portrait without the subject knowing. If you, the photographer, fade into the background, your subject will be more relaxed and spontaneous.

    Be sure to include your subjects surroundings in candid portraits. The background gives context and can explain what your subject is doing.

    Youll take many more photos when shooting candid shots. Take time shoot from different vantage points and capture many different moods and expressions.

  • The Candid Portrait

  • The Candid Portrait

  • The Candid Portrait

  • The Candid Portrait

  • The Candid Portrait

  • The Environmental Portrait

    Environmental portraits use a subjects surroundings to help tell that persons story. They combine photojournalism with portrait photography.

    TIPS

    Show as much of the background as needed to tell the story of your subject. While the subject is still the most important element in the image, the background helps to provide additional details to the story the image tells about the subject.

    Once you determine the details of the background you will use, youll have a good idea of how big the subject needs to be in the picture.

    It can be a challenge to balance the person and the background to get the best effect. Youll need to shoot different angles to get the best shot.

  • The Environmental Portrait

    TIPS

    Show as much of the background as needed to tell the story of your subject. While the subject is still the most important element in the image, the background helps to provide additional details to the story the image tells about the subject.

    Once you determine the details of the background you will use, youll have a good idea of how big the subject needs to be in the picture.

    It can be a challenge to balance the person and the background to get the best effect. Youll need to shoot different angles to get the best shot.

  • The Environmental Portrait

    CAMERA SETTINGS

    Wide angle lenses are useful in environmental portraits, as are tripods.Why should you use a wide angle lens when photographing environmental portraits?

    Stop down the lens to f/5.6 f/58 or even f/11 for a greater depth of field.

    Why do you need a greater depth of field when shooting environmental portraits?

  • The Environmental Portrait

  • The Environmental Portrait

  • The Environmental PortraitArnold Newman, Igor Stravinsky, December 1946.

  • The Environmental PortraitAnnie Libovitz, Hillary Rodham Clinton

  • The Self-Portrait

    In a self-portrait, you become your own subject.

    With traditional self-portraits, you simply take a picture of yourself. You show who you are and something about your life. This is a self-portrait autobiography--- where you get the chance to tell your own story.

    What equipment would you need to take a self-portrait?

  • The Self-Portrait

  • The Self-Portrait

  • The Self-Portrait

  • The Self-Portrait

  • The Self-Portrait

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