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Reading Strategies and a Reader Response approach to teaching literature in the high school classroom.

Transcript of Readasaurus rex

  • 1. Readasaurus Rex
    Reading Strategies for the classroom

2. Pre-Reading Activities
3. Some Pre-reading Activities can be simple and encourage:-Anticipation Why did we just hug trees?How will this connect with the story?-Personal How did I feel when I hugged the tree?What is my connection to nature?Is my teacher crazy?
4. Some Pre-reading Activities can be more complex and help students gain:Background InformationNew Vocabulary
5. Web Quests-Can be individual or group work-Guide students through a series of questions to resources that give them the background information they need to better understand the novel-Build a students cultural literacy
6. Web Quest
7. 8. Presentations-Posters are not the only way to presentinformation!-Think LESS IS MORE-Offer alternatives:-Newspaper articles-Half-size posters-Mini books-Drama-Biographies
9. Vocabulary-Word Clusters-Word Walls-Games (Word/Image match)
10. Word Clusters
11. Reading
12. A Reader Response Approach to Reading
Pieces of literature arouse in us a response a sense of knowing, of feeling, of moving, of pattern and insight. When these senses coalesce for one of us, we have a kind of pleasure, a sense of the fitness of things. Out of having read what weve read, we construct a theory a theory building on the nature of language and the nature of the mind and the meeting of language and mind in what we would call response (Purves 17).
13. Heres the Problem
Literature classes are seen as reading for test taking and clearly not reading for exploration (191)
14. A Solution
help students become more reasoning and reasonable, more articulate about what they have read, to share their expressions ... to help them find their place in their community as well as find their individuality. (57)
15. How Do We Do This?
-Provide a more organic approach to learning
-Dont kill a love of reading by asking for the theme in the first second of discussion
-Act as moderator
-Value students questions and personal responses to what is being read
-Let students make discoveries and then provide the framework from which to go deeper from a personal to a critical response
-Provide activities that promote a love of reading and a curious mind
16. Activities to Promote Organic Responses from Students
17. Nikki-Rosa
childhood remembrances are always a drag
if youre Black
you always remember things like living in Woodlawn
with no inside toilet
and if you become famous or something
they never talk about how happy you were to have
your mother
all to yourself and
how good the water felt when you got your bath
from one of those
big tubs that folk in chicago barbecue in
and somehow when you talk about home
it never gets across how much you
understood their feelings
as the whole family attended meetings about Hollydale
and even though you remember
your biographers never understand
your fathers pain as he sells his stock
and another dream goes
And though youre poor it isnt poverty that
concerns you
and though they fought a lot
it isnt your fathers drinking that makes any difference
but only that everybody is together and you
and your sister have happy birthdays and very good
and I really hope no white person ever has cause
to write about me
because they never understand
Black love is Black wealth and theyll
probably talk about my hard childhood
and never understand that
all the while I was quite happy
18. Discussion and After
Q: What if the students dont bring up the questions I want to discuss as a teacher?
A: They may not, but these are the real questions students have.Anyway, if they are important, they will probably come up in discussion.
Q: Are students really learning how to read and analyze literature?
A: Yes! After discussion, formalize what the students have learned.
Tone Irony Structure Diction Atmosphere
Metaphor Paradox Symbolism Style
Analysis Impact Criticism Evocation
Analogical Reasoning Interpretation Mood
19. Zombie Lessons
20. Ball Toss
-Plot Recall
-I Like / I Dont Like
21. Strong Lines
Can Bonnie describe a strong line in 30 seconds or less?
22. Interviews
-Discuss 1930s America
-A/B Pairs Townsperson/Journalist
-Teacher: Editor/Town Mayor
-Diary response from townspeople
-Newspaper articles from journalists
23. Reading Films as Texts
24. A Word About Student Response
What we want to do is to allow for and validate students individual emotional responses to what they read while nurturing their ability to read critically.
25. Post-Reading Assessment
26. Testing
Q: Are traditional tests necessary?
A: Yes! Um, I mean No! I mean Yes! I mean errrrmmm
Of course they are! Tests (particularly essay exams) are a great means of evaluating what students have learned and getting them expand their minds (critical thinking) after theyve read a novel, story, poem or play.
Is it the only means of assessment?
27. Portfolios
We usually associate portfolios with writing and art classes but they can be just as effective in the literature classroom.
28. Portfolio Content
-A revised personal response journal
-A DVD of a polished student performance of a scene
-An audio of a radio play written by a student
-A short story inspired by the work of literature
-A polished sketch, collage, sculpture orpainting
-Mapping a journey (physical, emotional, spiritual)
-A critical essay about an aspect of the work
We suggest students choose at least 4 pieces to revise and polish for a portfolio they create themselves. Students must include the critical essay in their four components.
Students write a rationale for the choices theyve made and describe the revision process.
29. Why Portfolios?
-Portfolios present students to the outside world (think Prep Open night!)
-Portfolios reflect the breadth of the students accomplishments
-Portfolios justify the particular course or curriculum that the student has undertaken
-Portfolios give the responsibility to the student
-Portfolios have a rhetorical purpose they inform and persuade
-Creating a portfolio is different from the portfolio that is created (Purves 199-200)
30. Assessing Portfolios
Adapting Gails rubric (or an IB rubric) to each piece in the portfolio provides a clear means of assessment.
Students must know of your multiple roles throughout this process:
-During discussion you are their facilitator, helping them better articulate their feelings and thoughts about a work.
-While they are generating portfolio pieces, you are their guide and nurturer, encouraging them to dig deeper, to take risks, to dare to be creative.
-But they do need to know that ultimately, you are also their judge, evaluating their finished products.
31. Now Its Your Turn
Think of a literary text (novel, story, poem, play) that you teach and devise one of the following:
-A Pre-Reading Activity
-A While Reading Activity
-A Post-Reading Assessment