RAILROAD-HIGHWAY GRADE CROSSING HANDBOOK AUGUST 2007 REVISION PRESENTED BY KURT ANDERSON 2008...

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Transcript of RAILROAD-HIGHWAY GRADE CROSSING HANDBOOK AUGUST 2007 REVISION PRESENTED BY KURT ANDERSON 2008...

  • RAILROAD-HIGHWAY GRADE CROSSING HANDBOOK AUGUST 2007 REVISION

    PRESENTED BYKURT ANDERSON2008 Mid-States Highway Rail Grade Crossing Safety Conference

  • BackgroundPrevious Manual was 2nd Edition, 1986 PublicationBefore Widespread Adoption of Light Rail TechnologyBefore FRA Quiet Zone RegulationBefore New Web-Based SystemsSignificant New Guidance DocumentsPre-Fox River Grove, Illinois Metra CollisionUSDOT Technical Working GroupITE RP Preemption of Traffic Signals Near Railroad Crossings

  • Top 10 ListUpdate on Federal Programs, Safety Initiatives & Court CasesPreemption of Traffic Signals Near Railroad CrossingsUse of Pre-Signals & Exclusion Zone StripingPassive Devices Use of Stop and Yield Signs at Grade CrossingsSummary of Quiet Zone ProceduresDescription of Use of Wayside HornsUpdate to Sight Distance Tables; clarification of application & addition of Pedestrian Sight DistanceUpdates to FRA Grade Crossing Inventory procedures and Accident Prediction ModelMUTCD 2003Light Rail Transit Safety Treatments (TCRP Reports 17 & 69)

  • Update on Federal Programs, Safety Initiatives & Court CasesGood summary of history of federal grade crossing safety programsIncludes information on ISTEA & SAFTEA-LUHeadlights & Auxiliary LightingReflectorization of Freight Rolling StockFHWA guidance on use of STOP and YIELD signs at passive crossingsTrain Horns & Quiet ZonesSummary of Court CasesCSX v. EasterwoodNorfolk Southern v. Shanklin

  • Preemption of Traffic Signals Near Railroad CrossingsExtensive preemption sectionReferences ITE Recommended Practice, AREMA, MUTCD as well as other materialTXDOT form is included in Appendix

  • Use of Pre-Signals incl Queue Cutters

    Pre-Signal Ahead of CrossingPre-Signal Ahead on CantileverPre-Signal Beyond CrossingQueue Cutter Signal

  • Queue Prevention Strategies

  • Passive Devices Use of Stop and Yield Signs at Grade CrossingsGuidance for use also provided in Handbook:Use of YIELD is the default choiceUse of STOP based upon engineering study

  • Summary of Quiet Zone ProceduresOverviewRequirement to Sound the Locomotive HornCreation of Quiet ZonesMaintenance of Pre-Rule Quiet ZonesCreation of New Quiet ZonesLength of Quiet ZonesSupplementary and Alternative Safety Measures

  • Description of Use of Wayside HornsDescribes use in the Quiet Zone SectionDescribes functionality in Warning Device SectionMUTCD Part 8 and Part 10 applications described

  • Update to Sight Distance TablesUpdated sight distance tablesClearing Sight Distance for pedestrians was addedApplication and clarification added

  • FRA Grade Crossing Inventory Procedures and Ax Prediction ModelUpdated Inventory InstructionsDetailed Discussion of USDOT Accident Prediction Model

  • MUTCD 2003

  • Light Rail Transit Safety Treatments (TCRP Reports 17 & 69)

  • Light RailList of safety issues paired with possible solutionsRecommended motor vehicle treatments including use of active supplemental devices vs. gated or non-gated crossings:Traffic SignalActive NO LEFT/RIGHT TURN signTrain IconExamples of pedestrian treatmentsZ crossings & bedstead barriersSecond train coming signsSwing gatesChannelizationGate placement options

  • Active DevicesUse of LEDsFour quadrant gatesUse of channelization with gatesBarrier gatesWayside horn systemsSecond train coming signs

  • Escape Zone Curbing (IL DOT)

  • Pavement MarkingsStandard treatment shown in MUTCD 2003Example from TX DOT of alternative placement to avoid wheel wearExample from IL DOT of keep clear diagonal striping placement

  • Enhanced Closure SectionJurisdiction for crossing closure by state indicating whether state agency / commission or local jurisdiction is responsibleInformation on closure programs including criteria for selecting closure candidates and other factors to consider when closing a crossingCorridor approach including closure and safety improvements

  • Selection of AlternativesUse of STOP and YIELD signs (FHWA Memo, 2006)Incorporates recommendations from Guidance on Traffic Control Devices at Highway-Rail Grade Crossings (US DOT Technical Working Group, 2002)Cost-effectiveness of evaluation of alternative countermeasures (Transport Canada, 2002)GradeDec software & web reference (FRA, 2002)

  • Private CrossingsUpdated statisticsCollisionsCollisions vs. Type of Traffic Control DeviceCollisions vs. Vehicle Type / PedestrianExample Private Crossings Policy (WV) included as appendix

  • To download your copy:http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/xings/07010/07010.pdf

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