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Transcript of Rabindrik psychotherapy
MONER SHUSHRUSHAY RABINDRA SANGEET
RABINDRIK PSYCHOTHERAPYDr. D. Dutta Roy, Ph.D. (Psy.)Psychology Research UnitINDIAN STATISTICAL INSTITUTEKolkata 700 108Venue: MIND INDIA, Guwahati, AssamDate: 1. 10.2011
What is Psychotherapy? The term psychotherapy refers to the treatment of psychological disorders through the use of psychological methods rather than physical means like drugs or surgery.Verbal communication between therapist and client is the most significant element of psychotherapy. It can be carried out individually or in groups. It is concerned with the evaluation of problems and possible solutions as well as with the encouragement of more adaptive ways of thinking and behaving.
Models of Psychotherapy
MODELSAPPROACHESPSYCHODYNAMICUnconscious, Pre and ConsciousID,EGO and SuperegoDefense mechanismsFree associationInterpreting unconsciousTransference and CountertransferenceBEHAVIOUR THERAPYClassical conditioningOperant conditioningReinforcementResponse modificationEXISTENTIALThe self conceptIdeal and real self discrepancyNeed hierarchyEmpathy and unconditioned positive regardGESTALTFigure-ground perceptionLanguage analysisEmpty chair techniquesRATIONAL EMOTIVE THERAPYRational and Irrational thinkingThe ABC modelTRANSACTIONAL ANALYSISParent, Adult and Child Ego statesTransactional analysisRABINDRIK PSYCHOTHERAPYDynamics of consciousness layersThe great journeyLayer analysisSelf-awakening
RABINDRIK PSYCHOTHERAPYQuestions:What is Rabindrik Psychotherapy ? How does it differ from other therapies ?What is postulate ? Describe some therapeautic postulates of Rabindrik psychotherapy ?
What is Rabindrik Psychotherapy? Rabindrik psychotherapy refers to the way of self-awakening through the use of therapeautic postulates extracted from the literary works of Rabindranath Tagore. It can be used for treatment of psychological disorders. Postulate refers to theoretical assumption. Theory is composed of postulate. Here, therapist acts as facilitator. Therapist creates the environment through performing arts of Tagore that leads client to understand own conflict and its management. Both verbal and non-verbal communication between therapist and the client are followed. Therapist must have adequate knowledge about therapeautic postulates extracted from the literary works of Rabindranath Tagore.
Similarities and dissimilarities with other psychotherapiesOther PsychotherapiesAll psychotherapies aim at treatment of psychological disorders. Here, mind is divided into three layers as unconscious, pre and conscious. Presence of unconscious mind is assumed Verbal communication between therapist and client is the most significant element of psychotherapy. It can be carried out individually or in groups. It is concerned with the evaluation of problems and possible solutions as well as with the encouragement of more adaptive ways of thinking and behaving. Rabindrik Psychothearpy Rabindrik psychotherapy does not accept labeling one as suffering from psychological disorders. Mind is divided into three layers of consciousness as Murta, Raaga and Saraswat.Therapist can follow both verbal and non verbal communication.It can be carried out individually or in groups.It is concerned with self-evaluation and possible solutions to overcome the conflict of layer dynamics.
Therapeautic postulatesDo not label rather understand others consciousness. Consciousness is free floating. Look at it as detached being.Make the consciousness unbounded and experience it.Experience of consciousness is like a journey from incomplete to complete across its layers Murta, Raaga and Saraswat. Man is the pursuer of completeness and newness.Searching newness makes man incomplete that acts as the drive to find out completeness. Incomplete to complete is a cycling process.
Therapeutic assessmentIn Rabindrik psychotherapy, therapeutic assessment is important to find out ones position across three layers of consciousness.Consciousness is the immediate awareness of thoughts, sensations, memories, and the world around us. Experience of consciousness varies from moment to moment. Just like a river, it is changing. Individuals behaviour is guided by his or her mental state position and its flow at the different layers of consciousness.Understanding about ones state at the different layers of consciousness and its flowing pattern is prelude of Rabindrik psychotherapy. This helps the therapist in comprehending individuals characteristics, reasons for present behaviour and in predicting ones future psychological functioning or behaviour. These three layers are Murta, Raaga and Saraswat. When our mental state lies at the layer of murta, we are aware of morphology or the structural properties of the object in our surroundings. When our mental state lies at the layer of raaga, we associate morphology of the object with feeling of pleasantness or unpleasantness. This provides some meaning about object. And finally, when our mental state is in the saraswat layer, we experience harmony between the object and the environment. In this layer, our own existence is mixed with the surroundings. But such experience does not happen in murta and raaga layer.
Therapeutic assessmentCharacteristics of three layers are given below. Murta (The outer layer) : What we sense through our five sensory organs. Raaga (The inner layer) : The meaning carried by the sensory stimuli. It is attached with affect or feeling of pleasant or unpleasantness. When perception is attached with affect, it is called apperception. Saraswat layer (The inner core) : The feeling of harmony, the existence of truth, the feeling of white. By using performing art, one can diagnose extent of malfunctions in the consciousness;locate ones mental state across layers of consciousness;estimate possible flow of mental functions across layers. After taking case history and mental state examination, therapist will explore modes of performing arts to assess consciousness layers.
Therapeutic assessmentThere are different approaches to administer performing art for assessing layers of consciousness.Altered state of consciousness: It differs from normal waking consciousness. In this state, consciousness is split into two simultaneous streams of mental activity. One stream of mental activity remains conscious. But a second stream of mental activity-the one responding to the performing art is dissociated from awareness. This state is almost similar to hypnotic state. In hypnosis, suggestion is given by therapist. But in using performing art, client gets suggestion from the art itself. Using picture drawing test, it is noted that Murta layer is related to raga, and raga is related to saraswat. Murta is not related to saraswat layer.
There are different approaches to assess functioning of consciousness. Following approaches are related to performing art therapy.Altered consciousnessUse of GeetbitanSelf-report
Do not label rather understand others consciousness.
Do not say anything when one calls on you mad
Je tore pagol bole tare tui bolis ne kichu.Ajke tore kemon vebe ange je tor dhulo debeKal se prate mala hate asbe re tor pichu pichu.Ajke apan maner vare thak se bose gadir pareKalke preme asbe neme, karbe se tar matha nichu.Do not say anything when one calls on you madAssuming you as abnormal, one can throw dust on you today.Tomorrow he will come to you with garlandToday, due to self-pride, he sits on high chair.Tomorrow, he will get down and bow his head.
Each one is uniqueEach individual is unique in perceiving, thinking and in adjusting with his or her surroundings. Uniqueness is guided by the dynamics of consciousness layers. Case study: One lady came to me with the complain of self-talking. Class teacher and friends labeled her as mad. Her academic performance in school deteriorated. Parents were worried. By careful examining her words, I noted that she had lot of interpersonal conflicts with peers and she always tried to analyze them. Through self-talking, she analyzed her problems. So, before classification it is important to examine dynamicity in others consciousness. Uniqueness is supported by the widely recognized definition of personality stated by Allport. Allport defined personality as dynamic organization of those psychophysical systems that determine ones unique adjustment with environment.
Consciousness is free floating. Look at it as detached being.
Je ami bhese chale kaler dheue akash tale (Detached being) Je ami bhese chale kaler dheue akash tale ori pane dekhchi ami cheye. o je sachal chabir mato ami nirab kabir mato- ori pane dekhchi ami cheye. Ei je ami oi ami noi, apan-majhe apni je roi, Jai na bhese marandhara beye-Mukto ami, tripto ami, shanto ami, dipto ami, ori pane dekhchi ami cheye.The I that floats on the waves of time under the sky, I am watching at it. ..That I moves like moving picture and I am watching at it as silent poet. This I is not that I. I am within me. I am not floating like dead. I am free, satisfied, peaceful and lighted. I am watching at it.
Here, author has pointed at two beings free floated real being and detached being. As detached being, man can understand own consciousness when he follows each free floating movement of real being. Detachment helps man to understand all the incompleteness in consciousness by removing all the emotions intertwined with sensory images.
Make the consciousness unbounded and experience it.
Ei akashe amar mukti aloy aloyCreate the environment where in client can float all the imaginations . Here the medium of expression will be unstructured performing arts (songs, dance, drama, painting, sculpture etc.). Let the consciousness unbounded so that all the feelings, emotions can be expressed to therapist.Encourage client to feel all the desires of