QUALITY TRENDS IN THE MENA REGION UPDATES ON EGYPT, skills required by the job market and those...

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Transcript of QUALITY TRENDS IN THE MENA REGION UPDATES ON EGYPT, skills required by the job market and those...

  • Nabil Najd Director MENA Region

    QUALITY TRENDS IN THE MENA REGION

    UPDATES ON EGYPT, JORDAN, KSA & UAE

    The ICEF Berlin 2019

    Berlin, Germany03 – 05 November, 2019

  • Session Speakers

    2

    Nabil Najd – Director MENA Region, ICEF Middle East & North Africa, Lebanon

    Meriam Bader – Head of External Affairs & Sales Manager of The Oval Office for Studies & Research, Egypt & Jordan

    Arwa Due-Gundersen – Marketing & Business Development Manager of Yes Atlas, KSA & UAE

  • MENA Region – Facts

    3

    General information Offical Name: Middle East and North Africa Number of countries: 22 Language: Mainly Arabic, Iranian Governmenet Type: Monarchy mostly, very few democratically voted governments Population: 523 million Economy: Oil and gas and natural resources

  • Population Size & Growth in the MENA Region

    5 4

  • MENA Market

    5

    The MENA region will continue to post double-digit average growth of around 5% annually in the next five years.

    Institutions must be patient.

    The Middle East does not have a longstanding capitalist culture.

    Business set-up time can be a longer than would be expected in the West.

    MENA region is generously endowed with lavish natural resources and a young population with 70% under the age of 30.

    The region offers educational opportunities.

  • Education system in the MENA Region

    ● Achievements● Deficiencies ● Challenges

    6

  • The Education System of MENA (Deficiencies)

    7

    ● Students finish schools lacking appropriate foreign language profeciency

    ● Most schools have 12 years of education, so certain universities will

    require the students to do a foundation year

    ● Students lose a minimum of two years before joining a university

  • The Education System of MENA - Achievements

    8

    ● MENA has taken great strides in education

    ● Achievement of almost complete gender parity for primary education

    ● Enrolment in the region’s school systems has increased significantly over the past decade

    ● Achievement of the universal primary education for girls and boys in most of the MENA

    countries

    ● Literacy rates for the adult population (defined as 15+ years) have increased from 59% in

    1990 to 78% in 2010

    ● Government Financing Commitment: The average public investment in education across

    the region as a percentage of GDP is above 5.3% of GDP

  • www.icef.com

    Source: World Bank, 2013 http://www.worldbank.org/en/region/mena/brief/education-in-mena

    Educational quality Low educational quality of school systems in MENA Basic skills are not being learnt

    Skills Mismatch Pervasive mismatch between the skills required by the job market and those taught in schools More firms in MENA contend that inadequate labor force skills, both technical and soft , impede their growth and ability to hire employees

    The Education System of MENA - Challenges

    9

  • Middle Eastern Students Abroad Based on UNESCO data 2016

    10

  • 11

    Middle Eastern Students Abroad Based on UNESCO data 2016

  • 13

    Global Flow of Tertiary-level MENA Students

    Source: UNESCO Data , 2018 http://uis.unesco.org/en/uis-student-flow

    12

  • SPECIALISATION – PROGRAMS OF INTEREST

    13

  • • Going abroad is a tradition • The Ministry of Higher Education provided lists of the recommended higher education institutions. • Students wishing to complete their higher education must obtain the approval of the ministry before the enrollment through online

    request of the program study • MENA Students also believe that studying abroad will give them:

    o A greater chance at career success o Gain better knowledge / skills than at home o Get a good job in chosen field o Can earn more money o Improve English-language skills o Get expected academic marks / results o Can live in study destination permanently

    Trends & Tendencies of MENA Students

    14

  • JORDAN & EGYPT MARKETS BACKGROUND, CURRENT STATUS OF THE STUDY ABROAD

    MARKET & FUTURE POTENTIAL & TRENDS

    15

  • BACKGROUND SIZE OF MARKETS AND EDUCATION SYSTEMS

    16

  • The current population of Jordan is 10,133,772 as of Friday, October 25, 2 019, based on World meters elaboration of the latest United Nations

    Population Jordan

    17

  • Population Egypt

    The Arab Republic of Egypt—the country’s official name—is the most populous country in the Middle East and North Af rica (MENA) with 98.2 million people.

    18

  • Education System Egypt

    The K to 12 Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years o f basic education (six years of primary education, four ye ars of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High S chool.

    19

  • CURRENT STATUS OF THE

    STUDY ABROAD MARKET

    NUMBERS OF STUDENTS STUDYING ABROAD & DESTINATIONS PREFERENCES

    20

  • NUMBER OF STUDENTS STUDYING ABROAD

    NUMBER OF JORDANIAN STUDENTS STUDYING ABROAD EACH YEAR RANGES BETWEEN 20K AND 30K STUDENTS, MAJORITY STUDY MEDICINE AND ENGINEERING PROGRAMS.

    Degree Medicine Dentistry Pharmacy Engineering Other Total

    Bachelors 5412 558 317 3291 5012 14749

    Masters 216 37 47 1055 3712 5067

    PhD 142 3 92 751 4122 5110

    24737

    21

  • DESTINATIONS PREFERENCES JORDAN

    Total

    Bachelors

    Medicine4706

    Dentistry540

    Pharmacy155

    Engineering2013

    Other majors3386

    Total11688

    Masters

    Medicine171

    Dentistry37

    Pharmacy24

    Engineering362

    Other majors2292

    Total2886

    PhD

    Medicine78

    Dentistry3

    Pharmacy64

    Engineering256

    Other majors2071

    Total2472

    Total24922

    22

  • NUMBER OF STUDENTS STUDYING ABROAD

    EGYPT IS NOW THE FOURTH-LARGEST SENDING COUNTRY OF INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS IN THE ARAB WORLD AFTER SAUDI ARABIA, MOROCCO, AND SYRIA.

    23

  • DESTINATIONS PREFERENCES EGYPT ERASMUS AND EXCHANGE PROGRAMS PLAY A VERY IMPORTANT ROLE FOR EGYPT MARKET.

    24

  • FUTURE POTENTIALS & TRENDS

    Increase in the demand over the European countries and the need to learn more languages such as German and Spanish.

    2. Europe as a destination

    A huge percentage of international students seek job opportunities during and after their studies, and countries which offers that will shift to the top.

    3. Employment & Immigration

    Medicine and Engineering are still on the top of the list, and majors such as; Psychology, Accounting and law are joining in. Add vocational training programs and PG certificates.

    4. Degrees & Programs

    Due to the political status of the Middle- East, Number of students desire to study abroad shall increase.

    1. Continuity of Students Mobility

    3 2 4

    1

    25

  • EXPLORING BOTH UAE AND SAUDI ARABIA

    OFFICES IN ABU DHABI, DAMMAM, & RIYADH

    26

  • GEOGRAPHY

    THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES IS ONE OF THE PERSIAN GULF STATES, A DESERT COUNTRY IN THE SOUTHEAST OF THE ARABIAN PENINSULA WITH A COASTLINE AT THE PERSIAN GULF (ARAB GULF) AND THE GULF OF OMAN. THE UAE IS BORDERING OMAN AND SAUDI ARABIA AND HAS MARITIME BORDERS WITH IRAN.

    THE CAPITAL IS ABU DHABI AND MAIN CITIES ARE DUBAI, SHARJAH RAS AL-KHAIMAH AND AJMAN

    27

  • SIZE OF THE MARKET

     UNESCO STUDENT MOBILITY NUMBER: 11,503. THIS IS NUMBER OF UAE STUDENTS STUDYING ABROAD.

     BY THE YEAR 2020 IT IS EXPECTED TO REACH 13000 STUDENTS

     THE UAE HAS OVER 1350 PUBLIC SCHOOLS SERVING OVER 700,000 STUDENTS

     THE UAE’S EDUCATION MARKET IS EXPECTED TO GROW FROM $4.4 BILLION IN 2017 TO $7.1 BILLION BY 2023 ACCORDING TO A 2018 REPORT RELEASED BY THE BOSTON CONSULTING GROUP (BCG) ENTITLED “WHERE TO INVEST NOW IN GCC PRIVATE EDUCATION”.

     IN LINE WITH VISION 2021, THE UAE’S MINISTRY OF EDUCATION (MOE) HAS DEVELOPED THE EDUCATION 2020 STRATEGY, WHICH IS DESIGNED TO BRING SIGNIFICANT QUALITATIVE IMPROVEMENT IN THE EDUCATION SYSTEM. SMART LEARNING PROGRAMS, NEW TEACHERS' CODES, LICENSING AND EVALUATIONS SYSTEMS, AS WELL AS CURRICULUM REVISION, INCLUDING TEACHING MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCE THROUGH ENGLISH, ARE ALL PART OF THE STRATEGY.

    28

  • NATIONAL EDUCATION

    NATIONAL SCHOOLS TEACH A K-12 PROGRAM WHICH MEANS STUDENTS STUDY 12 YEARS OF EDUCATION BEFORE GRADUATING WITH A HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA.

    IF STUDENTS WISH TO STUDY AT A K-13 THEN AN ACADEMIC FOUNDATION YEAR IS MANDATORY.

    OTHER SCHOOLS OFFER INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS SUCH AS IB, IG AND AMERICAN DIPLOMAS

    29

  • CITIZENS AND EXPATS

    30

  • CITIZENS

    EXCELLENT QUALITY STUDENTS AS PER OUR COUNSELORS 95% OF THEM HAVE ALREADY DONE THEIR RESEARCH AND THEY KNOW WHERE TO GO.

    IELTS MARKET SHIFT AS IS RARELY AN ISSUE NOW DUE TO STUDENTS