QQuurraann CCllaassss CCuurrrriiccuulluumm TYPE Point of Articulation English Equivalent Letters...

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Transcript of QQuurraann CCllaassss CCuurrrriiccuulluumm TYPE Point of Articulation English Equivalent Letters...

  • 1

    QQQuuurrraaannn CCClllaaassssss

    CCCuuurrrrrriiicccuuullluuummm

    IIInnnttteeerrrmmmeeedddiiiaaattteee

  • 2

    Reading

    Quran

    Resource website:

    www.quranicsciences.com

  • 3

    LESSON - 1

    ا ة د س ط ح خ د ر س ص ط ػ ص ض ط ظ ع غ ؾ ق ن ل و ٌ و ِ ء ي ٌ

    Always Rounded

    Rounded Except With Kasrah

    Special Rules Apply

    TYPE Point of Articulation English

    Equivalent Letters

    Maddah Letters

    The hollow portion of the mouth الحروف النده – A, U, E when

    used as vowels ا و ى

    Throat Letters –

    الحروف الحلق

    Lowest part of throat A, H ء ه Middle part of throat - ع ح Upper part of throat - غ خ

    Tongue Letters –

    الحروف اللشاه

    Back of Tongue & touches soft palette near uvula - ق Similar as above except Tongue Slightly towards mouth

    touching area where hard and soft palette meet K ك

    Tongue touching hard palette near end of dome. J, SH, Y ج ص ى Side edge of tongue when touching upper molars - ض Tongue near tip touching gums of upper incisors L ل

    Tongue as above but slightly inward touching gums of upper

    front teeth blocking oral air passage forcing it through the

    nasal cavity

    N ه

    Similar as above except slight air passage is allowed near tip.

    The tongue vibrates two times. Excessive vibration is not

    permitted

    R ر

    Tip of Tongue touching upper incissors - ت د ط Tip of Tongue touching edge of upper incisors and protruded

    enough to be visible ث ذ ظ -

    Tip of Tongue near lower incisor gums allowing air passage

    between it and upper incisors S, Z, SW س ز ط

    Lip Letters –

    الحروف الضفوية Bringing Lips together for م & ب and protruding forward for و B, M, W ب م و Upper incisors against lower lip allowing air passage between

    the two F ف

    Nasal Letters –

    م and mouth closed for ه Nasal sounds with mouth open for الحروف الخيضوم as in Limbo &

    Pink م ه

  • 4

    LESSON -2

    ا ال ثب ل جل ثهت ن كت كذ كب ثكذ ركش ة د ٌ ي ثب َب رب َب صب ثظ َظ َض رض صط صظ رح َح ثظ مب مي من مت مث ىب ىي ىن رً صً َجم رُم َزم صضم َنب ثٍُ رني َنت صضٍ ط ح خ حش خت عذ حتذ خبذ ح ِ ثخ َّ َهت هبب هبى د ر عذ خز س ص خض َش رض ط ػ عم شم ص ض ط ظ طت طت ضب ع غ عش عض ؼش َػ ثعذ رؽز ؾ ق و لم ـى لى َمش َفش َؿ و حى متذ

    مئع ؤ أ ئ

  • 5

    LESSON – 3

    Vowels – Fathah, Kasrah and Dammah

    1. Letters خ غ and ق are rounded except with Kasrah 2. Letters ط ض ط and ظ are always rounded 3. Rest of the Letters are pronounced in a flat manner

    4. Shaded Letters are rounded The rounded letters are خط ضغط كظ 5. Letter Raa ر with Fathah or Dammah is rounded. Other rules apply to this letter and will be

    studied later

    َأ ِإ ُأ َِ ِِ ُِ َع ِع ُع َح ِح ُح َغ ِغ ُغ َخ ِخ ُخ َق ِق ُق َن ِن ُن َط ِط ُط َػ ِػ ُػ ٌَ َي ِي ُي َض ِض ُض َل ِل ُل ٌُ َس ِس ُس َط ِط ُط َد ِد ٌِ ُد َد ِد ُد َص ِص ُص َط ِط ُط َص ِص ُص َظ ِظ ُظ َر ِر ُر َس ِس ُس َؾ ِؾ ُؾ َو ِو ُو َة ِة ُة َو ِو ُو

    Fathah

    Slanted Dash above letter

    Kasrah

    Slanted Dash underneath letter Dammah

    Comma on top of letter

  • 6

    LESSON – 4

    Tanween – Fathatain, Kasratain and Dammatain

    1. Letters خ غ and ق are rounded except with Kasrah 2. Letters ط ض ط and ظ are always rounded 3. Rest of the Letters are pronounced in a flat manner

    4. Shaded Letters are rounded The rounded letters are خط ضغط كظ 5. Letter Raa ر with Fathah or Dammah is rounded. Other rules apply to this letter and will be studied later

    يًب ٍو ْو ّثب ٍة ْة ّوا ٍو ْو ـًب ٍؾ ْؾ ًصب ٍس ٌس ًري ٍر ٌر ًظب ٍظ ٌظ ّصا ٍص ْص ّعب ٍط ْط ّطب ٍص ْص ًح ٍح ٌح ّدي ٍد ْد ًطب ٍط ٌط ّسا ٌٌ ال ٍل ٌل ٌٍ ٍس ْس َّب ّضب ٍض ْض َّب ٍي ْي ّشب ٍػ ْػ ّعب ٍط ْط ًكب ٍن ْن ًلب ٍق ْق ّخب ٍخ ْخ ًؼب ٍغ ٌغ ّْب ٍِ ّحب ٍح ْح ّعب ٍع ْع ِْ ًء ٍء ٌء

    ً

    Fathatain

    Double Dash above letter Kasratain

    Double Dash underneath letter Dammatain

    Double Comma above letter

  • 7

    LESSON – 5

    1. Timing – Each letter is pronounced the length of One Harakah 2. Be careful about preserving the Tafkheem (Roundedness) and Tarqeeq (Flatness/Thinness) quality of

    letters 3. Exercise: Fill each empty box with letter “R” or “F” to indicate roundedness or flatness of the

    corresponding letter of the word immediately above.

    ٌَ َأَيَش َأََب ْذَأَح َأَخَز َأِر َأَثّذ

    ًََع َحَغَذ َحَشَش َثِخَم َثَشَسٍح َعَعَم َع ٍَ َخَهَك ُخِهَك َرَكَش َسـََع َسَلَجٍخ َخِش

    ُعُشْس َعَفَشٍح ُطُحًفب َوَعًطب َطَجٍك َطَجًمب

    ًٍَذ ِعَُّت ُطّىي َعَجَظ َعَذَل َعَهٍك َع َؼَجَشٌح ـََعَم َلَزَشٌح ُلِزَم َلَذَس ُلِشَئ

    َلَغْى َكَجٍذ ُكُزْت َكَغَت َكَفَش ُكُفّىا ًََضٍح َنَهٍت َيَغٍذ ََِخَشًح َوَعَذ ُنَجّذا ُن ُّْذي ًََضٍح ُْ ََْت َوَعَك َوَلَت َوَنَذ َو

  • 8

    LESSON – 6 & LESSON - 7 (Huroof – ul – Maddah حروف النده)

    1. Letters that cause Madd or prolongation to happen are و ا and ى 2. Whenever a letter with Fathah on top is followed by an Alif (ا ) then the length of its recitation is prolonged

    from one harakah to two such as in َةا 3. Whenever a letter with Dammah on top is followd by a Wow Saakin then the length of its recitation is

    prolonged from one harakah to two such as in ُةوْا 4. Whenever a letter with Kasrah below is followd by a Yaa Saakin then the length of its recitation is prolonged

    from one harakah to two such as in ِْةي

    َثب ُثىْا ِثً َرب ُرىْا ِرً ْاُحى ِحً َصب ُصىْا ِصً َحب َخب ُخىْا ِخً َسا ُسوْا ِسي َصا ُصوْا ِصي َطب ُطىْا ِطً َظب ُظىْا ِظً ـَب ـُىْا ـًِ ًِْ ََب َُىْا ًَِ ُْىْا َْب ٰا ُأو ِإِي َعب ُعىْا ِعً َدا ُدوْا ِدي َرا ُروْا ِري َعب ُعىْا ِعً َشب ُشىْا ِشً َطب ُطىْا ِطً َضب ُضىْا ِضً َعب ُعىْا ِعً َؼب ُؼىْا ِؼً َلب ُلىْا ِلً َكب ُكىْا ِكً

  • 9

    ال ُنىْا ِنً َيب ُيىْا ِيً ََب َُىْا ًَِ َوا ُووْا ِوي

    (Extra) Exercise with Fatha and Alif

    Two

    Haraka h

    Two

    Haraka h

    One

    Haraka h

    َق ٰق َلب َن ٰن َكب َل ٰل ال َو ٰو َيب ٌٰ ََب ٌَ َو ٰو َوا بَْ ِٰ َِ َء ٰء َءا ٌٰ ََب ٌَ

    Two

    Haraka h

    Two

    Haraka h

    One

    Haraka h

    َص ٰص َصا َط ٰط َعب َػ ٰػ َشب َص ٰص َطب َض ٰض َضب َط ٰط َطب َظ ٰظ َظب َع ٰع َعب َغ ٰغ َؼب َؾ ٰؾ ـَب

    Two

    Haraka h

    Two

    Haraka h

    One

    Haraka h

    َأَا ٰا َة ٰة َثب َد ٰد َرب َس ٰس َصب َط ٰط َعب َح ٰح َحب َخ ٰخ َخب َد ٰد َدا َر ٰر َرا َس ٰس َسا

    (Extra) Exercise with Kasra and Yaa

    ً

    ً

  • 10

    Two Haraka

    h

    Two Haraka

    h

    One Haraka

    h

    يِق ِلً ِق يِن ِكً ِن يِل ِنً ِل يِو ِيً ِو يٌِ ًَِ ٌِ يِو ِوي ِو ًِْ يِِ ِِ يِء ِءي ِء ًَِ ٌ ٌِ

    Two Haraka

    h

    Two Haraka

    h

    One Haraka

    h

    يِص ِصي ِص يِط ِعً ِط يِػ ِشً ِػ يِص ِطً ِص يِض ِضً ِض يِط ِطً ِط يِظ ِظً ِظ يِع ِعً ِع يِغ ِؼً ِغ يِؾ ـًِ ِؾ

    Two Haraka

    h

    Two Haraka

    h

    One Haraka

    h

    ِاي يِإ

    يِإي ِا ِإِا

    يِة ِثً ِة يِد ِرً ِد يِس ِصً ِس يِط ِعً ِط يِح ِحً ِح يِخ ِخً ِخ يِد ِدي ِ